1) Adult socialization is a time of learning new roles and statuses.
2) Peer Groups are strong socializing agents for adolescents who are still trying to find their own identity.
3) Radio, television, cinema, newspapers, magazines, music, and the Internet are powerful agents of socialization.
4) The state almost shapes our life cycle.
5) School plays a major role in socializing adolescents. It is a place of education where the individual learns to socialize with both authority (teachers) and peers.
6) As parents of school-aged children, adults are confronted by a range of socialization forces from school.
7) As one moves out of adolescence new, tensions and agents of socialization affect the individual’s life namely, work, marriage and parenthood.
Socialization does not end after childhood. It is a life long process. In this essay, we will look at the most important agents of Socialization from adolescence onward. First, We will look at adult Socialization and Re-Socialization. We will also look at some important agents of Socialization such as mass media, school, peer groups, state and more.
Adult Socialization and Re-Socialization
Adult Socialization is a time of learning new roles and statuses. As Tischler cited, adult Socialization is different from primary Socialization. Adults become more aware that they are being socialised. They will actually do advanced education and on-the-job training. Adults also have more control over Socialization and therefore want to learn more or make the best of opportunities.
Re-Socialization as Tischler notes, “involves exposure to ideas or values that in one way or another conflict with what we learned in childhood. An example of Re-Socialization could be coming to university. This new environment has changed many people’s views. Many of the things their parents have taught them are now being re-analyzed. Re-Socialization can bring about changes in religion and political beliefs. For instance, one might convert from being catholic and become enlightened by new age values.
Peer Groups are strong socializing agents for adolescents who are still trying to find their own identity. The adolescent struggles with being a part of a group and being themselves. Peer groups usually consist of people of similar ages and social status.” The dictionary meaning of the word “peer” i...
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... Education and society: a sociology of African education London, Macmillan, pp 54-73
4) Ferrante J 1992 Sociology: a global perspective Belmont, Wadsworth, pp 145-153
5) Tischler H 1996 Introduction to sociology New York, Harcourt, pp 124-127
6) Schaefer RT and RP Lamm 1994 Sociology: a brief introduction New York, McGraw-Hill, pp 69-76
7) Thomas D 1974 Family Socialization and adolescent Canada, Heath, ch 2, pp 21-61
8) Zigler E, Lamb M and Child I 1982 Socialization and personality Development, New York, Oxford University Press
9) White G 1977 Socialization, New York, Longman Inc., pp 56-108
10) Hurrelmann K 1988 Social structure and personality development: The individual as a productive processor of reality, Cambridge, Cambridge university press
Suggestions for revision:
1) Try to define all the terms, which appear in the lecture in bold type.
2) Make sure that you know some of the agents of Socialization.
3) What is meant by Socialization and ReSocialization?
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