Ronald Reagan and the End of the Cold War Essay example

Ronald Reagan and the End of the Cold War Essay example

Length: 1884 words (5.4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The cold war was a post-World War II struggle between the United States
and its allies and the group of nations led by the Soviet Union. Direct military
conflict did not occur between the two superpowers, but intense economic and
diplomatic struggles erupted. Different interests led to mutual suspicion and
hostility in a rising philosophy. The United States played a major role in the
ending of the cold war. It has been said that President Ronald Reagan ended the
cold war with his strategic defense policies.

In the year1949, Germany was divided by the victors of World War II and
they occupied different zones. The western regions united to form a Federal
republic and the Soviet eastern region became communist East Germany. The cold
war had begun. Berlin, the former capital of Germany was divided into East
Berlin and West Berlin but was located deep inside the soviet controlled zone.1

Then, in 1961, the Soviet government built a wall which separated the
two halves of the city. It was not until the 1980s that cold war tensions eased
through the glasnost (openness to public debate) polices of soviet leader
Mikhail Gorbachev. Finally, in November 1989, the wall crumbled under the hands
of the Germans and the cold war ended.2

The downfall of the cold war started when Ronald Reagan came into office
in 1981. Reagan had two main priorities. He wanted to cut taxes and increase
defense spending. He felt that the United States of America should take a
confrontational approach towards Russia.3

Mikhail Gorbachev was the leader of Russia in 1985. He wanted to improve
the Russian economy. He also wanted to improve relations with the United States.
He used his glasnost (openness to public debate) policy and perestroika
(restructuring) to help the Russian economy.4

Both leaders wanted a "margin of safety". Reagan took a tough stand
against Russia and it's allies. The soviets could clearly see that when Reagan
said he wanted a "margin of safety", he meant that the United States should be
superior to Russia. Moscow would not let this happen. They wanted equality.5

Reagan also believed that military power and respect for America abroad
were inseparable from economic strength. However, Reagan's defense policy
resulted in the doubling of the debt of the United States. He used the money for
new strategic ...


... middle of paper ...


...


References

1 Walter Lippman, The Cold War: A Study in U.S. Foreign Policy (New York: Harper & Brothers Publishers, 1947) 48-52.

2 Charles S. Maier, ed., The Cold War in Europe: Era of a divided Continent (New York: Markus Wiener Publishing, Inc., 1991) 27.

3 Ralph B. Levering, The Cold War (Illinois: Harlan Davidson, INC.,1988) 169.

4 Levering, 169

5 Levering, 169

6 John Young, Cold War Europe 1945-1989 (New York: Edward Allen, 1991) 26.

7 Levering, 171-2

8 Levering 173

9 "The End of the Cold War" http://usa.coldwar.server.gov/index/coldwar/ 2 Feb. 1997

10 http://usa.coldwar.server.gov/index/coldwar/

11 Young, 28

12 Young, 28

13 Tom Morganthou, "Reagan's cold war 'sting'?", Newsweek 32 August 1993: 32

14 Levering, 180

15"Ending the Cold War", Foreign Affairs Spring 1988: 24-25

16 Young, 28

17 Young, 29

18 Young, 29

19 Levering, 187-188

20 "Ending the Cold War", 27

21 "Ending the Cold War", 28

22 Brinkley, Alan An Uneasy Peace 1988-, Vol. 10 of 20th Century America, 10 vols. (New York: Grolier 1995):22

23 Brinkley, 30

24 "George Bush addresses Europe" http://www.rjgeib.com/thoughts/burke/ 13 March 1997.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on President Ronald Reagan And The Cold War

- Today we live in a world without a wall in the middle of Berlin, separating loved ones. A world not sentenced to a great depression. A world with America as a leading superpower in the world. Without Ronald Reagan, some of these things may not be. The President’s strive to end the Cold War drastically changed the world, saving lives, liberties, and possibly even the American way of life. Reagan’s efforts have sent America soaring, becoming a leading world power, militaristically, economically, and governmentally....   [tags: Ronald Reagan, Mikhail Gorbachev, Cold War]

Powerful Essays
1354 words (3.9 pages)

Essay on Ronald Reagan, a True Hero

- Ronald Reagan was a true hero to many Americans. He was a strong president who cared for this country dearly, and Reagan really proved this by his actions during his presidency. He also proved his love for country by serving in the U.S Army during World War II. Ronald Reagan also came through as a hero by fixing the American Economy that was heading for disaster just like today’s. If you can reflect on what he had accomplished throughout his administration you can clearly see why he was a popular two term president....   [tags: Ronald Reagan, heroes, history, ]

Powerful Essays
771 words (2.2 pages)

Essay on The Legacy Of Ronald Reagan

- Ronald Reagan, like many other presidents, had his successes and his failures while in office. He led the nation with a conservative agenda that a lot of critics disagreed with. Some of his actions can be called a success or a failure depending on who is looking at it. His successes included the tax cuts of 1981, appointing the first woman to the United States Supreme Court, reduced the amount of nuclear arms by signing a deal with the Soviet Union, made progress towards the end of the Cold War, got the Soviet Union to leave Afghanistan, released the Air Traffic Controllers who went on strike, the rescue mission in Grenada, the Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986, and the Strategic Defense Strategy...   [tags: Ronald Reagan, Mikhail Gorbachev, Cold War]

Powerful Essays
1100 words (3.1 pages)

Ronald Reagan And His Youth Essay example

- Final Exam Johanne Whittington ENG/147 November 10, 2014 11:59 Arizona time Robyn Rektor Final Exam An Ameri“can” President Thesis: Ronald Reagan learned during his youth that hard work and study, talent, and good morale “can” in fact, reward ones future. Our 40th Presidents gravestone says “I know in my heart that man is good, that what is right will always eventually triumph, and there is purpose and worth to each and every life." – Ronald Reagan. Reagan is recognized as a conservative icon to many Americans....   [tags: Ronald Reagan, President of the United States]

Powerful Essays
1283 words (3.7 pages)

The Legacy Of Ronald Reagan Essay

- ... The president at the height of this crisis was Jimmy Carter. Carter tried to reason with the American people by saying you have to change your shallow consumption. He was too genuine of a person to lie to the people so when he tried to lay it all out on the line, it backfired. In the middle of the storm, in rides Ronald Reagan. In the 1980 election, Reagan tells everyone what they want to hear. Despite the fact that inflation started to grow in 1965, well before Carter, Reagan used this to his advantage....   [tags: Ronald Reagan, President of the United States]

Powerful Essays
1115 words (3.2 pages)

The Reagan Doctrine Of President Reagan Essay

- Currents Events and U.S. Diplomacy Joseph D. Williams Professor Tracy Herman POL 300 International Problems August 17, 2016   The Reagan Doctrine The term “doctrine” definition is “A statement of authorized government policy, especially in overseas concerns and military strategy” (“Doctrine”, n.d.). The expression Presidential doctrine means an ideological platform that a president uses to spread a policy towards a country or region in order to accomplish foreign policy objectives for the United States....   [tags: Cold War, Mikhail Gorbachev, Ronald Reagan]

Powerful Essays
1123 words (3.2 pages)

Is Ronald Reagan Under or Overrated as a President? Essays

- ... His two terms during his presidency were marked by innovative and controversial to his approach to domestic policies. Reagan’s domestic policies were often characterized and criticized as voodoo economics or Reaganomics and can be forceful. His economics policies were based on tax cuts for the wealthy and deficit spending. President Ronald Reagan’s first national political scene was when he did a speech supporting the Republican presidential candidate Senator Barry Goldwater. The Cold War began in the mid 1940’s between the United States and the Soviet Union at the end of the Second World War....   [tags: reaganomics, cold war, military]

Powerful Essays
663 words (1.9 pages)

Ronald Reagan Essay

- In presidency, character is everything. Born on February 6, 1911, Ronald Reagan, “Dutch,” never knew that he would grow up to be famous. He served two terms as governor of California, but before that he starred in Hollywood films. Originally a liberal Democrat, Reagan ran for the U.S. presidency as a conservative Republican and won, his term beginning in 1980. Ronald Reagan became the oldest President elected when he took office as the 40th President of the United States. He was also the first U.S....   [tags: Biography, US President]

Powerful Essays
1139 words (3.3 pages)

Analysis Of Ronald Reagan 's The U.s. Administration Essay examples

- Essential Questions 1) Ronald Reagan won the U.S. administration in 1980, toward the end of 10 years of embarrassment and disappointment for the American individuals. Utilizing his approachable identity as an intense political weapon, Reagan served to restore trust in the nation 's future and went ahead to change over a great many Americans to his moderate political belief system. Amid the 1980s, Reagan directed a maintained financial recuperation, driven fundamentally by one of the immense buyer markets ever on Wall Street....   [tags: Cold War, Soviet Union, Mikhail Gorbachev]

Powerful Essays
1185 words (3.4 pages)

Essay on Ronald Reagan's Role in Ending the Cold War

- In the minds of many Americans Ronald Reagan is the president that ended the Cold War, but is this view accurate. They claim Reagan's unprecedented military spending forced the Soviets to crumble. However, many critics of the president's outspending theory claim that the Russian economy would have imploded without such spending, and a military buildup of that kind did nothing but delay peace. Although, Reagan's willingness to negotiate was a clear factor in ending the Cold War, his aggressive arms race may have done more to forestall peace than abet it....   [tags: Political Science]

Powerful Essays
1096 words (3.1 pages)