Table of Contents
1. Introduction 1
2. Definitions 2
2.1 Religious Belief 2
2.2 Religious Discrimination 3
3. Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 3
3.1 Prohibitions 3
3.2 Accommodations and Undue Hardship 4
3.3 Who is Subject to the Provisions under Title VII? 5
4. How to Handle Religious Discrimination in the Workplace 6
4.1 Preventive Measures 6
4.2 Filing a Charge 8
5. Cloutier v. Costco Wholesale 9
6. Religious Discrimination after September 11, 2001 12
7. Summary and Conclusion 13
7.1 Summary 13
7.2 Conclusion 15
Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits employers from discriminating against applicants and employees because of their race, color, religion, sex or national origin. Religious Discrimination as part of the Civil Rights Act is the subject of this term paper.
Initially, I will give a brief definition of “religious belief” and “religious discrimination” and write afterwards about prohibitions regarding religious discrimination, reasonably accommodation of religious beliefs and practices, undue hardship, and about the question “Who is subject to the provisions under Title VII?”.
Furthermore, I will enter into the question how employers and employees should handle religious discrimination in the workplace. Since discrimination in the workplace cannot only cause costly lawsuits, but also has an impact on the moral of the employees, I will name some preventive measures. After that, I will switch to the employee’s view and give the reader an idea of what an employee should consider when filing a charge because of religious discrimination.
Then, I will present the case Cloutier v. Costco Wholesale, which shall illustrate how everything fits together – from the broad definition of religion to the handling of a filed charge.
According to statistics of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) and state and local fair employment practices agencies, the number of charges alleging workplace discrimination based on religion or national origin has been significantly increased after September 11, 2001. Therefore, I will deal in this term paper with the influence of the attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon on religious discrimination in the workplace.
... middle of paper ...
...pportunity Commission. (2002, June). Facts About Religious Discrimination. Retrieved from: http://www.eeoc.gov/facts/fs-relig.html
The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. (1997, June). Filing a Charge. Retrieved from: http://www.eeoc.gov/facts/howtofil.html
The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. (2002, May). QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ABOUT THE WORKPLACE RIGHTS OF MUSLIMS, ARABS, SOUTH ASIANS, AND SIKHS UNDER THE EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY LAWS. Retrieved from: http://www.eeoc.gov/facts/backlash-employee.html
The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. (2004, November). Religious Discrimination. Retrieved from: http://www.eeoc.gov/types/religion.html
The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. (1997, January). Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Retrieved from: http://www.eeoc.gov/policy/vii.html
Vorys, Sater, Seymour and Pease LLP. (2002, October). Religious discrimination – Accommodating differences in the workplace. Retrieved from: http://www.vssp.com/CM/Articles/articles871.asp
workindex. (2004, November). Ten Tips For Avoiding Religious Discrimination. Retrieved from: http://www.workindex.com/editorial/hre/hre0411-05.asp
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Religious Discrimination Table of Contents 1. Introduction 1 2. Definitions 2 2.1 Religious Belief 2 2.2 Religious Discrimination 3 3. Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 3 3.1 Prohibitions 3 3.2 Accommodations and Undue Hardship 4 3.3 Who is Subject to the Provisions under Title VII? 5 4. How to Handle Religious Discrimination in the Workplace 6 4.1 Preventive Measures 6 4.2 Filing a Charge 8 5. Cloutier v. Costco Wholesale 9 6. Religious Discrimination after September 11, 2001 12 7.... [tags: Religion Discrimination Discriminating Essays]
2915 words (8.3 pages)
- Discrimination is defined as negative attitudes or behavior between people with differences. Frequently, opponents label each other with spiteful words. However religious discrimination can lead to violence. Many times religious discrimination can cause judgment during employment, limited educational opportunities, and restrictive social interaction. Throughout the centuries, Judaism, Catholicism, and Islam have been negatively persecuted by numerous communities. Religious discrimination has impeded the right and ability of Jews’, Catholics’, and Muslims’ to practice freedom of religion rights worldwide.... [tags: Negative Attitudes, Behaviors, People Differences]
1228 words (3.5 pages)
- The diversity of the domestic and global workforce is increasing daily in the United States (U.S.). The growing number of immigrants and the expansion of globalization in the workforce forces organizations to make necessary adjustments to meet the needs of all their employees. People in organizations have different cultural and religious backgrounds that can be quite different in beliefs and practices (Johnson, 2012). The workforce is more diverse in ethnicity, culture, language, and religion (Borstorff & Arlington, 2011).... [tags: immigrants, equal opportunity]
1908 words (5.5 pages)
- If I mention infant mortality, most people will think that in a rural and poor family, they have no money, cannot afford decent basic food and expensive supplements or it is difficult to even go to a large hospital. At the time of childbirth, women can only go to some small clinics or even just give birth at home. Due to lack of nutrition and medical resources, it is easy to make neonate have low weight and infected by diseases which lead to death during infancy. Even pregnant women during childbirth are affected by dystocia, but there are lacks of modern medical supplies that can promptly rescue them, which lead to infant mortality.... [tags: Pregnancy, Infant, Childbirth, India]
1133 words (3.2 pages)
- Organization for Islamic Cooperation (OIC) Intra-Religious Violence and Discrimination Islamic Republic of Pakistan I. Topic Background Muslim Countries are dominated majorly by the people who practice the Islamic faith. The two major denominations of this faith are the Sunni and Shia, with many subdivisions. The Shiites are considered a minority in comparison to the Sunni (Islamic). The Sunni and Shiites have been divided by who they believe is deserving of the caliph position (Muslim). Inter-religious conflict is not restricted to just the Sunni-Shiite conflict but to other religious groups as well.... [tags: religious violence, discrimination]
1688 words (4.8 pages)
- American nationalism can be described in the foundational terms of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; however, these fundamental ideas are impacted across every state when equal rights intersect with the complex issue of marriage rights. Thomas Jefferson once said, “I never will, by any word or act, bow to the shrine of intolerance or admit a right of inquiry into the religious opinions of others” (Jefferson, 1900). When approaching the various stances on marriage, civil unions, and equal rights in regards to the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) community it is fundamentally important to follow Jefferson’s cue and approach the varied perspectives with an open mind.... [tags: discrimination due to religious beliefs ]
1899 words (5.4 pages)
- Due to the history of other countries Religious Freedom should not be legalized further. Though one might obtain Christian values, Freedom of Religion laws have been known to be the backbone for discrimination, hatred and violence, and superiority. This causes one religious group to feel dominant over another’s religious beliefs. Discrimination of Religious groups in the United States are not nearly as severe as other countries throughout the world, yet discrimination in the U.S. is becoming more widespread and an imminent threat to “Freedom of Religion.” Zak Lutz a Student in Harvard Political Law Review comments on a recent and publicized court case has been the U.S.... [tags: christian values, laws, discrimination]
1599 words (4.6 pages)
- A religious symbol is a representation that symbolizes a religion, or an idea within a specified religion. For example, the cross is a symbol of Christianity, or the moon and the star represent Islam. Both of these are religious symbols, representing a religion. However, there are also other religious symbols that people wear, or have. For example, Muslim women wear a Hijab, or a head covering, which is considered a religious symbol. Another example of a religious symbol is the Turban and the Kirpan.... [tags: discrimination, ban, freedom]
736 words (2.1 pages)
- ... Operation bluestar was an indiscriminate slaughter campaign where the government attacked non-existent terrorists. Even the aftermath itself was a colossal tragedy and injustice. Even till this day the treatment of Sikhs has not improved. Discrimination against Sikhs is a long standing tradition of the Indian government, having lied to them after independence, slaughtered them during operation Bluestar and continue to attack them up to this day. India achieving their independence from the British and establishing their own constitution is nothing more than broken promise to members of the Sikh faith.... [tags: religious beliefs ]
523 words (1.5 pages)
- ... The Supreme Leader also appoints the head of the judicial branch, sets state policy, declares war, and starts amendments and sees over them. The President must be, according to the Constitution, a Shia Muslim. The president selects many vice presidents and 21 ministers who make up his cabinet. How the president and the leader separate power has changed with the leaders in control. When Rafsanjani was in office through the 1990’s he made himself the law and left little room for the president to use his power.7 The legislative branch has a Majlis and the Guardians Council.... [tags: theocratic, constitution, discrimination]
1535 words (4.4 pages)