The Effect Of Third Party Candidates In Presidental Elections Essay examples

The Effect Of Third Party Candidates In Presidental Elections Essay examples

Length: 1611 words (4.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The Effect of Third Party Candidates in Presidental Elections


Although citizens of the United States have the opportunity to vote for
many different offices at the national, state, and local levels, the election of
the president of the United States every four years is the focal point of the
American political process. The American political system has maintained a two-
party system since its inception. Political scientists argue that a two-party
system is the most stable and efficient means of running a democratic nation as
a mono-party system leads toward tyranny, and a multi-party system creates over-
diversification and gridlock (Mazmanian 6). The Constitution of the United
States does not in any way limit the structure of the political system to two
parties. In fact, there has been no presidential election where there were only
two candidates; however, third-party candidates are rarely represented in a
majority of the states, and those that were on the ballot in a majority of
states have never been successful. However, on a few occasions, third party
candidates have been able to make a significant impact on the presidential
election process such as George Wallace in 1968 and H. Ross Perot in 1992.
Through nineteenth century there was little deviation from the traditional
two-party system. Until then, political candidates were utterly dependant upon
the political infrastructure of an established party for their campaigns. Until
the development of mass media technologies, including radio and television,
political candidates had no direct means of communicating with the public and
were thus dependant on the communications systems of the major parties. Thus,
third party movements lacked the capabilities to run an effective campaign
against the major parties.
However, mass media has changed the scope of the election process and
brought about the demise of the major political parties (Robinson 147).
Candidates who run a television dominated campaign have hurt their parties in a
number of ways. The media specialists who manage such campaigns tend to be
loyal to a candidate rather than to the candidate's party; as a result, the
campaign supports a single candidate and not the entire ticket of the party. In
addition, the heavy reliance on television allows a candidate to reach voters
directly, thereby weakening the traditional function of the party as an
info...


... middle of paper ...


...eed, Ross Perot and George Wallace had a
profound effect on the outcome of the elections they participated in, but Perot
had a more lasting effect. Ross Perot proved to the world that it is quite
plausible for a completely independent candidate to "walk into center stage and
steal the show" (Robinson 141). With the decline of the political parties and
their role in the campaign process, the possibilities for more successful
independent candidates can only increase. Eventually an independent will go
farther than swaying the outcome. One day an independent will win.

Works Cited

Brown, Gene. H. Ross Perot: Texas Billionaire. Vero Beach: Rourke Enterprises,
Inc, 1993.

Goldman, Peter and Tom Mathews. "The Manhattan Project". Newsweek (Special
Election Issue) November/December, 1992. pp.40-57

Jackson, David. "3rd party chances gauged" Dallas Morning News. November 5, 1992.


Mazmanian, Daniel A. Third Parties in Presidential Elections. New York: Franklin
Watts, 1974.

Murr, Andrew. "Superhero". Newsweek (Special Election Issue) November/December,
1992. pp.70-77.

Robinson, James W., ed. Ross Perot Speaks Out. Rocklin: Prima Publishing, 1992.
.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Strong Presidential Candidates

- How do people view strong presidential candidates. What does a person of power look like. What makes up this perception of a strong presidential candidate. These are all questions that have changed over the years that media has effected both negatively and positively. The primary way media has effected these perceptions relates to the theories of cognitive consistency and cognitive dissonance. So, what is cognitive consistency and how does it pertain to people’s views of a political leader. Cognitive consistency makes up how we define a good presidential candidate in America....   [tags: Cognitive Dissonance, Political History]

Strong Essays
1828 words (5.2 pages)

Essay Views of Third Parties and Independent Candidates

- Views of Third Parties and Independent Candidates The recent elections of Reform Party candidate - now governor - Jesse Ventura of Minnesota and Green Party candidate - now state legislator - Audie Bock of California, have highlighted the roles of third party and independent candidates in American politics. However, the successes of these two giants of minor party politics contrast with the political experiences of most candidates who are listed on the ballot without a "D" or an "R" next to their names....   [tags: Papers]

Strong Essays
2338 words (6.7 pages)

Essay on Political Campaign Advertisements Aid US Presidential Candidates

- Every four years, a new president is nominated by the citizens of the United States of America. This individual is deemed to be worthy of such hierarchy of a position. In some cases, it is believed that the public decide whom they desire for president before any form of campaigning occurs. On the contrary, to a number of voters, campaigns make or break a voter’s decision. Nevertheless, presidential campaigning can be extremely vital to the number of votes a candidate receives. Over the twentieth and twenty-first centuries, political campaign advertisements have commonly been used by candidates to grasp the attention of voters....   [tags: Commercials, Ads]

Free Essays
720 words (2.1 pages)

Essay on Presidential Candidates Media Efforts

- Presidential Candidates Media Efforts Senator John McCain, a Republican from Arizona, has had a long and distinguished career in both the military and in politics. A United States Naval Pilot and Captain who received the Silver Star, Bronze Star, Legion of Merit, and Purple Heart, McCain then moved onto the House of Representatives and Senate (“Biographical Data for John S. McCain”). In April of 1999, McCain announced his candidacy for President, stating his mission to “restore integrity into the office, reform government, and renew the American dream”(“The John McCain Story”)....   [tags: essays papers]

Strong Essays
991 words (2.8 pages)

Candidates for College Essay

- I’ve been greatly attracted to the idea of attending Denison College ever since I went to the College Fair in Aspen, CO last October and talked to your representatives there. A close friend of mine and her mother also visited Denison last spring and spoke highly of the exquisite beauty of the campus which sits on top of a ridge surrounded by many other hills, a different but appealing kind of terrain for me. They enjoyed the friendliness and helpfulness of the staff and students whom they encountered and the smallness of the classes they attended....   [tags: college, candidates,]

Free Essays
419 words (1.2 pages)

The Presidential Candidates Bush and Gore Essay

- The Presidential Candidates Bush and Gore Albert Gore is the 45th vice president of the United States. He was educated at Harvard University and Vanderbilt University Law school. In 1977, Gore was elected to the office of US representative from Tennessee. After seven years he became the state's US senator. He lost the election in 1988 when running for presidency. Apparently he won several primaries but his campaign appeared to be unfocused and unorganized. In 1993 he was nominated as Bill Clinton's running mate for that presidential election....   [tags: Papers]

Strong Essays
1781 words (5.1 pages)

Presidential Candidates: Division And Classification Essay

- Presidential Candidates: Division and Classification You could be the next presidential candidate. Sound good. You must file papers with the Federal Election Commission to run. You also have to pay the nominal filing fee charged to candidates entering the New Hampshire primary. That doesn¹t sound so difficult. Anyone who can accomplish these two tasks may run for President. Usually, some unlikely people do. This year, the candidates include people from Phil Gramm to Jack Mabardy(Who in the world might he be?)....   [tags: essays research papers]

Strong Essays
650 words (1.9 pages)

The Strengths and Weaknesses of the System of Choosing Presidential Candidates

- The Strengths and Weaknesses of the System of Choosing Presidential Candidates It seems reasonable to conjecture that the Achilles' heel of the modern presidency is one of recruitment. The long-winded delegate nomination process could in theory be replaced by a daylong direct election of presidential candidates. Instead, tradition dictates that the presidential race is drawn out quadrennially over the pre-primary, primary, Party Convention and campaign seasons. All four phases influence the outcome of candidate selection and much also depends on campaign finance, the role of the media and the nominees themselves....   [tags: Papers]

Strong Essays
1893 words (5.4 pages)

The Presidential Candidates Al Gore versus George Bush Essays

- The Presidential Candidates Al Gore versus George Bush The United States is in a very unusual situation right now as most people know. We still haven’t come up with a president. The effects of the candidate we elect for our next president may change my life and may not. If Bush is elected, everything I believe and stand up for will stay the same. I really hope he will become the next president because he will ensure the protection of my rights. If Gore were elected as our next president, my life could seriously be effected....   [tags: Papers]

Free Essays
587 words (1.7 pages)

Essay on Third Party Presidential Debates

- Third Party Presidential Debates The Second College Edition of The American Heritage Dictionary defines debate as; To engage in argument by discussing opposing points (American Heritage,369). Another definition is as follows; a formal contest of argumentation in which two opposing teams defend and attack a given proposition (American Heritage,369). The Random House College Dictionary offers this definition; To engage in formal argumentation or disputation with (another person, group, etc.) (Random House,342)....   [tags: Papers]

Strong Essays
2192 words (6.3 pages)