Business Development Policy of the Post-Socialist States of Central and Eastern Europe

Business Development Policy of the Post-Socialist States of Central and Eastern Europe

Length: 4658 words (13.3 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Term Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview

Business Development Policy of the Post-Socialist States of Central and Eastern Europe



DISSERTATION PROPOSAL

1. Title of Dissertation:
Small & Medium Business Development Policy of the Post-Socialist States of Central and Eastern Europe in their Transition to an Open Market Economy: Lessons and Applications for Cuba.
2. Aim of Dissertation & Motivation for Research:
The objective of this dissertation is to study the small and medium business policies developed in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) as a result of their transition to an open market economy. The experience gained from the extraordinary process of transition, still under way in CEE and in the former Soviet Union (FSU), is rich with lessons that could guide policy making and action in a Cuba of the future. This dissertation attempts to distill some of these lessons and to explore those, which would facilitate the growth of small and medium size enterprises, the so-called SMEs, when transition finally unfolds in the island.
Many years after the initiation of transition in the former command economies of CEE and the FSU, one thing is certain: the process of transformation is far more complex and it takes far more time and resources than envisioned in 1989. The reason is that transition involves changing institutions, practices, and behaviors that have taken root in society during decades of centralized control and political repression. Another certainty is that it is possible to transform economic and political systems radically and end up with market economies and political democracies. Many years after the Berlin Wall fell; most production in countries in transition originates in the private sector and is transacted under free market conditions. In addition, most of the people live under democratic rule, where the people can vote governments out of office and have done so.
The decision to change came about at different times in different countries in the region. In fact, Hungary, Poland, and Yugoslavia had already started some reforms by the late 1980s, before the destruction of the Wall. In 1990, COMECON, the Soviet dominated free trade area, was dissolved as members decided to start trading in hard currency and at world market prices. The disappearance of the Soviet Union, where Gorbachev had started a re-structuring program under socialism, witnessed in 1992 the start of transiti...


... middle of paper ...


...Achievements in Transition Economies, 1989-1999,” London School of Economics, Centre for Economic Performance Discussion Paper No. 475.

Lavigne, M. (1991). The Economics of Transition (New York: St. Martin’s Press).

Lipton, D., and Sachs, J. (1990). “Creating a Market Economy in Eastern Europe: The Case of Poland,” Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Vol. 1990, No. 1, pp. 75-133.

Poirot, C. (1996). “Macroeconomic Policy in a Transitional Environment: Romania, 1989-1994,” Journal of Economic Issues, Vol. 30, No. 4, pp. 1057-75.

Przeworski, A. (1991). Democracy and the Market: Political and Economic Reforms in Eastern Europe and Latin America (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press).

Roland, G. (1994). “The Role of Political Constraints in Transition Strategies,” The Economics of Transition, Vol. 2, No.1, pp. 27-41.

Sachs, J. (1992). “The Economic Transformation of Eastern Europe: The Case of Poland,” The American Economist, Vol. 36, No. 2, pp. 3-11.

Shleifer, A. (1997). “Government in Transition,” European Economic Review, Vol. 41, No. 3-5, pp. 385-410.

UN Statistics Division Social Indicators, http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/social/default

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay A Study of the Market Reforms in Post-Communist Eastern Europe

- A Study of the Market Reforms in Post-Communist Eastern Europe Introduction Poland, as well as it's fellow post-communist countries, face an arduous task in re-inventing their economies to match the dominant Western style currently dominating the world. The difficulties lie in the areas of ideology, structural needs (massive changes required), world recession(current) and debt load. Communist Economics Why did the economics of the communist bloc fail so miserably. Why has every single socialist, fascist, communist and other non-democratic country had to implement economic change in order to survive....   [tags: Economics Poland Economy Essays]

Term Papers
3566 words (10.2 pages)

The State's Role in the Development Process Essay

- What should be the state's role in the development process. Why has there been a neoliberal backlash against government involvement in development. In theory, the role of the state in development should be a small one. Instead of following outmoded socialist central planning policies akin to those of the Eastern bloc in the twentieth century, poor countries should emulate the West and open up its markets to international trade; encourage the development of a vibrant and dynamic private sector; ensure that government spending is kept to a minimum; privatise all manner of inefficient and wasteful state-owned industries and overall, let the free market do its job....   [tags: Neoliberal Backlash 2014]

Term Papers
1150 words (3.3 pages)

Causes anf Results of Communism in Eastern and Central Europe Essay

- ... When Vladimir Lenin came to the power and created his own party . It was called Bolshevik Party which had a close connection to the Communist Party. The main goal of Communism Party was to nationalize all public property and all the transport and factories also should be put under the government control. After the death of Vladimir Lenin, Iosef Stalin continued leading the Communist Party and wanted to put all the straight of the Soviet Union. What is more, Stalin didn’t stop the influence of the Communism revolutions....   [tags: economic, principles, political, government]

Term Papers
615 words (1.8 pages)

The Downfall of Communism in Eastern and Central Europe Essay

- The Downfall of Communism in Eastern and Central Europe The shocking fall of communism in Eastern and Central Europe in the late eighties was remarkable for both its rapidity and its scope. The specifics of communism's demise varied among nations, but similarities in both the causes and the effects of these revolutions were quite similar. As well, all of the nations involved shared the common goals of implementing democratic systems of government and moving to market economies. In each of these nations, the communist regimes in power were forced to transfer that power to radically different institutions than they were accustomed to....   [tags: Government Essays]

Free Essays
1758 words (5 pages)

The Rebellion Of The Socialist And Marxist Ideology Essay

- Revolution is a topic at the heart of the Socialist and Marxist Ideology. The processes that bring about the insurrection vary, but for Marx and Engels, the only viable coup d’état is a violent one, that will enable a transition to the best society and human life. In Marxism, revolution is inevitable because of precedents set by developmental historicism and then inequality rampant in society. These negative and traditional attributes give rise to class-consciousness in a manner that promotes the inexorable path of society from capitalism to socialism....   [tags: Marxism, Communism, Socialism, Karl Marx]

Term Papers
2024 words (5.8 pages)

Essay on The Importance Of Leadership At Central Academy

- leadership itself has been more effective is that we backlash we got from whatever it categorizes the privileged few, mostly from the west part of our district when all of a sudden when their daughter couldn’t take half their schedule at central academy because you know some of what she would take at central academy is there is in her high school and you have a lot of opportunistic educator like a lot of the staff in central academy who you know you use that and say that you can’t do that, we have to stay in our protected little bubble and so, what I remember is one of the most invigorating  meetings I had with the staffs when I was in the district two springs ago at the central academy was...   [tags: Teacher, Education, The Central, Doing It]

Term Papers
1110 words (3.2 pages)

Du Wanxiang: The New Socialist Woman Essay

- Despite its Communist trappings, Ding Ling’s 1978 “Du Wanxiang” is a story not about collective triumph but of individual victory. The heart of the tale lies in the paradox between inside and outside spaces—between the space of past and the space of the present, the space of women and the space of men. Critics have oft called Ding Ling’s final story a parable, a coming of age of the new socialist woman. Ding Ling’s use of the new socialist propaganda form, however, is ultimately done in irony; her final most autobiographical story is one last, haunting glance back at a lifetime of contradictions more aptly described as a confession....   [tags: communism, socialism, China, Anarchist Party]

Term Papers
702 words (2 pages)

Essay on Socialism

- What would happen if we all made the same amount of money. To understand what our society would be as socialist, we must understand the difference between socialist and capitalist ideas. The question becomes not so much as what is socialism, but how does it differ from capitalism, and what is wrong with capitalistic ideas to where we would need socialism. The problem becomes where do you draw the line between capitalism and socialism to where we have trust, sense of community and also competition....   [tags: socialist]

Term Papers
1750 words (5 pages)

Central America Essay

- Central America Central America, just south of Mexico and North of Panama, consists of just six countries; Guatemala, Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica. Of those six, all share a distinct common history except for Belize. Belize for one is incredibly small, and while Spanish is the official language of other Central American countries, in Belize English is spoken. So throughout this paper as I carelessly say 'Central American' I am not including Belize whose history and development was far different than the others....   [tags: Central American History]

Term Papers
1385 words (4 pages)

Essay on Contracts and Economic Development of Eastern Europe

- Contracts and Economic Development of Eastern Europe The concept of contract law has been developed through years. It deals with how different procedures have been used to help solve contract conflicts. Contract law reflects real business experience since it can be traced back to the days when in order to solve a dispute English courts used the lex mercatoria, which were the commercial rules that merchants used when doing business across borders. A contract is the legal relationship that consists of the rights and duties of the agreeing parties growing out of promises....   [tags: Papers]

Free Essays
786 words (2.2 pages)