Socrates Essays

Socrates Essays

Length: 3023 words (8.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Socrates
Philosophy was both serious and dangerous, Socrates chose to ignore both. Ignoring the first made him one of the most engaging of all philosophers, ignoring the second was to cost him his life. He was born in a middle class home in Athens, in 470 BCE. His parents were Phaenarete and Sophroniscus. His mother had a reputation for her patient and intuitive skill in delivering babies in and around the neighborhood. The latter, his father was a craftsman, stonecutter by trade.
     As a young boy, Socrates was teased in school about his appearance, and often would prey to the Gods to make him beautiful both inside as well as outside. He was known for asking many questions as a child, because he was very curious about things, what they were, what importance they had? Crito noticed that Socrates in a way was beginning to think as a philosopher, always looking for the meaning of things.
     As Socrates gradually began to mature and grow older, he did not see much of his friends. They would always be down at the gymnasium working seriously at the outdoor exercises. He did not like to work out like his friends or be a stonecutter like his father because he knew that sort of thing was not for him. He thought about everything in a more abstract way.
     The Gods during Socrates time seemed to be further away from humanity, they did not disguise themselves as humans to help or punish them anymore (1). He only knew of them from old stories, myths, and Homer. He had a voice in him that stopped him from doing certain things as he was about to, and he thought that that was gift from the gods. He knew that goodness was the very mark of the gods and that is why he tried his best to be just towards everything and everybody.
     As a teen Socrates talked and studied with many other accomplished scientists and philosophers, whose names are not known. Later, from when he was eighteen to twenty-four he was in the military in the beginning of the Peloponnesian War. Along with, the rest of the army, he walked fourteen miles in one day to make it to Athens on time. In the tents, he always won the philosophical arguments between his friends, for he had pondered the subjects himself many times. If it had not been for Pythion, an experienced guide of Greece, they would probab...


... middle of paper ...


...its represent Socrates as the great ironist of philosophy. He knows but ironically denies that he knows. He teaches but ironically denies that he teaches. He claims that knowledge is identical to virtue, ironically disclaiming the one yet implying that he possesses the other. Even when he is on trial for his life, he is what he says he is not and is not what he says he is. He is perpetually masked in order to stir up in those he examines a fertile and productive search for virtue. (8)

ENDNOTES
1Cora Mason, Socrates: The Man Who Dared To Ask (Boston: The Beacon Press, 1957) 22-27.
2Plato, The Trial and Death of Socrates: Four Dialogues (New York: Dover Publications, 1992) 20-25.
3Plato 30-35.
     4Plato 41.
     5Leo Strauss, Socrates and Aristophanes (New York/London: Basic Books Inc., 1966) 311.
     6Strauss 14.
     7James W. Hulse, The Reputations of Socrates (New York: Peter Lang Publishing Inc., 1995) 0.
     8C.D.C. Reeve, Socrates in the Apology: An Essay on Plato’s Apology of Socrates (Indianapolis/Cambridge: Hackett Publishing Company, 1989) 184.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Socrates, Socrates And The Right Decision Essay

- In Plato’s Crito, Socrates’s commitment to virtue is illustrated. Socrates is imprisoned and has been sentenced to death. Socrates will most likely be put to death the next day. One of Socrates’ friends and supporters, Crito, comes in and tells Socrates that he has paid off the guard and that they must move quickly and escape. Socrates says it would be unjust for him to escape, as Crito pleads for him to leave. Socrates acts according to his definition of virtue when ignoring Crito’s reasonings, and therefore is acting virtuously in his insistence on staying....   [tags: Socrates, Plato, Ethics, Philosophy]

Powerful Essays
1496 words (4.3 pages)

Socrates, Socrates And The Gods Of Athens Essay

- A. Under trial for corrupting youth and not worshiping the Gods in Athens, Socrates takes an attitude that many might interpret as pompous during his trial. Rather than apologise, as Plato’s dialogue title Apology suggests, Socrates explains why he is right and those who accused him are mistaken. He speaks in a plain manner, as if the jury is just another of his followers. Socrates first cites the profit at Delphi for why he behaves in ways that lead to him being under scrutiny of the law. He explains that his friend, Chaerephon, went to ask the oracle if anyone is wiser than Socrates and the oracle responded no (21a)....   [tags: Plato, Socrates, Philosophy, Logic]

Powerful Essays
895 words (2.6 pages)

The Dialogs Of Socrates By Socrates Essay

- When reading the dialogs of Socrates, it is easy to ready each as an individual story. It is more difficult to take into consideration every word that Socrates has said up to that point and allow that to influence the validity of Socrates current position or argument. Though this may be more difficult we must take everything that Socrates has claimed to hold in every dialog. While doing this brings up a potential contradiction between Socrates Apology and in his dialog with Crito. Though this contradiction is clearly visible when focusing on just the idea of these claims, there is background beliefs of the Gods that allows both Socrates claim in his apology and his argument in the Crito dial...   [tags: Plato, Socrates, Philosophy, Ethics]

Powerful Essays
891 words (2.5 pages)

Socrates And The Apology Of Socrates Essay examples

- Socrates was the kind of man who always spoke what was on his mind and had no trouble doing so. He was brought to trial for allegedly demeaning the people of Athens and challenging their perspectives on certain views. To ensure that there society run smoothly, people in Athens were taught to always strive and be excellent in everything they do. In Socrates eyes, in order to be wise, one must know how to deal with people and how to engage conversation with them, which is exactly what he tried to do with numerous people in, “Plato, The Apology of Socrates”....   [tags: Plato, Knowledge, Socrates, Apology]

Powerful Essays
1080 words (3.1 pages)

Socrates 's Views On The Apology Of Socrates Essay

- Socrates was a well-known philosopher in Ancient Greek who was named the father of Western philosophy. Yet, the counselors and state jurors did not believe that Socrates was the knowledgeable man that the city of Athens claims that he is. Therefore, the state accused Socrates for depraving the youth of Athens, as well as creating new gods that were not recognized by the state. In the Apology, one can understand that it was not much of an apology or an acknowledgment of offense. Later on, Socrates is sentenced to death and later writes Crito, where his friend Crito endeavors to convince Socrates to escape his jail cell....   [tags: Plato, Socrates, State, Trial of Socrates]

Powerful Essays
1285 words (3.7 pages)

Socrates ' Views On Socrates 's Philosophy Essay

- Socrates uses rhetoric to defend himself and his philosophy in the Apology written by his student, Plato. He responds to three charges including the slanders told about Socrates according to the Clouds, and two charges brought against him in the trail. Socrates’ novel way of thinking, living and practicing of philosophy challenges the prejudiced jury and the law that Athen built upon. The way Socrates defends himself and his philosophy shows his thinking of law, virtue and the meaning of life. I argue that Socrates doesn 't defend himself well for the three charges....   [tags: Socrates, Plato, Philosophy, Meaning of life]

Powerful Essays
1217 words (3.5 pages)

Wisdom of Socrates Essay

- Socrates was a man that was in search of the truth about wisdom. However, it became more than just a simple search, rather it tuned into a complex assignment where the answer of true wisdom leads Socrates to be brought up on charges of corrupting society. As a philosopher Socrates is known to take every angle of an argument and to never put belief into one idea. Therefore Socrates was known to perplex even simple ideas and to frustrate his opponent. People who have experienced this accuse Socrates of making his own truths about the natural and unnatural world when in actuality he his still in search of a better meaning....   [tags: Socrates]

Free Essays
507 words (1.4 pages)

Essay on Socrates And Wisdom

- Philosophy can be defined as the pursuit of wisdom or the love of knowledge. It is the product of education and experience, but more than the accumulation of information. Socrates, one of the most well-known of the early philosophers, epitomizes the concept of what is necessary of a true pursuer of wisdom: devoting his entire life to introspection, discussion and travel in search of the true meaning of the word. Divulged through Plato’s writings, Socrates is recognized for developing meanings of previously undefined concepts, such as truth, wisdom, and beauty....   [tags: Philosophy, Socrates, Plato, Meaning of life]

Powerful Essays
744 words (2.1 pages)

Essay about Socrates Was NOT Guilty

-      Socrates, in his conviction from the Athenian jury, was both innocent and guilty as charged. In Plato’s Five Dialogues, accounts of events ranging from just prior to Socrates’ entry into the courthouse up until his mouthful of hemlock, both points are represented. Socrates’ in dealing with moral law was not guilty of the crimes he was accused of by Meletus. Socrates was only guilty as charged because his peers had concluded him as such. The laws didn’t find Socrates guilty; Socrates was guilty because his jurors enforced the laws....   [tags: Innocence of Socrates Essay]

Powerful Essays
1660 words (4.7 pages)

Plato’s Portrayal of Socrates Essay

- Plato’s Portrayal of Socrates The portrayal of Socrates by his student Plato creates one of the most controversial characters of all time. There are few other personalities in history that have drawn criticism and praise from the furthest ends of each spectrum. Socrates has been called the inventor of reason and logic, and at the same time has been condemned as a corruptor and a flake. Perhaps he was all of these. Despite this disagreement, one is a certainty: Socrates had a very interesting and active sense of humor....   [tags: Plato Socrates]

Powerful Essays
2381 words (6.8 pages)