The Devlopment of Modern Africa Essay

The Devlopment of Modern Africa Essay

Length: 1588 words (4.5 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview




The Development of Modern Africa

     There are over 40 countries in sub-Saharan Africa and the wealth of natural resources and the prevalence of wealth in the northern segments of Africa have led many to speculate about the equity and economic development in the sub-Sahara. Unfortunately, the progression of economic, political and social factors in this region have done little to improve the overall conditions, and have instead demonstrated a consistent bias towards the government and the social elites that has impacted the chances of successful development in the region. Since the end of World War II, changes in the infrastructure, the political forces, and in the capacity for collective action in many of these countries has underscored what some have described as the “Africa crisis” (Stryker, 1986).
     One of the major issues that still remain in this region is the history of development in the sub-Sahara, generally traced back to the history of British rule, and the relinquishing of colonial control which led to greater regionalization. But there was little in place in terms of expansion planning or economic development in the period following the end of the Second World War, and it can be argued that the struggle for economic development is linked to existing and maintained inequities, based both on social conditioning and political control, that has weakened the agrarian force and impacted the development of industrialization.
During the 1980s, when many countries through out the world were experiencing the successful pull away from years of recession, the countries of the African sub-Sahara were not impacted by this positive transformation, and instead, it was posited that the decline in economic conditions would result in years of continued recession (Stryker, 1986). A number of theorists have attributed this crisis to different components of the politics, the economic base, and the social perspectives, as well as basic problems like the lowest world-wide life expectancy, lowest nutritional and literacy rates, lack of access to medical care, safe water supplies, and support services, and high population growth coupled by the highest infant mortality rates in the world (Stryker, 1986). It has been recognized that of the 40-50 poorest counties of the world, most (2/3) are located in the sub-Saha...


... middle of paper ...


...ility, the perception that reforms could somehow promote a major transformation within the varied communities of the sub-Sahara placed too great an emphasis on the process of development and too little emphasis on the impact that the division itself would have on existing communities.






Bibliography

Berry, Sara (1992, Summer). Hegemony on a shoestring: indirect rule and access to agricultural land. Africa, v62 n3, pp. 327(29).

Gyimah-Brempong, Kwabena (1992, May). Do African governments favor defense in budgeting? Journal of Peace Research, v29 n2, pp. 191(16).

Jaycox, Edward (1993, March). Structural adjustment spurs African development. Africa News, v38 n2-3, pp. 14(1).

Lonsdale, J.M. (1970). Nationalism and Traditionalism in East Africa. in Collins, R., Ed. Problems in the History of Colonial Africa, 1860-1960. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, Inc.

Seitz, Steven (1991, January-April). The military in black African politics. Journal of Asian and African Studies, v26 n1-2, pp. 61(15).

Stryker, Richard (1986). Poverty, inequality, and development choices in contemporary Africa. in Martin, P. and O’Meara, P., Eds. Africa. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about The Use of Witchcraft in Modern Tanzania

- Introduction Witchcraft has been rampant in various parts of Africa. However, the practice of witchcraft has been on the decline in modern society as compared to the period before the rise of colonialism (Toyin 250). In most part of Africa, there is a conglomeration of tribal healers, sorcerers, and wizard considered having different forms of powers in controlling the fate of society (Toyin 209). Consequently, this has led to the emergence of thousands of practitioners in different parts of Africa....   [tags: Africa, Modern Society, Colonialism]

Strong Essays
1617 words (4.6 pages)

Essay about Development Of The Apartheid Of South Africa

- Development of the apartheid in South Africa primarily began when the Dutch colonized the area during the 17th century. Furthermore, the sole purpose of the apartheid was to strategically enforce white supremacy by bringing upon segregation among the people of South Africa based on their race or ethnicity in which they had to identify as European, Indian, colored (mixed race), or African (“ Struggle”). By pushing aside the native population of the area, power was then overtaken by the whites whom believed they were superior; this consequently pushed non-whites into a system of oppression....   [tags: South Africa, Nelson Mandela]

Strong Essays
1143 words (3.3 pages)

The Poverty Of Sub Saharan Africa Essay

- The youth population in Sub-Saharan Africa is increasing rapidly. Nearly one in three people living in the region, or about 297 million, are between the ages of 10 and 24. The population of Sub-Saharan Africa has over 56 million people aged between 15 to 24, who have not yet completed primary school, and require many alternatives to be able to gain employment to survive. Youth unemployment remains a barrier to the region 's development. Some of the highest rates on the continent are in southern Africa, where 51% of young women and 43% of young men are unemployed (The World’s Youth, 2013)....   [tags: Africa, Education, Sub-Saharan Africa]

Strong Essays
2222 words (6.3 pages)

The Country Of South Africa Essay

- The main thing southeast Africa has to do to become more successful is gain more money for the government so they can do all kinds of development projects and overall just improve the nation. Also many countries have government scandals that lose them millions of dollars like Tanzania, so earning more cash could help fix that issue. There are a few things they can do to earn more cash. The first thing southeast Africa could do to earn more money is become more marketable for tourism or to live....   [tags: Africa, Madagascar, Human Development Index]

Strong Essays
1225 words (3.5 pages)

Underdevelopment of Africa Essay

- Underdevelopment of Africa Underdevelopment in Africa is a problem that has been plaguing the countries all over the continent for a very long time. It has so many negative effects on Africans. It has brought about so many consequences, but of all, the economy is the most affected sector because the economic sector controls all other aspect of the society. Underdevelopment in Africa is as a result of many contributing factors which include poverty, illiteracy, very large extended families, corruption and lack of accountability....   [tags: Africa]

Strong Essays
626 words (1.8 pages)

Essay on Spread of European Imperialism in Africa

- The 18th and 19th centuries were known as the height of Imperialism. European countries became more and more engaged in the “Scramble for Africa”. Nations including Britain, Spain, France, Portugal, Belgium, and Germany raced to conquer lands in Africa. Imperialism in Africa had many negative and positive effects on the conquered country. It brought modernized technology and certain reforms, while it also introduced racist laws, enforced harsh labors, and ruined the economies of many colonies. Although European imperialism in Africa brought modernized technology, Imperialism was not beneficial for Africa due to the social, economic, and political costs that the Europeans brought....   [tags: imperialism, african colonies, africa]

Strong Essays
931 words (2.7 pages)

Colonialism and Africa Essay

- Introduction Modern African states have several problems ranging from corruption, to armed conflict, to stunted structural development. The effects of colonialism have been offered as a starting point for much of the analysis on African states, but the question of why African states are particularly dysfunctional needs to be examined, given the extent to which they have lagged behind other former European colonies in many aspects. In the first section, I will consider the problems with African states from the level of the state....   [tags: African Countries, Post Colonial Africa]

Strong Essays
1698 words (4.9 pages)

Essay on Africa Hunger And Poverty Of Africa

- On a daily basis, first world countries worry about warfare, competing with other nations, and improving technology to better conditions. Despite living in a world where these near ideal countries exist, some nations still struggle with the ability to provide some of the most basic vital needs to its citizens. Africa, home to a plethora of cultures, is one region that has struggled with food security throughout history. Although other countries may overlook leftover food being tossed into landfills, some people, including many Africans, cannot afford such a luxury....   [tags: Poverty, Africa, Malnutrition, Starvation]

Strong Essays
2182 words (6.2 pages)

The Culture And Diversity Of Africa Essay

- In today’s world it is important to understand where we come from and to understand the opportunities that exists thru culture and diversity. With such an interconnected world we must be able to learn to communicate with individuals who come from a diverse set of cultures and traditions. By having respect for diversity and having global awareness means that one can appreciate and respect someone’s personal and cultural differences. It also means that we are aware of diverse needs, feelings and views of other people around us....   [tags: Africa, Poverty, World, Continent]

Strong Essays
1071 words (3.1 pages)

Modern Art And Modern Culture Essay

- Abstract Painting and design are significant parts of art, although both belong to different categories, they have close relation. In such aspects as creation concept, techniques, painting and design have interaction and serve each other. Not simply refers to a variety of art and modern art genre, it is a reflection of a complex social ideological trend, profoundly affected the western social ideology, but also affect other areas. Modern art provides a rich and more formal language for graphic design, promoted the expression of graphic design and the formation of new style, as well as provides a rich nutrition for modern design....   [tags: Cubism, Collage, Modern art, Georges Braque]

Strong Essays
1224 words (3.5 pages)