There are many great philosophical ideas and questions that are known and of course unknown. One of the questions that really enticed my interest was the question of whether or not we have free will. I myself was once a believer of people having free will and doing what I want was my choice and my choice alone. However, after careful consideration and lectures I have been reversed in how I believe in free will. Is there any free will though? Many people would say yes there is and of course there are some who believe that free will is a fallacy and not to be believed. Whether or not there is free will is yet to be determined but what we have to go on and by is from philosophers and every person who has their two cents to fill in. In this discussion of philosophy there will be points made for and against the establishment of free will and basis for judgement of free will exists or not.
Spinoza, Paul, Augustine, Luther have all grappled with this question of free will for many years. What has been said goes to a religious side. Which has been believed of an omnipotent God who will preordain who would be saved and who would be lost. In the simple but complex question in the book of whether or not you slept in late or not, and has been said that God knew you would. With the explanation of the book in its words go as follows; “This...
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- Baruch de Spinoza, or as later known by Benedictus de Spinoza, was a 17th century philosopher that came under much hostility because of his renunciation of the accepted religious perceptions of god. This is not to say that Spinoza repudiated god’s existence, on the contrary, Spinoza considered himself to believe in god, but in a different more natural sense. Spinoza received much denunciation and criticism for his beliefs from religious figure heads. He was excommunicated from the Jewish community because his ideas were contrary and revolutionary to the traditional Jewish religion.... [tags: Philosophy]
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- In his book on ethics, Spinoza spends some time focusing on the nature of emotions. The emotions that Spinoza first focused on were passive emotions that were not based on adequate ideas but on inadequate ideas. Explaining how easy it is for humans to be driven into certain directions governed by certain passions, showing the inability of humans to sometimes control their own passions. Spinoza did not just only want to describe these emotions but also wanted to show the strengths in human emotions.... [tags: reason, passion, evil]
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- Baruch Spinoza The task of simply just surviving is for most of us a handful in itself in this life. However, only a few in a life time choose not to be satisfied with only just survival rather they assume the yoke of redefining life for themselves and for others. In philosophy of religion, pantheism is usually in conflict with traditional religious authority, which claims that the pantheistic belief is nothing more than a blasphemous form of idolatrous worship. A man by the name Benedictus (Baruch) Spinoza took it upon his shoulders to construct an explainable theory of this deistic belief and as a result earned the name of the father of Pantheism.... [tags: History]
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- Modern day Judaism is split into several different fractions whose looks and values are very different. Though this has become the accepted standard in Judaism, it was not always that way. Freedom of religious thought in Judaism was looked at as an evil, and preaching these ideas could lead to excommunication from the community. This was the fate of one of the most relevant 17th century philosophers in today’s world, Baruch Spinoza. Though it is impossible to say if Spinoza would have been in support of one of the more liberal and free thinking sects of modern Judaism, this paper will argue that Spinoza changed the course of Jewish theology with his preachings and creation of the idea of the... [tags: Religion]
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- The query of both Mendelssohn’s and Spinoza’s liberalism is valuable: it asks us to elucidate the relationship between both philosophers’ political dogmas and one of the most important political developments of our time, liberalism. In the Theological-Political Treatise, Spinoza sought to enfeeble the grasp of religion over the individual and encouraged Jews to discard their exclusive adherence to their own beliefs in favor of a universal system based upon natural law. While both Spinoza and Mendelssohn wished to secure freedom of thought, Mendelssohn desired to guarantee the freedom of religion as well.... [tags: Philosophy, Religion, Politics]
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- Part 1: Choose one or two of the Spinoza´s Fourth Part of Ethics and explain the sense of the proposition. Add to your explanation an example and finally your own critical assessment of Spinoza 's position. Proposition 53: In “Of Human Bondage, or the Strength of Emotions” (Part IV), proposition 53 states “Humility is not a virtue; that is, it does not arise from reason” (Spinoza, pp. 183). In this proposition Spinoza is explains how humility does rise from virtue or reason. Rather, the humility we experience is actually pain that we perceive from our understanding of our own weakness.... [tags: Plato, Truth, Fear, Knowledge]
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- My Personal Philosophy There are many philosophies and beliefs that can be acknowledged and discussed in this world. Some made up and some that are supported by straight on evidence. Some most would disagree with and others most would agree with. One thing I strongly believe is that there is no right or wrong belief or philosophy, as long as you have reason to what you are speaking of. You believe what you want to believe. Everyone thinks differently. The main three topics I will share my beliefs about are reality, society and fate.... [tags: Plato, Nietzsche, Baruch Spinoza]
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- Comparing Spinoza’s Ethics and Dostoyevsky’s Notes from the Underground Perhaps my choice of the subject may come across as a little eccentric, to say the least. To appear quaint and whimsical, however, is not my intention, so I figured as an introduction, I would explain my choice. From so far as I can tell, philosophy, or the search for truth, has all too often been equated with certainty. This quality of certainty has been especially magnified in the rationalist branch of philosophy. Starting with Descartes’ vision of a philosophy with a mathematical certainty, rationalists claimed to have grasped a rather large portion of reality, including the world, God, consciousness, and whatever f... [tags: comparison compare contrast essays]
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- For Spinoza, the freedom of the human will hinges on its ability to act independently of desire and appetite, to control the body with will. Spinoza questions this idea of control by examining the nature of the body, namely if it can be completely understood, and thereby controlled. Sleepwalking is a prime example of an ability held by the body that functions in the absence of the will of the mind, thus Spinoza concludes the nature of the body is yet to be determined. After finding that no one has rightly determined or explained all of the possible qualities of the body, he writes, “this shows well enough that the body itself, simply from the laws of its own nature, can do many things which... [tags: Metaphysics, Free will, Mind, Philosophy]
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- Coming to Terms with Free Will Neurobiologists would like to treat the brain as a machine, tinkering with its parts and seeing how they interact as a mechanic might with a car engine. This kind of treatment works in many ways: when neurobiologists act like car mechanics they often succeed in explaining how our mental spark plugs interact with our mental pistons, and thus can perform useful tune-ups on the brain, along with other practical achievements. But to fully understand the brain, we must admit that in certain respects it is a very unique sort of machine, and one which raises problems unsolvable by car mechanic strategies.... [tags: Neurological Neurology Essays]
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