The Four Political Parties Of Canada Essay

The Four Political Parties Of Canada Essay

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The Four Political Parties of Canada

     In a country as vast and as culturally diverse as Canada, many different
political opinions can be found stretched across the country. From the affluent
neighbourhoods of West Vancouver to the small fishing towns located on the east
coast of Newfoundland, political opinions and affiliations range from the left
wing to the right wing. To represent these varying political views, Canada has
four official national political parties to choose from: the Liberals (who are
currently in power), the Progressive Conservatives, the New Democrats, and the
Reform Party. What is particularly interesting is that none of the latter three
parties compose Her Majesty's Official Opposition in the House of Commons. The
Bloc Quebecois, a Quebec separatist party who only ran candidates in the
province of Quebec in the last federal election in 1993, won 54 seats in that
province, and claimed the title of Her Majesty's Loyal Opposition over the
Reform Party, who garnered only 52 seats. Because the Bloc ran candidates only
in Quebec, it would be difficult to think of them being a national political
party, even though they hold a significant number of seats in the national
legislature. This paper will examine the significant early history of Canada's
four main national political parties, and then will analyse their current state,
referring to recent major political victories/disasters, and the comparison of
major economic policy standpoints, which will ultimately lead to a prediction of
which party will win the next federal election in Canada.

     Starting on the far left, there is the New Democratic Party of Canada.
Today's modern New Democratic Party was originally called the Co-operative
Commonwealth Federation (CCF), and was founded in 1932. Originally led by a man
by the name of James Shaver Woodsworth, the CCF was formed by several radical
farming groups who found out that they had more similarities with each other
than just their destitution. The 1920's had been a dark period for radicals and
unions within Canada; poverty and significantly lower wages for workers were
prevalent, and apathy regarding these issues was rampant. When the depression
wove its destructive web across Canada in the 1930s, proponents of capitalism
were staggered, but their left-wing opponents were too busy coming to the aid o...

... middle of paper ...

... into the 21st century, however, will be made in the soon-to-be-
called Canadian federal election. Democracy will speak out once again.


(1996) A Fresh Start for Canadians [Online]. Available: [1997, Feb.25].

Guy, John J. People, Politics and Government. Scarborough: Prentice Hall, 1995.

Harrison, Trevor. Of Passionate Intensity. Toronto: University of Toronto
Press, 1995.

(1996) Liberal Party of Canada [Online]. Available: [1997, Feb.25].

Macquarrie, Heath. The Conservative Party. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart
Limited, 1965.

McMenemy, John, Winn, Conrad. Political Parties in Canada. Montreal: McGraw-
Hill Ryerson, 1976.

Morton, Desmond. The New Democrats, 1961-1986. Toronto: Copp Clark Pitman Ltd.,

(1996) New Democrats of Canada [Online]. Available: [1997, Feb.25].

Progressive Conservative Party of Canada. Designing a Blueprint for Canadians.
Ottawa, 1997.

(1996) Progressive Conservative Youth [Online]. Available: [1997, Feb.25].

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