Essay about The Geography Of New Zealand

Essay about The Geography Of New Zealand

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The Geography of New Zealand

     The well-known country of New Zealand is a small, resourceful nation
located 1,000 miles off Australia's south east coast. New Zealand has an
impressive economy that continues to grow, a physical landscape that attracts
people from around the globe, and although small, New Zealand is a respected
nation for its advanced civilization and stable government. The geography of
this prestigious nation can be described through five principal categories, the
physical geography, the cultural geography, the citizens' standard of living,
the government, and the nation's economy.
     New Zealand is located in the southern hemisphere, with an absolute
location of 37 degrees south longitude to 48 degrees south longitude and 167
degrees east latitude to 177 degrees east latitude. It is composed of two major
islands named the North and South Islands, and the total land area of the nation,
approximately divided equally between the two islands, is 103,470 square miles.
Surprisingly, only 2 percent of the land area is arable. New Zealand has an
abundance of natural resources, explaining why the country is so wealthy
compared to other nations. These resources include fertile grazing land, oil
and gas, iron, coal, timber, and excellent fishing waters.
     New Zealand's climate is basically moderate year round because of the
nearby ocean that regulates the climate. New Zealand enjoys a marine west coast
climate, that on average produces sixty to eighty degree temperatures in January
and forty to sixty degree temperatures in July. Because it is surrounded by the
ocean, New Zealand receives immense quantities of precipitation on both islands.
The average annual precipitation on the North Island is thirty to forty inches
and on the South Island it is forty to fifty inches. This climate produces
mixed forests, mid-latitude deciduous forests, and temperate grassland
vegetation. The terrain is dominated by meadows, pastures, wood lands, and a
small chain of mountains called the Southern Alps. The land is blanketed with
small lakes and rivers that drain the highlands and empty into the ocean. The
extraordinary diversity of the physical geography found in the United States
seems to have been duplicated in this relatively small country, where...

... middle of paper ...

...r, and the exchange rate is 1.46 N.Z. dollars equals 1 U.S. dollar.
With a 6.2 percent economic growth rate, New Zealand could soon have one of the
top five economies in the world.
     New Zealand is among the world's finest countries, because of its
exquisite landscape and first-rate economy. With an excellent standard of
living, perfect climate, and majestic terrain, New Zealand for many people is an
ideal place to live. Every year hundreds of thousands of people tour New
Zealand just to catch a glimpse of what many proclaim to be paradise, and after
researching this report, I intend to someday be one of those tourists.

Works Cited

Baerwald, Thomas, and Celeste Fraser. World Geography: A World Perspective.
Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall, 1995.

"New Zealand." World Fact Book (1995). Site: 95fact/nz.html.

Compton's Learning Company. Compton's Living Encyclopedia. New York: Soft Key,

Famighetti, Robert. The World Almanac and Book of Facts 1997. United States:
World Almanac Books, 1997.

Novosad, Charles. The Nystrom Desk Atlas. Chicago: Division of Hereff Jones,
Inc, 1994.

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