Egyptians did not want to die. They saw no reason why life should not go on when they were dead. When the Egyptians thought about what happened when they died, they decided that there would be another life in store for them. A life that lasts forever, just like their life on earth, with parties, hunting, games, and good meals. What is the definition of a mummy? Egyptians wanted to cheat death. They had to do many things to achieve the gift of rebirth into the after-life. They had to stay on the right side of the gods, and learn the correct magic spells. If the Egyptians wanted to cheat death, their bodies had to be carefully preserved, for all time. The most important part of a person was thought to be his or her spirit, or double, known as the “ka.”
The ka was created at the same time as the physical body. The ka existed in the physical world and resided in the tomb. It had the same needs that the person had in life, which was to eat, drink, etc. The Egyptians left offerings of food, drink, and worldly possessions in the tombs for the ka to use.
The second important aspect was the person’s personality or “ba.” Like a person’s body, each ba was an individual. It entered a person’s body with the
breath of life and it left at the time of death. It moved freely between the underworld and the physical world. The ba had the ability to take on different forms.
The last and final aspect was the person’s immortality or “akh.” The akh
was the aspect of a person that would join the gods in the underworld being
immortal and unchangeable. It was created after death by the use of funerary
text and spells, designed to bring forth the akh. Once this was achieved that
individual was assured of not “dying a second time”, a death that would mean
the end of one’s existence.
An intact body was an integrate part of a person’s afterlife. Without a
physical body th...
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...and the facial expressions are the same. You can see that the eyes are looking straightforward. They are both two-dimensional. It has the head an eagle but this one has it on its forehead and the mummy has it below the chest area. Nevertheless, they both have the same animal on them. A different sculpture would be Chefren. In this one, the sculptors approach to the anatomy and material is realistic; the details are still shown with great accuracy. In this sculpture, a falcon instead of an eagle is protecting him. The falcon is right behind his head, not in front like the other two. It is a portrait not of an individual but the concept of divine power unlike how the others were portraits of important people.
This mummy from ancient Egypt shows their belief in the afterlife and it shows a complex art and science of mummification. The painted mummy case shows how the sculptor wanted the person to see the life this person portrayed. The hieroglyphics inscriptions and painted scenes identify this mummy as a Paankhenamun, a doorkeeper in the temple of the god Amun. Therefore, The central scene shows the eagle-headed god Horus presenting Paankhenamun to Osiris, ruler of the afterlife.
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