False Recall of Information Essay

False Recall of Information Essay

Length: 1191 words (3.4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Can You Hear What Was Not Said?
Target Article: Roediger, H.L. & McDermott, K.B (1995). Creating False Memories: Remembering Words Not Presented in Lists. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 21, 803-814.
Rational and variables: The experiment that was done was to find out the frequency at which people had false recall of information. The experiment also tested the rates at which people remembered false information that was related to the information that was discuses. The information in the case of the class experiment pertained to alcohol. Through the use of a list of word and a free recall, words related to but not on the list were tested. The rational of the experiment was, the more people who were heavy drinkers would have more target instructions because the are exposed to alcohol and things related to alcohol. However the people that are light drink have less target instructions, because they are not exposed to alcohol related things. The independent variables were the high and low drinkers, and the dependent variables were the target intrusions.
Method: In a PSYC 165 Lab, 48 students participated in an experiment. Of the 48 students 57% of them were woman, and 43% were men. The group’s age ranged from 18 to 22 and consisted of students with African, European, Asian, and Latino background. The Instructor read a list of 9 words that were to be memorized by the group of students, which related to alcohol. When he finished reading them out, there was a 90-second period were the group of student had time to talk with other students around them. The Group of word includes toast, bar, mixer, shot, proof, malt, draft, and spirits. After the 90 seconds was over the participants were asked to recall as many words as they can and were asked to write them down on a piece of paper. Next the patricians were asked to write down their gender, age, ethnicity, and year in school. Then the percipience were also asked their drinking behavior. The instructor explained what was considered a drink, such as 12-ounce beer, 5 ounces of wine, and so on. First question asked by the instructor was how many days per week the patricians drink. The next question was how many days per month they drink, then the average drinks per occasion. The final question asked was the most number of drinks per occasion that the participant had at one time. ...


... middle of paper ...


...in the study should have been more to the point to find out if a person is a heavy drinker or a light drinker. This problem affects the result of the study because we are unable to find out who really is a heavy drinker and a low drinker, which then would mix up our data when we are trying to compare the two with number of target intrusions. I would suggest that we develop new question that is more to the point of finding out the drinking behavior of a person. I believe if we receive information about the heavy and low drinkers then our data may tell us a lot more by comparing the two to see, the number of target intrusions and we also could compare the number of word recalled if you are a heavy or light drinker. The other problem with the experiment was that I don’t believe that the groups of students in the two classes were very diverse. The problem can affect our result because we are unable to see the affect of a result based on a variety of races and religions. To solve the problem the study should be done in a more diverse population. The results would change I believe because of the different trends that different group of communities drink and the kind of memory they have.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on The False Memory Task

- ... A new list begins when participants believe they have all of the correct words from the matrix. The cycle begins again. A list of twelve words are presented, a matrix appears after the twelfth word, and participants select words according to their memory of what was on the list. There are six lists in total, with no practice trials, however there are breaks in between to express the differences in each list. I chose this task because I was rather skeptical and unsure if the task would accomplish its goal in just fifteen minutes....   [tags: false information, ZAP experiments]

Strong Essays
703 words (2 pages)

Essay on Bias and False Memory Recall

- Memory refers to the “facts, events or other kinds of information we have acquired in the past and the processes involved in the acquisition, retention and retrieval of the this information” (Glisky, 2011). We rely on the validity of our memories everyday to perform basic functions such as recalling our name, age and home address. Our memory also forms an integral part of our personality: our recollection of our life experiences. However, can our memory be trusted. This essay will endeavour to show that, while we may feel as though our memory is certain, it is easily tricked and its accuracy cannot be relied upon....   [tags: recollection of previous experiences, stereotypes]

Strong Essays
1142 words (3.3 pages)

Essay on False Memories in the Courtroom

- Imagine spending twenty-four years in prison for a crime you did not commit. Furthermore, imagine that conviction is based on witness testimony and no valid forensic evidence. This is the case for Texas resident Steven Phillips and countless others whose unfortunate circumstances stem from the fallacious nature of human memory. Phillips was wrongly convicted in 1982 based on a few of the many inadequacies of human memory (“Know the Cases”). Unfortunately, this is an all-too-common occurrence due to the high malleability of episodic memory....   [tags: Truth, Lies, and False Memories 2014]

Strong Essays
1960 words (5.6 pages)

Sleep Deprivation And False Memories Essay

- Sleep Deprivation can Lead to False Memories Alyssa N. Hernandez California State University, Fullerton   Sleep Deprivation Can Lead to False Memories False memories are memories of something that did not happen (Radvansky, 2010). Steven J.Frendal and colleagues researched the effect of sleep deprivation on false memories. In this study researchers examined the relationship between self-reported sleep and false memories. Researchers suggest that under certain conditions, sleep deprivation can increase the risk of developing false memories (Frendal et al., 2014)....   [tags: Sleep, Memory, Sleep deprivation, Sleep disorder]

Strong Essays
1338 words (3.8 pages)

What is False Memory Syndrome? Essay

- ... The existing knowledge or memories may interfere with the development of a new memory, causing the new memory of an event to be fallacious or entirely false. According to memory researcher Elizabeth Loftus’ research, false memories can be caused by external suggestions. An example would be Hypnosis, an artificially induced state of relaxation and concentration in which deeper parts of the mind become more accessible. Hypnosis is used clinically to reduce reaction to pain, to encourage free association, etc....   [tags: fabricated remembrance, distortion]

Strong Essays
799 words (2.3 pages)

Essay on Effects of False Memories

- ... The present study aimed to determine whether distractors would elicit false memories. These memories will occur even if participants are aware of false memory effects. It was hypothesised that false memory effects would occur and participants would recall the special distractors as using semantic memory to group items will elicit the memory those words were in the list. Normal distractors will not be recalled due to them not being related to original words. It was also hypothesised that people older in age would produce greater false memory effects....   [tags: Fuzzy-Trace theory]

Strong Essays
1745 words (5 pages)

What Are False Memory? Essay

- What is false memory. False memory is a psychological phenomenon in which a person recollects something differently than the way it actually happened or recalls an event that never existed. This phenomenon of memory has been tested many times using the Wadsworth CogLab false memory experiment. In the Wadsworth experiment, participants are presented with a list of words each of which is shown for one and half seconds. These experiments usually entail six trial lists. After each list is shown, the participants are given a set of response buttons labeled with the words from the list....   [tags: Psychology, Memory, Eyewitness identification]

Strong Essays
1965 words (5.6 pages)

False Memory Essay

- False memory, second to forgetting, is one of the two fundamental types of deformation in episodic memory (Holliday, Brainerd & Reyna, 2010). Simply stated, false memory is the propensity to account normal occurrences as being a fraction of a key experience that in actuality was not an element of that experience (Holliday, Brainerd & Reyna). False memories are something nearly everyone experience. Furthermore, false memory is defined as placed together, constructed representations of mental schemas that are incorrect (Solso, MacLin & MacLin, 2008)....   [tags: Research Analysis ]

Strong Essays
1799 words (5.1 pages)

Essay on What´s False Memory?

- When people think of memory, they most likely picture it as a perfect replica of the actual events that took place in their life time that can be replayed in their head over and over again in perfect sequence. But, memories can be very deceiving and inaccurate, misleading people into thinking they did something or were somewhere when they actually weren’t. These memories that we believe are real and are actually made up memories that the brain creates are called false memories. False memories feel so real to people that they in fact believe that they are what actually happened in their past....   [tags: memories, crash, distorted memory]

Strong Essays
1410 words (4 pages)

False Memory Syndrome And The Brain Essay

- False Memory Syndrome And The Brain In the mid-nineties, a sniper's hammering shots echoed through an American playground. Several children were killed and many injured. A 1998 study of the 133 children who attended the school by psychologists Dr. Robert Pynoos and Dr. Karim Nader, experts on Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder among children, yielded a very bizarre discovery. Some of the children who were not on the schools grounds that day obstinately swore they had very vivid personal recollections of the attack happening (1)....   [tags: Neurological Biology Essays]

Strong Essays
1158 words (3.3 pages)