research study on gender differences Essay

research study on gender differences Essay

Length: 1260 words (3.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Non-verbal communication is defined as communication without words. (Devito, 116) Throughout your interpersonal interactions, your face communicates many things, especially your emotions. (Devito, 125) Women are stereotyped in today’s society as to being more emotional than men in emotional settings. Not in all instances is this true, however, men feel they need to set a strong, domineering, display of their emotions and the way they react towards certain emotional situations. Gender display rules are a set of rules that usually either male or female follow in order to fit their specific gender script in society. It is stated in the textbook that women talk more about feelings and emotions and use communication for emotional expression more then men, and because of this females express themselves facially more than men. (Devito, 148)
The research article I chose to summarize for part two of the textbook is titled,
“ Gender Difference in Facial Reaction to Fear-relevant Stimuli”. The focus of this was to discover whether females are predominantly more facially reactive than males, or whether females are more emotionally reactive in general, as reflected even by non-facial reactions such as autonomic responding and emotional experience. (Thunberg & Dimberg)
     In previous research on nonverbal communication, results stated that females tend to be more emotional than men in emotional situations. (Thunberg & Dimberg) Research also found that imagery-induced emotions as well as visually presented emotional stimuli generate specific facial EMG responses that are interpretable as negative and positive emotional responses. Further studies with EMG testing, which is a test that evaluates reactions towards emotional activity, shows that women are more emotionally reactive in general. With these given results to previous research, the authors of this article presented two hypotheses, which they will use to explain the following study. These hypotheses are, 1. That when exposed to emotional stimuli, females are specifically more facially reactive, but not more reactive in other respects, and, 2, that females are more emotionally reactive in general. (Thunberg & Dimberg, 2) The main purpose of the study was to distinguish the results between the two given hypotheses.
     Ninety-six students from Uppsala ...


... middle of paper ...


...n my family, I can speak that my family is different when it comes to gender display rules. When I was fourteen years old I was diagnosed with type 1 diabetes. When I found out the diagnosis, I cried for weeks, along with my mother, father, and brother. My father and brother were not ashamed to cry in the hospital with me. However, my family has always been emotional, and I am aware that every family and person is different. Thus, having an emotional family, gave me reason to think that it is not true that men don’t cry or show emotions. Of course, everyone is different, and after taking this class in concert with Family and Society I am on my way to a very open attitude about a lot of different aspects on different issues with Gender, families, communication skills, etc., where to before I was very objective to everyone and everything, except my own.




References
Devito, Joseph A. Messages Building Interpersonal Communication Skills. Hunter
College of the City University of New York. United States, 2005

Thunberg, Monika, Dimberg, Ulf. “Gender Difference in Facial Reaction to Fear-
Relevant Stimuli”. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior. New York: Spring
2000. Vol. 24, Iss1; PG 45

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Gender Differences Are Often Small And Inconsistent Essay

- Theme 1: Psychological Gender Differences are Typically Small and Inconsistent In Margaret Matlin’s textbook The Psychology of Women, the first consistent theme discussed is in regards to gender differences. Contrary to popular belief, psychological gender differences are typically small and inconsistent. Throughout the text, there are numerous situations, examples, and statistical data to support these findings. One example is the lack of gender differences in cognitive abilities. Matlin (2012) states, “Unfortunately, however, when people who are not experts discuss gender comparisons in thinking, they almost always emphasize gender differences....   [tags: Gender, Gender role, Gender differences]

Strong Essays
1793 words (5.1 pages)

Primed Social Roles on Gender Differences in Conformity Essay

- Conformity is defined as “a change in one’s behavior due to he real or imagined influence of other people.” Research has shown that impersonating a certain group or persons ideas, or conforming to their beliefs, happens so quickly and without thought that it’s mechanical and the reason that conformity is constantly present because it is habitual (Griskevicius, 2006). While assessing a situation we are uncertain about, we can find more precise information by adhering to others, eventually leading to correct decision-making....   [tags: sex differences in human behavior]

Strong Essays
1293 words (3.7 pages)

Essay A Research Study On Gender

- Gender can be an issue in education. Males and females tend to learn and communicate differently. Deborah Tannen has done several experiments to find out female tend to communicate verses males. Boys tend to play in larger groups. They are competitive, and make friends from the activities they are involved in. Girls on the other hand tend to hang out in smaller groups. They prefer making friendships by opening up and sharing personal information. The tendencies apply in the classroom as well. For example, Tannen constructed an experiment....   [tags: Gender, Female, Male, Sex]

Strong Essays
708 words (2 pages)

Essay about Gender Differences in Learning and Education

- Gender differences occur in many aspects of a person’s life whether it is culture, politics, occupation, family and relationships, or the economy (just to name a few). One major difference in gender occurs in learning and education in the elementary and secondary levels. Research has found that males and females learn differently in many aspects of education. First of all, female and male brains are constructed differently affecting the way they learn; this leads to basic differences in learning and also gives an introduction into why the way one learns differs according to gender and how males and females learn subjects and tasks differently....   [tags: Gender Studies]

Strong Essays
2145 words (6.1 pages)

Gender Differences And Aggression Essay

- Gender Differences and Aggression, an Article Review Jelena Petrovic University of the Ozarks Gender Differences and Aggression, an Article Review The article “Gender Differences in Aggression as a Function of Provocation: A Meta-Analysis” by B. Ann Bettencourt and Norman Miller examines multiple studies of aggression between sexes and correlates the differences to neutral or provocative settings. Hypothesis The researchers predict that although men are said to be the more aggressive gender, the differences in aggression of men and women are reduced when provocation is involved....   [tags: Anger, Gender, Gender role, Aggression]

Strong Essays
917 words (2.6 pages)

Essay on Linguistic Preferences And Gender Differences

- COMM 105-003 Assignment #2 – Linguistic Preferences and Gender Differences For any career, communication is an integral component to ensuring professional success. Deborah Tannen’s article “The Power of Talk – Who Gets Heard and Why” explores the idea that the differing linguistic styles of men and women affect their performances in the workplace. Since 1974, Tannen has researched the influence of linguistic preferences on human relationships and conversations, observing significant differences between the styles of young girls and boys that prove to be reflected in their later professional lives....   [tags: Gender role, Gender, Gender identity, Observation]

Strong Essays
1032 words (2.9 pages)

Essay about The Gender Differences Of Bullying

- The Gender Differences in Bullying There is a nursery rhyme called “What Are Little Girls/Boys made of” (Mother Goose, 1916); what are little girls made of. Sugar and spice and everything nice that is what little girls are made of. What are little boys made of. Snips and snails and puppy dog tails that is what little boys are made of. Such a seemingly innocent childhood memory, that just about every young American child has heard suggests gender identity norms of what masculine and feminine behavior is....   [tags: Aggression, Relational aggression, Gender]

Strong Essays
1517 words (4.3 pages)

Essay on Stress and Gender Differences

- Introduction: Stress is a phenomenon that is experienced worldwide. It “has become a pervasive experience in the daily lives of Canadians” (McShane & Steen, 2009, p. 90) with three out of four Canadians claiming to feel stress either frequently or sometimes (McShane & Steen, 2009, p. 90). There are many coping strategies available to personnel but stress levels remain high. Although both genders encounter workplace stress, the method in which it is handled as well as the how the stress itself is perceived is vastly different....   [tags: Gender Studies]

Strong Essays
1719 words (4.9 pages)

Gender Differences In Conformity Essay

- Chapter 2: Gender differences in Conformity It is my belief that gender has a large influence on the way in which one is socialised, and thus, how one conforms in social situations. The term ‘gender’ refers to the socially constructed differences between male and females in our society. All aspects of social life, including work and home life, as well a social interaction, is organised around the dimension of this difference. These differences over time resulted in vast dissimilarities in the social behaviour between males and females....   [tags: Gender, Conformity, Sociology, Male, Female, Sex]

Strong Essays
989 words (2.8 pages)

Human Sexuality and Gender Differences Essay examples

- Human Sexuality and Gender Differences The following research is a study of gender differences in selecting romantic partners. The goal of the study was to determine if males and females place different values on characteristics of the opposite sex, while selecting a romantic partner. To research this situation, surveys were distributed at random to both males and females. The survey asked these people to rank features they felt influenced their decision in selecting romantic partners. Through analysis of the surveys, it has discovered that men and women are more similar then expected....   [tags: Papers]

Strong Essays
1071 words (3.1 pages)