The philosophical ideas of Plato that relate to the Parthenon include whether the structure is an element of the Visible World or the Intelligible World. In my opinion, Plato would view the Parthenon as an object in the Visible World. The Parthenon is a one of a kind monument that is tangible and exists in our real world. The Parthenon is an architectural project and deals with forms of science and mathematics. Plato's view of science and mathematics are categorized as forms in the Intelligible World, which are intangible. Through analysis of illusory tactics, the Tripartite Soul, the simile of the line, and the artistic qualities of architecture, Plato's, as well as my view of the Parthenon will become evident.
The Parthenon was built to honor the goddess of wisdom, Athena. When structures are built using straight lines they tend to look slightly distorted due to the science of optics. The architects Iktos and Kallikretes were skilled architects of their time and they used illusory tactics to create an ideal aesthetic for The Parthenon. The architects compensated for these visual illusions by counteracting them in their design. The end result is a structure that is not composed of straight lines, but when viewed by the human eye, looks perfectly straight. Plato would have mentioned one of his famous dictums, ?That which changes least is most real.? He would have viewed Iktos and Kallikretes designs as less real than other designs that do not u...
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- One of the most impressive accomplishments of Ancient Greece is the remarkable structure of the Parthenon on the Acropolis. The Parthenon is one of the most inspiring works of architecture known to mankind. The project of the extraordinary Acropolis was taken on by one of the most influential leaders of history, Pericles. Pericles influenced not only the building of one of the grandest works but the example of democracy displayed by the Greeks. The architecture was unique for its time, it featured excellent structure,the breathtaking Metopes featuring the epic battles of the gods, the Frieze a detailed sculpture displaying a procession of Greeks, and was built to house the magnificent statu... [tags: Architecture]
1666 words (4.8 pages)
- In Ancient Greece it was believed that as soon after someone took their last breath that funeral services should begin immediately. The Greeks had a time honored ritual to follow when it came to death and that was conducting a proper burial. Most often, a woman relative of the deceased would partake in the intricate ritual. There was three main parts of the burial rituals “the prothesis (laying out of the body), the ekphora (funeral procession), and the interment of the body or cremated remains of the deceased” (Department of Greek and Roman Art).... [tags: Ancient Greece, Parthenon, Pericles, Greece]
1011 words (2.9 pages)
- Ancient Greece was overseen by many gods and goddesses, but there were few gods that held more power than other. Poseidon was one of those gods and he was the god of water, earthquakes and horses. Through his abilities he was capable of doing extraordinary things. We are fortunate enough to some of that power has been recorded and displayed through various art and stories. Poseidon’s power and will was very prominent in ancient Greece through various forms of art, epics, and other oral stories. There are many forms of art, but I will be focusing on the sculptures and architecture.... [tags: Parthenon, Athena, Iliad, Trojan War]
1523 words (4.4 pages)
- The Parthenon in Athens and the Pantheon in Rome In 500-323 B.C. Which is the classical age of Greek Civilization. During this time, they gain more strength after being victorious over the Persians (Peace treaty in 449 B.C.). Democracy as a form of government was developed in Athens as a virtue for individual citizens in a society where individuals are treated equal, also they still worship and reference their gods. The Greeks place so much importance to their past because they use it as motivation to reach a greater height in the future, this is based on their culture and as a value for humans.... [tags: Ancient Rome, Roman Empire, Parthenon, Pantheon]
882 words (2.5 pages)
- All art contains basic elements of line, form, composition, color, texture, etc. The Artifact I chose to write about is The Parthenon. Around 490 BCE, Athenians began to work on the Temple which was made out of the finest marble even on the roof. Even though it took some of the greatest minds around in the building of the Parthenon the Greeks were greatly handicapped by a lack of the knowledge and mechanics. The Parthenon was Built by the architects Ictinus and Callicrates under the supervision of the sculptor Phidias, the temple is generally considered to be the culmination of the development of the Doric order, the simplest of the three classical Greek architectural styles.... [tags: Parthenon, Athens, Athena, Iktinos]
1140 words (3.3 pages)
- sandals were also filled with scenes from other Greek mythological stories. Finally, her helmet had a sphinx with a helmet and two griffins with Pegasus wings (Cartwright, “Athena Parthenos”). All of these intricate details reflected meaningful stories that made up the religion that the Athenians followed. The massive size of the Parthenon is accompanied by the immense size of the Propylaia that welcomes it. The architectural qualities of the Propylaia are in accordance with the idea of feeling small compared to the gods.... [tags: Parthenon, Athens, Acropolis of Athens]
995 words (2.8 pages)
- The Parthenon was built during the Golden age in Athens, Greece. The Parthenon is made of mainly columns; there is a 9:4 ratio. It was almost destroyed in war; the ruins that remained were dedicated to Athena. The purpose of the Parthenon was to house the statue of Athena, made of ivory and gold, and also Athena’s treasure. The ratios and the equations used to make the Parthenon were used as a sign of the harmony in the natural world around us. The mathematical harmony in the world shows how we can work with the world rather than destroy to make it what we want.... [tags: Parthenon, Athens, Acropolis of Athens, Phidias]
722 words (2.1 pages)
- The Parthenon Introduction One of the most famous structures from Ancient Greece is the Parthenon. A temple built for the guardian goddess of the city, Athena. Figure 1 is a picture of the Parthenon. I have Chosen the Parthenon because I think it is one of the best examples of a classical building. In my work I will review the architecture. To do this I will use different works from different authors and sources. After which I will present my ideas and thoughts. The Parthenon, a temple for Athena, was built on top of the acropolis in Athens.... [tags: Parthenon, Athens, Doric order, Athena]
2592 words (7.4 pages)
- The people of Greece believed in mythology and believed they were blessed by the deity which inspired the artists’ creation of the spectacular sculptures including Athena Parthenos, the goddess of wisdom. Wisdom during this period was highly regarded. Most of the sculptures in Athens were made of different types of bronze. (See Figure 1.) This is a copy of the sculpture of Athena Parthenos, dressed in battle attire, that was originally created by Phidias during the period of 447-39 B.C. The statue of Athena Parthenos was to be constructed, not of bronze, but of gold and ivory.... [tags: Art]
861 words (2.5 pages)
- Legal Ownership of the Parthenon Marbles The controversy began almost one hundred years ago. Between 1801 and 1812, Thomas Bruce, 7th Earl of Elgin and British Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire, removed several sculptures from the Parthenon in Athens and shipped them to England, where he sold them to the British Museum in 1816. 167 years later, Melina Mercouri, Greek Minister of Culture, requested that the “Elgin” Marbles be returned. This request sparked one of the greatest debates the art world has ever known.... [tags: Parthenon Marbles Conflict History Essays]
2146 words (6.1 pages)