Essay about South Africa

Essay about South Africa

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South Africa


Introduction

     Energy is defined as something that creates action. Energy has always
been a necessity, because everything requires it in one way or another to work.
Without energy, there could bo no electricity, no modern convieniences, or
industrialization. Unfortunatly, energy usually means that are negative impacts
on the environment. Some of the environmental impacts include, air pollution,
land pollution, water pollution, noise pollution, and general aesthetic problems.
I plan to come up with a plan to make South Africa's resources last, with
minimal effects on the environment, which is cost effective, as well as
realistic.

Current Energy Profile

     South Africa is a nation with many reasources. It has many mines, that
mine many different minerals, including coal, uranium, and diamonds. South
Africa only has six-percent of the total population in Africa, but it produces
sixty-percent of it's energy.
     Coal mines fill the country. It currently has more than sixty open mines
open. In total, the country has 121,218 million tons of coal, and 55,333 million
tons of that are projected reserves. Coal currently supplies 84% of South
Africa's electricity.
     Suth Africa has been looking to develop and find more sources of
natural gas, and oil. Large amounts of gas were recently found at Mossel Bay on
the south coast. The reserves are large enough to produce 25,000 of diesel and
petrol a day for thirty years.
     South Africa has one nuclear power plant. It also has a large supply of
Uranuim, which is a by product of copper mining. It has 247,600 metric tons of
recoverable uranium with a cost of less than $80.00 per ton. It has 96,800 at a
cost of less than $130.00 per ton, and provides 14% of the western world's
uranium.
     Renewable resources only supply 5% of the total energy. It has three
hydro-electric plants. More aren't being developed, because there would have to
be many dams, and resivoirs built. It also lies in a dry area of Africa.
     South Africa's currently uses 3,756 miilion GJ of energy a year. It is
broken up by, 48% for industry, 24% for transportation, 17% by households, 8%
by the mining industry, and 3% for agriculture.
   &...


... middle of paper ...


...nerators don't require many workers
to run them. I propose that 20% of the electricity should come from wind by 2025.


Solar Power:
     South Africa also has a good potential for solatr power. It has a high
average tempertaure, and is a dry country, which means it is usually sunny. The
cost are more expensive than other power sources, but there are no environmental
costs, and it will never run out. The only pollution it has is the dicarding of
batteries, and that isn't very often, and with new ways of disposing batteries
it is very safe. I propose 25% of the power to be supplied from the sun.

Coal:
     Coal needs to be discontinued slowly. The expotation of coal, is
extremely important to the economy. It would have to be dicontinued slow enough,
so that all the people working in all the aspects that relate to coal could find
new jobs. Coal still needs to provide a large part of electricity production.
The coal the country has is the cleanest burning, and supplies the most heat,
this is good. Mainly coal just needs to be used less, so that it will last
longer. I would like to see that by 2025, only 30% of the power be from coal.

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