Mughal Emperor Akbar Essay

Mughal Emperor Akbar Essay

Length: 2170 words (6.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Term Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview

Mughal Emperor Akbar


Topic:
What were the contribution of the Mughal emperor Akbar to the creation of an Indian national Identity? What were the greatest obstacles to his achievement in this?


The greatest of the Mughal’s emperors, Akbar, attempted the creation of a

national identity for India by his numerous reforms, literal and cultural

development, and policies of integration and organization. His reforms

included a liberal policy toward the non-Muslims, religious innovations, the

land revenue system and the famous Mansabdari system. His policy of

religious toleration became the most significant aspect during his reign.

Akbar established a new religion, the Din-i-Ilahi. But Akbar’s attempt to

create a national identity and a social equilibrium through his religious

and political innovations was met with many obstacles and much

opposition.



Akbar’s approach to the problem of effectively governing a vast empire,

made up of various ethnic groups, was to identify his interests with those

of the country and set himself to unite all his subjects. Akbar introduced a

policy of reconciliation and assimilation of Hindus, who represented the

majority of the population. Akbar understood the importance of tolerance,

which was paramount to his dynasty’s long-term viability. The Hindus

could only be reconciled by equality of treatment and respect for their

institutions. Their employment was beneficial to the empire, as many

were better businessmen than the Muslim invaders who were uneducated.

Having defeated the Rajputs, the most militant of the Hindu rulers, he

allied himself with them, by recruiting many capable Hindu chiefs with the

highest ranks in government and by conferring honours upon them. To

further build alliance with the Rajputs, he encouraged intermarriages

between Mughal and Rajput aristocracy, setting himself as an example by

marrying daughters of three leading Rajput chiefs.



Akbar’s acts of tolerance were aimed at the Hindu community as a whole

and not just at the Rajputs, who became one of the pillars of the empire.

His efforts to win over the Hindu population included reforms like, allowing

all Hindus to practice their own religion without disturbance, and Akbar

further flattered them by personally participating in the ...


... middle of paper ...


...letely destroyed by his great-grandson, Emperor Aurangzeb .
- 2000 words
- Assessment 84%
- Has never been submitted anywhere except to the university for assessment.


BIBLIOGRAPHY


SECONDARY SOURCES


Allan J. & Dodwell H.H., The Cambridge Shorter History of India,
London, Cambridge University Press, 1934.

De Riencourt, Amaury., The Soul of India,
Revised edn., Great Britain,
Honeyglen Publishing, 1986.

Lamb, Beatrice Pitney., India: A World in Transition,
New York, Frederick A. Praeger, 1963.

Ratman, T., Report on India,
London, Oxford University Press, 1943.

Rawlinson, H.G., India: A Short Cultural History,
New York, Frederick A. Praeger, 1952.

Thapar, Romila., A History of India, vol. 1,
London, Penguin Books, 1990.

Watson, Francis., A Concise History of India,
Great Britain, Thames and Hudson, 1974.





accessed 5 August, 2004.


accessed 5 August, 2004.


accessed 4 August, 2004.


accessed 5 August, 2004.


accessed 4 August, 2004.





accessed 2 August, 2004.


accessed 27 July, 2004


accessed 25 July, 2004.


accessed 25 July, 2004.


accessed 28 July, 2004.


accessed 2 August, 2004

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Bollywood Film, Jodhaa Akbar Essay

- The 2008 Bollywood film, Jodhaa Akbar, portrays a story about an alliance between the third Mughal emperor of India, Akbar and a Hindu Rajput princess Jodhaa. However, the film shows more than a mere love story between the two nobles, but rather it subtly touches on the virtues of pluralism and tolerance, both of which embody modern day India. As stated by Shahnavaz Khan, “It is as much about India’s present as it is about the past.” Her statement supports the theory that political goals and history can have a great effect on people in modern life....   [tags: third Mughal emperor, India, film]

Term Papers
1485 words (4.2 pages)

The Mughal Empire Essay

- The Mughal Empire is known as one of the most influential empires in the world because the Mughals conquered most of India until the 1700s through their religion. “The Mughal Empire grew out of descendants of the Mongol Empire who were living in Turkestan in the 15th century. They had become Muslims and assimilated the culture of the Middle East, while keeping elements of their Far Eastern roots” (BBC News). Mughals invaded India in 1526 but scholars disagree which time period the empire collapsed—the 1700s or 1857....   [tags: Mughal Empire, Agra, Akbar the Great, Jahangir]

Term Papers
1041 words (3 pages)

Akbar The Great Essay example

- Jalal-ud-Din Muhammad Akbar was born on October 14, 1542 in Sindh. In 1540, his father Humayun was forced into exile by Afghan leader Sher Shah and Akbar had to spend his childhood in Afghanistan with his uncle. His childhood was spent in fighting and running instead of learning how to read and write, though he was very interested in art, architecture, music and literature. His father, Humayun, died when Akbar was very young and Akbar was crowned a Mughal emperor around the age of thirteen or fourteen....   [tags: Religious History ]

Term Papers
1608 words (4.6 pages)

Akbar and Aurangzeb’s Policies Essay

- During the early modern period in South Asia, diverse communities interacted and clashed. This also meant that rulers and their policies also clashed one another. The two greatest leader of the Mughal Empire, Akbar and Aurangzeb’s policies went back and forth. Whereas Akbar had to take over the throne at an early age of thirteen, Aurangzeb had to fight and go against his own family members to gain the throne. Akbar began his leadership at a young age that he was never able to learn how to read or write and remained illiterate throughout life....   [tags: South Asia History, War]

Term Papers
999 words (2.9 pages)

Great Individuals: Akbar the Great vs. Louis XIV Essay

- ... First, the lives and reigns of both Akbar and Louis XIV were influenced by multiple factors that served as “caves/chains”, including religion and the conditions under which the two rulers came into power. Not only was Akbar raised an orthodox Muslim, but Muslims also dominated Mughal Indian government at the time when he was born and became emperor. Likewise, Louis XIV was born into the Catholic faith. Furthermore, both leaders inherited their positions from their fathers at a young age with unstable conditions in certain aspects of their empires....   [tags: empire, muslim, india]

Term Papers
764 words (2.2 pages)

Essay Akbar

- Akbar was one of the world's greatest conquerors and an even greater ruler in Indian history. He was born on October 15, 1942 and died October 27, 1605. In 1556, at the young age of 13, Akbar was forced to become ruler when his father, Humayun, died. He learned from mentors and began seizing land. By the time of his death, his empire was almost all of northern India. He was the greatest of the Moguls, the Muslim dynasty that dominated India between the early 15th and 18th centuries. Akbar had many contributions and had a major influence during his time....   [tags: Indian History Leader]

Term Papers
1304 words (3.7 pages)

Essay on Palace Of Fatehpur Sikri : The Architecture Of India

- The architectural monument I am writing on is “Palace of Fatehpur Sikri”, it is in India. It is an ancient monument built by Mughal Emperors. The building mode is the elemental building. There are many different components in this palace. The parti of the palace is “O”. The palace was well planned on the Persian principles. It is composition of many images, it is a palace, tomb, stable, cabin, fort, columns, stairs, towers and arch. This palace is located in the border of a city called Agra district, which falls in the state of Uttar Pradesh in India....   [tags: Mughal Empire, Shah Jahan, Jahangir, Delhi]

Term Papers
809 words (2.3 pages)

Elizabeth Inchbald’s A Mogul Tale Essay

- Elizabeth Inchbald’s A Mogul Tale The year 1784 found an earnest young female playwright, Elizabeth Inchbald, sitting down to pen what would become her “first success as a writer” humbly titled A Mogul Tale.1[1]. The story involves what appears to be an outlandish plot, since it is a farce which revolves around a party of London ballooners who accidentally land in the seraglio of a great mogul2[2]. But applied research finds that Mrs. Inchbald had indeed done her homework, for the dynasty of the Mughals (as modernity has changed the spelling) really did exist....   [tags: Mughal Tale]

Term Papers
1461 words (4.2 pages)

Essay about The Taj Mahal At Agra

- The Taj Mahal at Agra, the most famous building in Asia commissioned in 1632 by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan to house the remains of his beloved wife Arjuman Banu Begum who was given the name Mumtaz Mahal, meaning beloved ornament of the palace. She was the granddaughter of a Persian noble and betrothed at the age of 14 to Shah. Mumtaz became Shah’s greatest love of his life and they were married in 1612 AD. Shah and Mumtaz were inseparable and constant companions. Mumtaz was his trusted confidante and their relationship was documented as intense and erotic by court historians....   [tags: Mughal Empire, Shah Jahan, Taj Mahal, Agra]

Term Papers
1387 words (4 pages)

Essay on The Emperor Jones

- The Emperor Jones In Eugene O'Neil's play, The Emperor Jones, he presents a crucial lesson to mankind: one should not pretend to be someone who he is not. Multiple repercussions may occur to someone who denies their background and race. For example, in The Emperor Jones, the character, Brutus Jones, dissembles as a free white man (Jones was really black and was supposed to be in slavery during that time). Because of Jones' denial, he encounters numerous illusions in the forest of his black heritage, which haunt him until he is finally killed by his natives, under the accusation of an insurgence against his people....   [tags: Emperor Jones Essays]

Free Essays
526 words (1.5 pages)