Prior to the August 2, 1990 invasion of Kuwait on the part of Iraq, the
United States had questionable relations with Iraq dictator, Saddam Hussein, to
say the least. In retrospect, which is inherently advantageous as a 20/20
perspective, questions remain unanswered as to whether or not the United States
was too appeasing to Saddam Hussein in the years, months, and days leading up to
that early August morning. There remains to this day lingering questions as to
the role that the US Ambassador to Iraq, April Glaspie, played in conveying the
Administration's message to the Iraqi leader. In addition, questions
surrounding the Administrators official policy, the calculations (or
miscalculations) on the part of the State Department and other agencies within
the US government, the Administrations covert plan to aid an Italian bank in
illegal loans to benefit Saddam's military and the advice that the US received
from other Arab nations with respect to what US relations should be with Iraq in
terms of any impending border dispute, constitute a limited context of the
issues that faced the Administration as it tried to deal with the leader of the
largest economy of the Persian Gulf region.
The Bush Administration's relations with Iraq prior to its invasion of
Kuwait were clouded in a context of misperception by both states and further
complicated by a lack of credibility on the part of key actors of both sides as
well. This tragic sequence of events that led to the invasion of Kuwait cannot
solely be attributed to personality traits or even actions by key individuals
within the Administration. In retrospect, it is much more complex than that.
However, the actions and public and private statements on the part of key
personnel on both sides most likely contributed to the eventual invasion of
Kuwait by Iraq in 1990.
Since, a brief, yet modest account of the history of the events leading
up to the invasion and the invasion in itself along with the regional and global
actors has been offered in section A, section B will be an analysis of the role
of misperception and questions of credibility with respect to key actors on both
sides of the issue, from State Department officials to Saddam Hussein himself.
While touching on the importance and significance of o...
... middle of paper ...
6 Glaspie, April, Opening Remarks, Hearing by the Senate Foreign Relations
7 Iraqi Government, Excerpts from Iraqi Document on Meeting with US Envoy, "The
New York Times, 9/23/90, p.19
8 Sciolino, Elaine, "US Gave Iraq Little Reason Not to Mount Kuwait Assault,"
The New York Times, 9/23/90, p.A1
9 Sciolino, Elaine, "US Gave Iraq Little Reason Not to Mount Kuwait Assault,"
The New York Times, 9/23/90, p.A1
10 Sciolino, Elaine, "US Gave Iraq Little Reason Not to Mount Kuwait Assault,"
The New York Times, 9/23/90, p.A1
11 Sciolino, Elaine, "US Gave Iraq Little Reason Not to Mount Kuwait Assault,"
The New York Times, 9/23/90, p.A18
12 Sciolino, Elaine, "US Gave Iraq Little Reason Not to Mount Kuwait Assault,"
The New York Times, 9/23/90, p.A18
14 Friedman, Thomas, "US Explains View of Envoy to Iraq," The New York Times,
3/22/31, p.A9, col. 1
15 Sciolino, Elaine, "Envoy's Testimony on Iraq is Assailed," The New York Times,
7/13/91, p.A1, col.1
16 Sciolino, Elaine, "Envoy's Testimony on Iraq is Assailed," The New York Times,
7/13/91, p.A4, col.1
17 McAllister, J.F.O., "The Lessons of Iraq," Time, 11/2/92, pp.57-59
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Iraq Invasion of Kuwait vs U.S Iraq War Iraq and Kuwait have a long history; Kuwait played a huge part in the Iran-Iraq war, mostly financially. Open warfare began on September 22, 1980; Iraq claimed Iran shelled a number of border posts on September 4, 1980. Kuwait funded Iraq during the Iraq-Iran war, which caused tension between the two nations when Iraq couldn’t pay the $14 billion dollars back to Kuwait when it was time to settle their debt. The Iraqi government asked Kuwait to forgive the debt, as they could not afford to pay, Kuwait refused to forgive the debt, which increased tensions between the two nations.... [tags: warfare, international community, democracy]
1164 words (3.3 pages)
- The war between Iraq and Iran initiated in 1980 and it lasted eight years (3). The invasion of Kuwait started on the second of August 1990. There are reasons and consequences for this invasion that I am going to talk about in this essay In 1980 Kuwait, feared the dominance of Persian in the Gulf area had no option but to support Iraq financially and act as a life tube to the Iraqi military (3).Kuwait sent medical supplies to the wounded Iraqi soldiers and food during these eight years (3). At the end of the Persian-Iraq war, Iraq managed to keep its country and pride safe, but suffered greatly both financially and humanly (2).... [tags: kuwait, iraqui military, persian ]
922 words (2.6 pages)
- Introduction Soldiers falling, bullets flying, tensions rising, the Persian Gulf War was a significant war in terms of modern American history. The Cold War was a time of unease throughout the nation, from the end of World War Two in 1945 to the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991. After the Vietnam War ended poorly in the early 1970s, the United States remained out of war for another 20 years. When Iraq was threatening to invade Saudi Arabia in late 1990, the United States knew it had to intervene.... [tags: Kuwait, Irak, Hussein]
2220 words (6.3 pages)
- ... This source shows the devastating impact of the oil fires on the Kuwaiti environment as wells as giving information on the pollution caused by the fighting that occurred during the war. Furthermore the source gives detailed information and statistics on the cause the oil wells had on the environment. In addition the source has information taken from ministries in Kuwait and by Kuwaiti authors, making the information accurate. However, this source has some limitations. The source is not a primary source meaning the majority of the information was taken from studies and statistics provided, causing a slight problem in reliability.... [tags: pollutiion created by oil fires]
1663 words (4.8 pages)
- ... In addition to Hussein’s speech, the Iraqi troops had already started to gather along the border of Kuwait, ready to invade. President Hosni Mubarak of Egypt was alarmed by this, and started negotiations between the two parts to try to avoid nasty things to happen, and to keep the US from getting involved, but after only two hours, he had to give up, and on August 2 1990, he ordered the invasion of Kuwait. Hussain thought he had is fellow Arab stated on his side when the invasion started, but this was a big miscalculation.... [tags: persian gulf, united nations, coalition]
795 words (2.3 pages)
- It’s the heat of the Gulf War: January 17, 1991, Congress has just given permission to the president, George Bush Senior, to wage war on Iraq. They want to put an end to the invasion of Kuwait for good, and to prevent Saddam Hussein from seizing the oil fields of Kuwait. Saddam Hussein, the Iraqi president called the upcoming war “the great duel, the mother of all battles.” Bush said that “This will not stand this aggression against Kuwait.” But what was the Gulf War about anyway. To learn more about the Gulf War Oil Spill, it is vital to know the context and background of this event.... [tags: war on iraq, bush, kuwait]
1099 words (3.1 pages)
- ... And what does the performance of a group of people are in a position to perform other persons will be admitted in the future, if this provision in advance came on a discriminatory basis has nothing to do with the quality of work but also by the kind of humanitarian. Analysis of case Clearly the illegality of this Declaration is not justification for the distinction between equally qualified persons per legal centers, with fulfillment of all legal requirements required in the job. In this Declaration the Administration use its deviation to the difference in treatment between the prevalence of legal positions and creating differentiation through the Palace to receive requests from the le... [tags: constitution, rights, kuwait women]
910 words (2.6 pages)
- Read my lips: no new taxes. These few simple words invoked the American public to elect a man who grew up in a small town in Massachusetts to be the most powerful man in the world. This man is George Herbert Walker Bush. George grew up in Milton, Massachusetts a small town near the Quincy Bay and the Neponset River. His father was a banker and later became a politician who represented Connecticut in the Senate from 1952 until 1963. He attended Phillips Academy of Boarding School in Boston. There he demonstrated his strong sense of leadership through holding many high positions such as president of the senior class, secretary of the student council, president of the community fund-raising gr... [tags: ronald reagan, crisis in kuwait, hussein]
883 words (2.5 pages)
- ... The exact date of the invasion stands at 2nd August 1990 when about one-hundred thousand Iraqi troops entered Kuwait and started this war. An interesting fact is that during the Iran-Iraq war of 1980, Kuwait was an ally of Iraq. The man behind this attack was Iraqi dictator, Saddam Hussein. He considered the United Arab Emirates and Kuwait in an economic battle against Iraq. Oil production, oil prices, the Iraqi debt owed to Kuwait, and the aims of Iraq to increase its control in Kuwait served as a trigger for this attack.... [tags: Irak invasion of Kuwait, US intervention]
1228 words (3.5 pages)
- Trading with Kuwait Kuwait is one of the world's richest countries. Kuwait is a small nation located in the Middle East at the northwestern tip of the Persian Gulf. The nation of Kuwait dates back to the 17th century. Kuwait is considered a small country that has a considerable amount of petroleum. In the past, Kuwait was engaged in several wars over territory but the country was able to overcome the downfalls. Kuwait is a small country with an area of land measuring 6,880 sq miles. The terrain of Kuwait is considered a flat desert plain with several small hills.... [tags: Kuwait Culture]
807 words (2.3 pages)