Seneca Indians: Allies And Enemies Essay

Seneca Indians: Allies And Enemies Essay

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Seneca Indians: Allies and Enemies


     Seneca are among the most respected and feared. The Seneca are
culturally similar to their Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, an Mohawk confederates.
The five tribes were known as the Five Nations or the League of Five Nations.
Sometime between 1715 and 1722 the Tuscaroras from North Carolina joined the
confederacy and changed the name to the Six Nations.
     In their relations with white settlers the Seneca played the role of an
independent power and were this way from the very start. During the colonial
period they held the balance of power between the French and English.
Particulary around the Canadian border. The Seneca opposed the extension of
French settlement southwards from Canada, and were responsible for prevention
the English colonies from being forced on the west by the French.
     During the American Revolution the Seneca sided with the British.

                         SOCIETY

     Each town in the tribe contained several long, bark covered communal
houses that had both tribal and political significance. Inside each house
several families lived in semi-private rooms or areas and the center areas were
used as social and political meeting places. They lived in scattered villages
that were organized by a system of matrilineal clans.
     A calendar cycle of ceremonies reflected their agricultural, hunting,
and gathering. The men hunted, cleared fields, traded and made war. The woman
gathered various wild plant foods and tended gardens.
     They had a great agricultural economy. Their man crop was corn, but
they also grew pumpkins, beans, tobacco, maize, squash and later on they grew
orchard fruits like apples and peaches.
     Crafts were also made. Fine pottery, splint baskets, mats of corn husk
and used wampum as a medium of exchange.

                    FAMOUS TRIBE MEMBERS

     There were many famous Indians from the Seneca tribe.
     Ely S. Parker- His Indian ...


... middle of paper ...


...termined the outcome and the ways of our country.


                     CONCLUSION PAGE

     The Seneca Indians were a great tribe. Through themselves and five
other tribes they formed the Six Nations. The Six Nations were an almost
indomitable clan. They participated in the Revolutionary War and in the
colonial wars. The tried to keep the French from coming down from Canada into
the now United States.
     The Seneca had a great agricultural and hunting economy. The men and
women each had specific jobs they were to do in order to keep things running.
     The Seneca was the tribe that was the most intensely studied by the
white people. It is also believed that their democratic ways were an influence
on the writers of the United States Constitution.
     Many of the famous Indians came from the Seneca tribe. Some were Red
Jacket, Ely S. Parker and Cornplanter. There were also many others from their
league tribes, the Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, Mohawk, and later joiners the
Tuscarora.

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