The Hudson River and PCB Pollution The Hudson River is a body of water that stretches for 315 miles from the Adirondack Mountains to the Battery in Manhattan, reaching its deepest point of 216 feet in the Highlands near Constitution Island and West Point and reaches its widest point of 3 miles across at Havestraw. This river is one of the most beautiful and scenic of the Tri-State area. Unfortunately, it happens to be New York’s most polluted river. The river has been influenced upon since the early 1600’s, when Englishman Henry Hudson commanded the Dutch ship Half Moon on an exploration of the river, certain that he had discovered a trade route to China. It soon dawned that this was no Atlantic-to-Pacific passage but an Edenlike place of awesome potential-a river valley teeming with prospect and spirit that was worth fighting for. In the centuries that followed, the fight for the river and its commerce never stopped, and still continues to the present. Then during the Industrial Revolution, with the advent of hulking manufacturing plants on the riverbanks, everything changed. The river became a sewer, cut off from the people around it by the electrification of the railroads. The 1825 completion of the Erie Canal instantly opened trade to the Midwest by linking Troy to Buffalo and established the Hudson River as the major commerce channel for New York City. Tycoons transformed the landscape in New York and across the country with the railroad, and the Hudson River valley became a hotbed for iron mining, limestone quarrying and clear-cutting. Toward the 19th century, when dynamite blasting was reducing the face of the Palisades to rubble, conservationists became alarmed that something was being lost to progress. In 1900, New York and New Jersey established the Palisades Interstate Park Commission to preserve the cliffs from further quarrying. Although conservation efforts continued into the 20th century, there was no progress to protect the Hudson River and its banks from industrial pollution. Some of the largest factories in the nation started production on the Hudson River, including Anaconda Wire and Cable in Hastings-on-Hudson and GM in the present day Sleepy Hallow, discharging waste into the river. There are numerous known contaminated sites around the U.S. Among the most dangerous of these, and of particular concern to residents of the Hudson Valley,...
... middle of paper ...
...mpt and comprehensive cleanup of PCBs from the riverbed Use safe, effective and commercially available technologies to permanently destroy PCBs once they are dredged Require GE (the company responsible for the contamination) to pay for a full cleanup. With the help and action of non-profit organizations, environmental groups, as well as the human population, there is hope to defend the river and its once awesome awe renewed. I grew up and lived on the river all my life and it makes me sick to know that this happened, because it affects relatives, friends and myself. I am part of some of the organizations listed in the bibliography and continue to do my fair share of letter writing to save the most serene place in my life, my home-- the river!
Bibliography Laws, Edward A. Aquatic Pollution. 2nd edition. New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc. 1993. Pg. 301-305. Adams, Aurthur G. The Hudson Through the Years. New Jersey: Lind Publications, 1983. ------------------------. The Hudson: A Guide to the River. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1981. Barnthouse, Lawrence W. Science, Law, and the Hudson River WWW.SCENICHUDSON.ORG WWW.HUDSONRIVER.ORG WWW.RIVERKEEPER.ORG
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Dredging the Hudson River For the past year, the subject of polychlorinated biphenyls in the Hudson River and what should be done about them has been discussed by politicians and residents all over the capital region. Often the top story on the local news, the front page headline of the newspaper, the subject of a special on television, or the reason for a town meeting, dredging has become a much debated topic. With all the information being exchanged and opinions published, it is easy for the average person to become confused.... [tags: Papers]
1770 words (5.1 pages)
- Analysis on a toxin in the environment, PCB As one of POPs, PCB pollution has a unimaginable impact on the environment. PCB mainly comes from the extensive use of PCB factories worldwide, such as the motor factory uses PCB as insulating oil, and chemical plant extensive uses PCB as heat carrier and lubricating oil. The corrosion resistance of coating in ship contains PCB, so if it is dissolved by seawater, it is also a considerable pollution source. PCB from such sources enters the drainage system with the forms of waste oil, slurry, and paint peeling, deposits on the bottom, then slowly flows to the water, and pollutes ecology system.... [tags: PCB Pollution, Environment, Harmful]
867 words (2.5 pages)
- INTRODUCTION The 14th of December 2013(Saturday) was the day when this fieldtrip was organised .it was a pleasant day, our whole class of grade 10 evm students (25 students) got ready and we head out for wazirabad Delhi. We had decided to go to three places and collect water samples so that we could conduct different tests on samples such as: 1. Ph. value test 2. BOD level 3. Coliform level To see how polluted river Yamuna gets ,as it passes different destinations in the nation capital region, but ended up going to only two places as we were running short of time.one of two place where we visited had water going downstream and at the other place water was pretty still.... [tags: Yamuna River]
2775 words (7.9 pages)
- CONTENTS Aim- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Page 3 Introduction- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -Page 3 Background information- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Page 4 Religious Beliefs- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Page 5 Yamuna at Nazafgarh - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Page 7 Yamuna at Wazirabad - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -Page 7 Analysis and Data Presentation- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Page 8 Primary data- - -... [tags: Yamuna River Research paper]
3046 words (8.7 pages)
- Since the beginning of time, water has played a key role in societies all over the world. The earliest recorded civilizations have all been found along large river valleys, such as, the Indus River in India and the Yellow River in China. Water is an essential part of life; it does not just sustain the life of all human beings around the globe, but also sustains the life of every living thing known to this Earth. All of the major cities that we know today are surrounded by large river systems that supply its people with the means to survive in that region.... [tags: river valleys, water, pollution, Texas]
1088 words (3.1 pages)
- The Hudson River School The Hudson River school represents the first native genre of distinctly American art. The school began to produce art works in the early 1820s; comprised of a group of loosely organized painters who took as their subject the unique naturalness of the undeveloped American continent, starting with the Hudson River region in New York, but eventually extending through space and time all the way to California and the 1870s. During the period, that the school’s artists were active (c.... [tags: essays research papers]
1528 words (4.4 pages)
- Albert Bierstadt (1830-1902) was an American artist and member of the Hudson River School. He was one of the first of the Hudson River Artist’s to paint beyond New York and see the unexplored west. Bierstadt’s paintings focused more upon the sublime in nature. His painting titled “Indian Summer Hudson River” was completed in 1861. It is an oil on canvas painting, which measures twenty-four inches in height by forty-one inches wide. One looks out across a secluded section of the Hudson River. It is late afternoon, and the sun is beginning its decent.... [tags: Art Analysis]
1472 words (4.2 pages)
- ... Different plausible solutions are being looked at like signing down online petitions that are addressed to the State Government of Kerala. These petitions are opened worldwide with also give a description to the nature of the problem.2 Recently, a 24x7 air and water pollution system was created by the Kerala State Pollution Control Board around the Eloor Industrial Area. This system has been put up to monitor the change in water quality and color in the river around that area.3 Taking this into the legal dimensions, the backwater problem that Periyar is facing right now can be easily be considered under India’s Environment Protection Act (1986).... [tags: environmental, social issues]
907 words (2.6 pages)
- In the Hudson River Valley sits several unique and diverse houses, from the Livingston Family house Clermont, to Lynhurst a gothic style castle. Nestled in with these eclectic houses sits another called Olana House, whose original owner was the famed Hudson River School artist Frederic Edwin Church. From a distance it looks to be some kind of Middle Eastern palace that brightly radiates uniqueness as it sits among the beautiful landscape of the Hudson River Valley. It was built in the latter part of the nineteenth century and is proclaimed by many to be a prime example of the Aesthetic Movement in America.... [tags: aesthetic, architecture, middle east]
1159 words (3.3 pages)
- The Downstream Changes of Pollution in the River Cray Introduction ============ The source of the River Cray begins in Priory Gardens in Orpington through Sidcup and into Crayford and then finally into the River Darent near the Dartford Marshes. The route of the river takes it through many urban areas which will most certainly add pollution to the water. The river is a low lying river and is also a first order stream. Aim === To investigate the downstream changes of pollution in the river Cray.... [tags: Papers]
1440 words (4.1 pages)