President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal

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In 1929, The Great Depression seized America. The country wallowed for four years in desperation, until a new leader was elected. Franklin Delano Roosevelt came to the presidency in 1933 focused and with a plan like never before. His so called “New Deal” was the innovation of policy at the time, and the public responded in turn. The country seemed to be on the steady process to recovery. The twelve years of desperation from 1929 to 1941 changed the face of America today. While kissing away college scholarships and hours at my government-sponsored after-school job, I had a revelation like a concertgoer at the ’69 Woodstock (minus the LSD): these two defining periods of American history were simultaneously changing my life despite the eighty years difference in that moment. As we continue on our own path to what we hope will repair the shards of our shattered American capitalism, I wondered if my faith in President Obama’s plan was justified. The similarities between the 2009 recovery and the New Deal were immense, and I sought my answer through analyzing Franklin D. Roosevelt’s response to an even greater economic plight. Economists still debate the true success of the New Deal and the resounding impact it had on the country. Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal policies eventually succeeded in rebuilding the American economy to functionality and its legacy is still proving effective in today’s modern economic dilemmas. In the 1920’s the United States was on the road to recovery. Having survived World War I and now an established international powerhouse, the U.S. economy was becoming a lion in world economics. The American stock market had risen to new heights, and had become a central force in the American economy. However, like a child with sugar and climbing a tree, this proved to be more of a demon than a blessing. An article published in the New York Times on March 24, 1929 described the credit frenzy of the decade: …the number of brokerage accounts had doubled in the past two years [1927-1929]. . . . It is quite true that the people who know the least about the stock market have made the most money out of it in the last few months. Fools who rushed in where wise men feared to tread ran up high gains. (Norris) This article was the doomsday prophecy that soon came true. The stock market suffered through scrapes and scratches in the months th... ... middle of paper ... ...ss, n.d. Web. 9 Dec. 2009. . Grant, James. “From Bear to Bull.” Wall Street Journal – Eastern Edition 19 Sept. 2009: W1+. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Web. 9 Nov. 2009 Lohr, Steve “Echoes of 1933?.” New York Times Upfront 141.11 (2009): 8. MasterFILE Premier. EBSCO. Web. 9 Nov. 2009 Nicholas, Phil, Jr. "THE AGENCY THAT KEPT GOING: THE LATE NEW DEAL SEC AND SHAREHOLDER DEMOCRACY." Journal of Policy History 16.3 (2004): 212-238. America: History & Life. EBSCO. Web. 17 Nov. 2009. Norris, Floyd. "Looking Back at The Crash of 1929." The New York Times 15 Oct. 1999, web edition ed. Web. 17 Nov. 2009. . Olson, James Stuart. Saving Capitalism: The Reconstruction Finance Corporation and the New Deal, 1933-1940. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1988. Shlaes, Amity "Deal or No Deal? (Cover story)." Time 173.26 (2009): 38-42. Academic Search Premier. EBSCO. Web. 17 Nov. 2009. Zagorin, Adam, and Michael Weisskopf. "Inside the Breakdown At the SEC." Time 173.9 (2009): 34. MasterFILE Premier. EBSCO. Web. 28 Apr. 2010.
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