Sociology is a field which developed over a millennia ago, but it was not until the nineteenth century that it came into the fore as a bona fide social science, in need of its own classification apart from other social sciences. Sociology, 'the study of the process of companionship';(pg.396, Ambercrombie,Hill,Turner), is a discipline, which is not exclusively independent in and of its self, yet borrows from many other disciplines such as: history, geography, and anthropology.
'American sociology is fundamentally analytical and empirical; it proposes to examine the way of life of individuals in the societies … prefers to explain institutions and structures in terms of the behavior of individuals and the goals, mental states, and motives which determine the behavior of members of various social groups (pg.5,Aron).';
A specialization within Sociology is social stratification. This segment of sociology attempts to deal with the structures of any given society and ones' relationship with the institution. 'Social stratification means that inequality has been hardened or institutionalized, and there is a system of social relationships that determines who gets what, and why (pg.11, Kerbo).'; Through various paradigms, and theories we are able to come to a better understanding of social stratification.
The paradigm that is most rational to my understanding of social stratification is the critical-conflict. In this paradigm the state embodies the interests of the "common citizen," and mediates between primitive human desires and the rational need for freedom and well being. Conflict theorists view that definitions of norms and values are also a source of conflict over who has the right to create laws and justice. As a consequence, not only behavior but also power relationships become important topics to study. Unlike the structural-functionalist view of society, which views harmony as the basis of order, conflict theorists see conflict as the natural state of social existence. Despite their critical examination of power relations, conflict theorists tend to accept the fundamental existing social arrangements, and instead of arguing for new social systems tend to argue for rearrangement of existing relations.
'This paradigm (critical-conflict) shares with the uncritical-conflict paradigm an image or model of society that considers conflict and...
... middle of paper ...
...ack the essential tools such as: family name, wealth, and networking opportunities. These tools are utilized to gain access to the training necessary to achieve in a meritocracy like the United States. As the Upper Class and the Corporate Class wonder why those on the bottom are not able to 'pull themselves up by their boot straps'; and find solutions to their social, political, and economic predicament. The people on the bottom are screaming the solutions yet the Upper Class and Corporate Class are turning a deaf ear.
1.) Abercrombie, Nicholas; Hill, Stephen; and Turner, Bryan S. The Penguin Dictionary of Sociology. Penguin Books.London: 1984
2.) Aron, Raymond, Main Currents In Sociological Thought. Anchor Books: 1968.
3.) Campbell, Ken. Http://cst.colorado.edu/psn/Marx/bio/Marx-karl/Granat/z.Html March 1,1999.
4.) Kerbo, Harold R., Social Stratification and Inequality: Class Conflict in Historical and Comparative Perspective. McGraw-Hill Companies,Inc. New York: 1996.
5.) McLellan, David., Karl Marx: Selected Writings. Oxford University Press: 1979.
6.) Tumin, M.,'; Some principles of stratification: A critical analysis.'; American Sociological Review, New York:1954
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Everyone has the right to decide where they live, what religion they worship, what education they would like to earn, and many more life choices. However, although they have the right to decide, our decisions are influenced by our society, whether we realize it or not. Sociology is a tricky concept to grasp. Not because the actual concept is difficult, but because sociology is not something we notice in our everyday lives. That is exactly what this class taught me. It made me understand important terms to be able to think differently.... [tags: Sociology, Social class, Anthropology]
1188 words (3.4 pages)
- Journal #1 Prompt: Mills and Berger present somewhat different visions of what drives sociologists and what the purpose of sociology is or should be. In what significant ways do their visions differ. Which do you find more compelling and why. Berger starts by describing how many people who study sociology are motivated by the desire to “work with people” or “help people” in workplaces such as public relations, human resources, community planning, and so on. However, this way of thinking is not ideal or suitable to the field of sociology itself.... [tags: Sociology, Psychology, C. Wright Mills]
708 words (2 pages)
- Sociology of religion which has been introduced to the science world in the nineteenth century is of western origin. Sociology of religion whose areas of interest have diversified since its birth has been subjected to a divide as classical period and modern period over time. The classical period has an important effect on the modern period. When the studies of the classical period sociologists -Comte, Durkheim and Weber- are examined, it is observed that both general studies have been carried out and the methodology of sociology as a new field of science and sociology of religion have been tried to be established.... [tags: Sociology, Religion, Max Weber, Society]
1443 words (4.1 pages)
- Sociology is defined as the study of human society’s development, structure, and functioning. It is the subject of sociology that provides us with the tools and methods needed to understand an array of increasingly complex and rapidly changing social environments. As a student of the sociology discourse community, instructors have introduced students to a survey of influential theories, methods, and subtopics in this community. These were presented in sociology texts which take multiple forms, such as reviewing sociological literature, applying or testing a concept or theory, or a combination of both.... [tags: Sociology, United States, Critical thinking]
1289 words (3.7 pages)
- Chapter One: What is Sociology. Sociology has become very prevalent in our everyday lives. Almost anything that anyone can think of involves Sociology in some way. Since Sociology plays a big role in everyday life, even when some people might not know it, that leaves many wondering what exactly Sociology is. Where did it come from. How has it become what it is today. The main reasons for Sociology being around today are the questions that are being asked Sociology, along with other social sciences, help examine the world and figure out what it takes in order to make the world a better place.... [tags: Sociology, Social sciences, Max Weber, Science]
1691 words (4.8 pages)
- Sociology is the study of human relationships, at the micro and macro level. Sociology’s range of study is diverse. Many theorists have come to unify these studies offering different perspectives to the science. A major perspective in Sociology lies in the fundamentals of functionalism. In Functionalism “In the functionalist perspective, societies are thought to function like organisms, with various social institutions working together like organs to maintain and reproduce societies.” (Boundless) This perspective highlights that societies work together to perform functions that work symbiotically.... [tags: Sociology, Max Weber, Anthropology, Karl Marx]
703 words (2 pages)
- The sociology of religion had been notably discussed for a long period of time among influential sociologists famously known for their different approaches towards religion and their understanding of religion. Although some thinkers including Auguste Comte, the man who coined the term sociology, thought of sociology as a religion itself1 there will always be differences in the terms ‘sociology’ and ‘religion’. Throughout the years, sociology of religion developed into a field of study and various approaches of this study were cultivated.... [tags: Sociology, Religion, Max Weber, Karl Marx]
1182 words (3.4 pages)
- Sociology is a field which developed over a millennia ago, but it was not until the nineteenth century that it came into the fore as a bona fide social science, in need of its own classification apart from other social sciences. Sociology, 'the study of the process of companionship';(pg.396, Ambercrombie,Hill,Turner), is a discipline, which is not exclusively independent in and of its self, yet borrows from many other disciplines such as: history, geography, and anthropology. 'American sociology is fundamentally analytical and empirical; it proposes to examine the way of life of individuals in the societies … prefers to explain institutions and structures in terms of the behavior... [tags: Sociology Essays]
1491 words (4.3 pages)
- Sociology Miss Rowbotham Education Using material from Item A and elsewhere, assess the contribution of functionalist sociology to an understanding of the role of education in society A) Explain what is meant by ‘streaming’. (2 marks) Streaming is when you organise children into different classes in school depending on their ability. B) Give two examples of ways in which the school curriculum may be seen as ethnocentric. (4 marks) The school curriculum may be seen as ethnocentric as they only teach main culture/religion subjects and they do not give children a broad education.... [tags: Sociology Essays]
641 words (1.8 pages)
- Intro to Sociology When asked about transsexuals, Mildred Brown, author of True Selves quoted that it is a “dilemma of feeling trapped in the wrong physical gender.” Transsexuality is a phenomenon, which really has not been scientifically examined. Through talk shows such as Jerry Springer, Jenny Jones or the Maury Show, society tends to see a one-sided view on this matter. While watching the Maury Show, “Man or Woman”, the audience’s reaction to the transsexuals on stage were not of disgust but more of awe.... [tags: Sociology Essays]
979 words (2.8 pages)