Following the collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union many have argued that ‘western liberal democracy’ is the best form of government and ideally suited to the modern world. Some even claim that it is the ‘moral leader’ of the world. Parekh describes democracy as “defined and structured within the limits set by liberalism.” Liberalism preceded democracy by nearly two centuries. Thus, a society had to be created where the latter had to adjust. Liberalism today is the absolute premise and foundation that shapes the democratic character. Therefore, during the last three decades the Orthodox notion of democracy is advocated and promoted by western agencies, international organisation and local elites to constitute a western neo-liberal, technical notion of democracy. Western institution and the ideals they embody are presented as universal but such claims are highly contested because “the proper use of which, inevitably involves endless dispute about their proper use on the part of their users.” This is therefore the reason why Chomsky sees this promotion of democracy as a method of controlling that is used by the guardians of the world.
In its pure form liberal democracy promotes a form of representative democracy where elected representatives that hold the decision of power are moderated by a constitution that emphasizes protecting individual liberties and the rights of minorities in society, such as freedom of speech and assembly, freedom of religion the right to private property and privacy as well as equality before the law. However a close examination seems to suggest that liberal democracy is not democratic or liberal at all because liberal democracy does not respect majority rule except when citizens are asked to vote for their representatives. Liberal democracy merely allows political competition between supposedly equa...
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...e condition they are placed under.
• B.Gills, J.Rocamora and R.Willson Low intensity Democracy: Political Power in the new world order, London Pluto 1993
• C.B. Macpherson, The Life and Times Of Liberal Democracy, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1977
• Colin Leys The Rise and fall of Development Theory: Indiana University Press 1996
• Robert Kent Bassett, Democracy, Anarchism, and the Spanish Revolution, Swarthmore College 2001
• C. Ake, The Unique Case of African Democracy’ International Affairs, 69 (2) 1993
• M.Mamdani, Africa: Democratic Theory and Democratic Struggles’ Dissent, Summer, 1992, 312-318
• B.Parekh, The Cultural Particularity of Liberal Democracy: Political Studies, XL (Special Issue), 1992, 160-175
• J-J. Barya. The New Political Conditionallities of Aid: An Independent View, IDS Bulletin, 24 (1) 1993
C.B.Macpherson, The Real World of Democracy Canadian Broadcasting Corporation, CBC Publication 1965
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