South Korea, officially known as the Republic of Korea, country in
northeastern Asia that occupies the southern portion of the Korean Peninsula.
South Korea is bounded on the north by North Korea; on the east by the Sea of
Japan; on the southeast and south by the Korea Strait, which separates it from
Japan; and on the west by the Yellow Sea. It has a total area of about 38,023 sq.
mi., including numerous offshore islands in the south and west, the largest of
which is Cheju (area, 1829 sq. km/706 sq. mi.). The state of South Korea was
established in 1948 following the post-World War II partitioning of the
peninsula between the occupying forces of the United States in the south and the
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) in the north. The capital and largest
city of South Korea is Seoul.
In contrast to North Korea, South Korea is relatively poor in mineral
resources. The principal resources are coal (mostly anthracite), iron ore, and
graphite. Other minerals include gold, silver, copper, lead, tungsten, zinc, and
uranium. Reserves of natural gas have been discovered offshore. These minute
resources are not as depended upon by the people of South Korea as in the North.
The north is heavy in mining these resources because they have a large surplus
of them, and the north is not; they have moved on and found other economical
The population of South Korea (1995 estimate) is about 45,182,000 people.
The country's estimated population density of 1188 per sq mi is one of the
highest in the world. The majority of the population lives in the southern and
western coastal areas. The annual rate of increase has dropped steadily from
more than 3 percent in the late 1950s to 0.8 percent in the mid-1990s.
Urbanization of the country has proceeded rapidly since the 1960s, with
substantial rural to urban migration; approximately 78 percent of the population
is now classified as urban. Since the establishment of North Korea, some 4
million immigrants have crossed the border to South Korea. This increase has
been partly offset by emigration from South Korea, especially to Japan and the
The country's chief industrial center is Seoul (population, 1990,
10,612,577). Other major cities include Pusan (3,798,113), the principal
seaport; Taegu (2,229,...
... middle of paper ...
...a is the won (806.8 won equal U.S.$1;
1994). The Bank of Korea is the bank of issue.
Following the disruption of trade during the Korean War (1950-1953) and
its aftermath, exports increased at the remarkable annual rate of 27.2 percent
from 1965 to 1980 and 14.7 percent from 1980 to 1988. Major imports include
industrial machinery, petroleum and petroleum products, chemical products,
transportation equipment, raw materials (such as wood and raw cotton), and
electronic components. Exports include electrical machinery, fabrics,
telecommunication and sound equipment, electronic microcircuits, clothing, ships,
automobiles, chemicals, office machines, and footwear. Annual imports in the
early 1990s were valued at $83.8 billion and exports were worth $82.2 billion.
Principal trading partners for exports were the United States, Japan, Hong Kong,
Germany, Singapore, Great Britain, Canada, and Australia; chief partners for
imports were Japan, the United States, Germany, Saudi Arabia, Australia, and
To sum this up, South Korea is a very industrial, high-export country.
It has many people, so they can have huge factories and be very productive.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Since their split with the South in 1945 North Korea has become increasingly isolated and has remained the greatest source of instability in the region. Labeled an axis of evil by the US, North Korea continues to alienate themselves from the international community through numerous antics. First, following their withdrawal from the non-proliferation treaty in 2003, North Korea undertook three nuclear tests in 2006, 2009, and 2013, and has now collected a nuclear arsenal despite the world’s clear message forbidding this very thing .... [tags: North Korea, South Korea, Korea, Korean War]
1068 words (3.1 pages)
- The Reunification of North and South Korea is inevitable, but only with time, will they be able to do so peacefully. The reunification of North and South Korea cannot happen for a very, very long time. Otherwise the people, the government, and the rest of the world will be at serious risks within themselves through the economy and government. Waiting a few decades or so till the reunification will save North and South Korea as well as other counties from being in even more debt. If North and South Korea decided they wanted to reunite in the next decade for some reason, they will need to have more money.... [tags: North Korea, South Korea, Korean language, Korea]
1007 words (2.9 pages)
- South Korea Historians around the globe have been trying to understand culture for centuries. The definition of culture is “the behaviors and beliefs characterized of a particular social, ethnic, or age group.” An individual might also say that technology, economy, government, and other cultural facts that can make a unique contrast of one group of people from one region of the world from another. Cultures have developed significantly across the continents since the beginning of time. These unique differences are because of physical terrain, weather, resources available and even years of change due to hostile conflict or maybe even a natural disaster.... [tags: South Korea, Korean War, Korea]
1306 words (3.7 pages)
- Culture, what is culture. Scholars around the world have been trying to define culture for thousands of years. The dictionary definition of culture is “the behaviors and beliefs characteristic of a particular social, ethnic, or age group.” One might also say that technology, economy, government, and other information that can make a distinction of one group of people from another. Cultures have developed very differently across the world since the birth of civilization. These unique differences are because of physical terrain, weather, resources available and even years of change due to conflict.... [tags: South Korea, Korean War, Korea]
1288 words (3.7 pages)
- Over half million years ago, in the first century B.C. Korea once was a great nation. Three kingdoms ruled. They were the Guguryeo, Baekje, and Silla. The entire peninsula and some of Manchuria were at their beck and call, but since time has changed throughout history, it is now said that Korea was once a great nation as a whole, but now it has become two separate countries with many changes that were highly valued. Those changes that were highly valued are the foundations that lead the two countries, but the one that has changed the most is South Korea.... [tags: World History, Korean History, North South Korea]
1366 words (3.9 pages)
- The existence of two separate state entities on the Korean peninsula has provided the world with a long history of seemingly static tension. The ongoing friction between North and South Korea leaves a lot of apprehension and doubts of if a successful and peaceful unification is even possible. Looking back, it’s clear the severely divergent directions the military regimes in the north and south headed is part of the catalyst to the current state of the Korean peninsula. The division’s presence becoming increasingly obvious as South Korea economic presence strengthened, and their standing in the global sphere rose.... [tags: North Korea, South Korea, Kim Jong-il, Korea]
977 words (2.8 pages)
- This paper is going to examine the culture of South Korea. It will discuss the political standing of the country as it pertains to the rest of the world. This paper also will see how that South Korea has entered into agreements with other countries to learn and teach military superiority. It will look at the decline and rapid growth of South Korea’s economy. Finally it will discuss the social stratification of the people summing up why the country is the way it is today. South Korea, the land of the morning calm.... [tags: South Korea, Korea, Korean War, North Korea]
1239 words (3.5 pages)
- The Korean wave is regarded by the author as a regionally specific phenomenon that does not have many modern comparisons other than the American culture spread. It is bringing on new global transformations and has the effect of blurring the boundaries between cultures, which could be considered very effective cultural globalization. A South Korean student is quoted as saying, "we feel like we can live like them in a few years,” which is in reference to the American’s and their rather unique, consumer oriented lifestyle.... [tags: South Korea, Korean War, Cinema of Korea]
726 words (2.1 pages)
- Among the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development signed countries, South Korea leads with the highest rate of suicide. More than fourteen thousand South Koreans took their own lives in 2012 (Brown). During the years 2009 and 2010, a total of nearly thirty thousand people committed suicide. These thousands of suicides are often caused by issues within the social structure, almost unreachable standards of South Korea and other miseries. South Korea’s people consider suicide a growing and major problem of their society and culture and take many initiatives to aid in the possible saving of many lives.... [tags: South Korea, Suicide Rate, People, Culture]
991 words (2.8 pages)
- South Korea Sociocultural Report South Korea is a country in East Asia, on the southern half of the Korean Peninsula. To the north, it is bordered by North Korea, with which it was united until 1945 (Oberdorfer, 1997).To the west, across the Yellow Sea, lies China, and to the southeast, across the Korea Strait, lies Japan. By far the largest city is the capital, Seoul; approximately one-third of the country’s population lives in or near the capital (Cordesman, 2002).The population is overwhelmingly ethnic Korean; roughly half are non-religious, with the remainder divi... [tags: South Korea Culture]
901 words (2.6 pages)