There are two main types of political systems, one being a presidential system and the other being a parliamentary system. Both of them have their own benefits as well as their own disadvantages. No political system can be perfect or can always have stability, but shown in history there are successful countries that use either one. Also there are countries that have failed with one of the two systems.
Firstly there is the presidential system. There are many characteristics to a presidential system. The first main part of a presidential system is how the executive is elected. The executive is a president who is elected to a fixed term. Also a president is not only head of state, but is head of government. The president is the sole executive of the government. Even though there is a cabinet in a presidential system it does not have the power it does in a parliamentary system. The cabinet is chosen by the president instead of chosen by the parliament. A president has to follow a constitution rather than following history. The president actually has a large part in the government’s decisions. A big advantage to political scientists of the presidential system is that there is a separation of powers. The legislative branch being separate from the executive branch lets one another keep checks and balances on each other. This assures that no one branch will take over or attempt to take over the government. Another advantage of a presidential system is that the population elects the chief executive and the legislative branch. By winning a popular vote shows that most of a country is backing the executive which does not seem to cause revolution. The president can not dissolve an assembly as one can in a parliamentary system. Also in a presidential system there is the judicial branch, which is the court system. The judicial branch is important because it helps uphold the constitution. One of the last advantages of a presidential system is that there is more stability because a president is elected to a fixed term, where as in a parliamentary system a prime minister can be ousted at any time. A presidential system is not perfect, but it has it’s high and low points.
The other type of political system being analyzed is a parliamentary system. A parliamentary system has its executive branch in ...
... middle of paper ...
... be elected by the majority of the population of the country. Also there being a written constitution in a presidential system makes it easier to prefer because this explains the law precisely and accurately. In a presidential system there is a judicial branch which makes it fair to be tried for crimes, which is a plus too. I may be bias because I live in a country that has a presidential system, which is the United States and it is the most successful nation, but I feel that even if lived in another country I would envy our style of government and would want to live here. A presidential government is by the far the most successful and fairest way to run a country.
I feel that France is most comparable to the political system I prefer. It is semi-presidential, which is more effective than a parliamentary system. Their election process is similar to a presidential system, which shows a popular vote in the population wins. The parliament can censure the premier also, which is good because it does not let one part of government make any drastic changes without the parliament agreeing. I feel that France is most like my preferred type of political system because of these reasons.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- In modern society, political parties serve as a link between state and society. Anton Downs wrote a well-known definition for political parties as “a team of men seeking to control the governing apparatus by gaining office in a duly constituted election.” Political parties carry out a political leadership role in a modern democracy. To participate successfully in the political process and to contribute to the consolidation of democracy, political parties have to demonstrate certain functions. This essay will mainly discuss different functions of political parties in two different political systems, namely parliamentary system and presidential system.... [tags: Presidential system, Parliamentary system]
1804 words (5.2 pages)
- There are two key political systems; one is a presidential system, and the other is a parliamentary system. Both of them have their benefits, as well as disadvantages. No political system is flawless or has continuous stability, but history shows there are successful countries that use either type of system. Firstly, there is the presidential system, which has many characteristics. In a presidential system, there is a president, who is elected to a fixed term. The president cannot be elected for more than two consecutive terms.... [tags: Presidential system, Separation of powers]
801 words (2.3 pages)
- Both the parliamentary and presidential constitutional systems of government are popular choices of democratic countries around the world. Nevertheless, despite their core similarities, each form of government poses unique ideologies of representation, as well as methods of conducting the business of governing. Circumstance leads to the organization of a representative body given the power to make and enforce law, as well as a basic mutual agreement between the people and their government. The end result of this agreement is a system of government unique to the culture, values, and circumstance of a population.... [tags: Presidential system, Separation of powers]
1001 words (2.9 pages)
- When looking at the different political systems across the world, parliamentary and presidential systems can be seen as two eminent and highly successful democracy as used most famously by Britain the United States respectively. Due to their difference in the system of governing, the role of an Australian Prime Minister may vary from that of an American President. Thus, differentiation of the system may incur a verity of responsibility and privilege that one and another desire to hold. First of all, the power distribution varies in these two systems.... [tags: Politics, Democracy, US, Australia]
1617 words (4.6 pages)
- In a democratic state, elections, interest groups, and political participation give the people more power who live under this type of government. There is an important factor to take into consideration when looking at democratic systems, and that is to understand that there are two main systems; one is presidential and one is parliamentary. Even though Presidential and Parliamentary systems are based on a similar feature, that free and competitive elections will determine who will govern, there are many differences between the two including, how a president or prime minister comes into power, and who holds the power and because of this the policies that have been created have designed very d... [tags: Separation of powers, Presidential system]
1055 words (3 pages)
- There are different forms of government that rule in the world today. The presidential system of government and the parliamentary system of government are both very important and widely used as systems of governments. There are many differences between the presidential and parliamentary systems of government. The main difference being the person who is in power in each system. The president and the prime minister take on different roles in these. The branches within these governments are elected differently and the amount of power they have is different also.... [tags: Presidential system, Parliamentary system]
1873 words (5.4 pages)
- Discussions of which constitutional form of government best serves the growing number of democratic nation’s are being debated around the world. In the essay “The Perils of Presidentialism”, political scientist, Juan Linz compares the parliamentary with presidential systems as they govern democracies. As the title of Linz’s essay implies, he sees Presidentialism as potentially dangerous and sites fixed terms, the zero-sum game and legitimacy issues to support his theory. According to Linz, the parliamentary system is the superior form of democratic government because Prime Minister cannot appeal to the people without going through the Parliament creating a more cohesive form of government.... [tags: Presidential system, Parliamentary system]
864 words (2.5 pages)
- Every country differs in their preference of political system to govern their countries. For democratic countries, two possible choices of governing are the presidential system and the parliamentary system. Since both the presidential and the parliamentary systems have their own strengths and weaknesses, many scholars have examined these two forms of government, and debate on which political system is more successful in governance. In this paper, I will first provide a detailed analysis of both the parliamentary and the presidential system.... [tags: Comparisons, Strengths, Weaknesses]
2348 words (6.7 pages)
- Introduction: Throughout history there has been progression on how the government has been organized and, alternatively, its position, and role in the public sphere. Two dominant, different government systems have emerged in North American politics, the presidential and parliamentary systems, in America and Canada respectively. These neighbouring systems have components, which are different but also share some commonalities; these key characteristics propose several strengths and weaknesses among them.... [tags: Canadian Politics, Prime Minister]
2408 words (6.9 pages)
- In his seminal essay “Presidential or Parliamentary Democracy: does it make a difference?” Juan Linz argued that presidential systems organized power in a way that gave way to pathologies that enabled regime crisis. These pathologies emanated from two basic components of the presidential system, its “rigidity” and its “dual legitimacy” (Linz 1994, p. 6). The “rigidity” of the system, Linz argued, surfaced given that “both the president and congress are elected for a fixed term, the president 's tenure in office is independent of the legislature, and the survival of the legislature is independent of the president.” (ibid).... [tags: Separation of powers, Law, Presidential system]
1175 words (3.4 pages)