Take, for example, Guha’s pairing of the environmentalism of India’s Mahatma Ghandi with the “back-to-the-land” movement in the “North.” This is significant for two reasons. First, Guha argues that Ghandi and the earliest of modern environmentalists in 19th century Britain are united by their shared disgust of the Industrial Revolution and a corresponding “ focus on manual labor, [an] elevation of the village as the supreme form of human society, [and] a… rejection of industrial culture as violent”(Guha 24). Ghandi sums up the “back-to-the-land” critique of both North and South nicely as he “thought the distinguishing characteristic of modern civilization is a multiplication of wants…[and] wholeheartedly detest[ed] this mad desire to destroy distance and time, to increase animal appetites, and go to the ends of the earth in search of their satisfaction”(Guha 20). Thus, Guha establishes a linkage between environmentalists t...
... middle of paper ...
...s themselves. Yet, due to Guha’s rigor he has shown the opportunities for reciprocal learning between Mahatma Ghandi and the “back-to-the-landers”, between “scientific conservationists” and the purveyors of the “wilderness ideal”, and ultimately between all humans regardless of their stage of environmental consciousness. His cause should not be taken for granted. At the start of the twentieth century, Freud warned humanity that “the fateful question for the human species seems to be whether and to what extent their cultural development will succeed in mastering the disturbance of their communal life by the human instinct of aggression and self-destruction”(Freud, Civilization and Its Discontents). In the start of the twenty-first century Guha shows how relevant Freud’s hypothesis still is. Even as the resolution of this powerful question still remains uncertain, Guha stands as one of the guides who help lead humanity through the labyrinth of conflicts that threaten to avert the common journey towards a just equilibrium between human freedom and the long-term sustainability of the world.
Brown, Michael P., Replacing Citizenship. New York: The Guilford Press, 1997.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Ozone and Global Environmental Politics A thin layer of gas called atmosphere surrounds the Earth. The atmosphere serves two important purposes: it is a filter for the suns dangerous ultraviolet radiation rays and keeps the heat, necessary to maintain life on earth, within the stratosphere (Vorlat 361). Ultraviolet light is incredibly dangerous to all the organisms within the Earth's ecosystem because it causes skin cancer, effects the immune system, and harms plant and animal life. For that reason the atmosphere and the ozone layer within it are crucial to a stable life on this planet.... [tags: pollution global warming]
5811 words (16.6 pages)
- Global Environmental change also known as global warming has been a rising concern for a while. The International Panel on Climate Change states that Environmental change is anthropogenic. The World Health organization defines anthropogenic climate change a cause of human and human activity. Major causes of environmental change throughout the world are the increase in Carbon dioxide and greenhouse gases.1 In the past when looking at environmental change the main focus has been on the environment and the ozone layer of the earth, but climate change has a very immense effect on human health.... [tags: global warming, environmental issues and concerns]
623 words (1.8 pages)
- Global population control and environmental policies are the subject of international controversy. The rate at which human beings are populating the earth and polluting it are some of the most important factors that face the global society today. As of March 2009, the world population is about 6.76 billion. With the high rate of population increase, the global population is expected to reach 9 billion by 2040. With the number of people in the world today and the amount of consumer goods being purchased and used, these factors present a problem to the state of the environment in the near future.... [tags: Environment, Overpopulation, Global Warming]
1628 words (4.7 pages)
- ... (Friedman 277) Both professors imply that eight of the fifteen solutions provided or adequate amounts of all fifteen must be implemented right now to stop the doubling of CO2 emission while at the same time benefitting the world’s economy. Friedman discusses the solutions provided by Socolow and Palaca as ingenious yet ridiculously challenging as the scale required simultaneously provides an eye opening truth to how severe CO2 emission levels have become, “If the world managed to take just one of those steps, it would be a miracle.... [tags: atmosphere, fuel, global, environment]
1187 words (3.4 pages)
- The Global Warming and Environmental Changes, has a controversial issue that has been whether the facts support this as a real issue and that the worlds temperature is in fact warming or one of this being a myth and the planets overall temperatures are not raising any more or less than in any other time in history; therefore, for years this issue had been a scientific theory, nobody cared about except scientists. Since the 1970’s, the scientists discovered the fact that the temperature of the earth’s is increasing, and that the environment will encounter a real problem because of the humans’ activities on the earth.... [tags: Global warming, Carbon dioxide, Earth]
1644 words (4.7 pages)
- The world we live in today has been becoming more industrialized day by day. Along with all these developments that industrialization brings, there are various other problems that come along with it. The most challenging problems that people are facing from industrialization is environmental issues. For instance, the global warming is the most difficult and obvious problem, it is mostly caused from carbon dioxide emission from many factories and cars produce. In other words, as fuel burning facilities produce more and more carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, the greenhouse gas level in the earth’s atmosphere gradually increases over a time, resulting global temperature to increase due to the... [tags: Kyoto Protocol, Carbon dioxide, Global warming]
1375 words (3.9 pages)
- Introduction In The Development of Environmental Regimes: Chemicals, Wastes, and Climate Change, the authors provide a simple framework to analyze the development of global environmental regimes (GER) which ultimately addresses why states sometimes agree to cooperate on global environmental issues despite divergent interests. The chapter is divided into five subsections but begins with an introduction to explain the five processes involved in the development of GERs. The authors address questions such as who forms GERs and how are they formulated.... [tags: climate change, environmental relations]
1901 words (5.4 pages)
- After watching Heat, it is easy to realize the effects of global warming caused largely by what humanity labels progress and on the “acceleration of human consumption” (Smith). More than ever, individuals are taking a proactive, almost cult-like approach to save planet Earth. But, who is behind this “save the planet” crusade). Who determines what needs to change to protect the earth and its natural resources, and in fact, sustain life itself. Concerned individuals and those dubbed “environmentalists” are behind this effort.... [tags: Environmental Issues]
1090 words (3.1 pages)
- The greenhouse effect and global warming are issues that are talked about by geologists all the time. The greenhouse effect is a natural process that keeps the earth at temperatures that are livable. Energy from the sun warms the earth when its heat rays are absorbed by greenhouse gasses and become trapped in the atmosphere. Some of the most common greenhouse gasses are water vapor, carbon dioxide, and methane. If there were no greenhouse gasses, very few rays would be absorbed and the earth would be extremely cold.... [tags: Environment Global Warming Climate Change]
1827 words (5.2 pages)
- Global Politics The study of international or rather global politics, seeks to provide an account of politics in the broadest domain. The domain of international politics in the twenty-first century is characterised by the increasing number of actors pursuing common and personal interests. It is largely due to the globalised, interdependent nature of the current international political environment that the concepts of sovereignty and power deserve further evaluation. The exercise of authority and power are facts as old as time, throughout the ages men have tried to explain and understand how and why political authority is organised.... [tags: Papers]
6683 words (19.1 pages)