Marco Polo was born in c.1254 in Venice. He was a Venetian explorer and merchant whose account of his travels in Asia was the primary source for the European image of the Far East until the late 19th century. Marco’s father, Niccolo, and his uncle Maffeo had traveled to China in 1260 - 1269 as merchants. Despite Marco’s enduring fame very little was known about the personal life of Marco Polo. It is known that he was born into a leading Venetian family of merchants. He also lived during a propitious time in world history, when the height of Venice’s as a city-state coincided with the greatest extent of Mongol conquest of Asia. (http://darter.ocps.k12.fl.us/classroom/who/darter1/polo.htm )
Ruled by Kublai Khan, the Mongol hordes also threatened other parts of Europe, particularly Poland and Hungary, inspiring fears everywhere by their bloodthirsty advances. Yet the ruthless methods brought a measure of stability to the lands they controlled, opening up trade routes such as the famous Silk Road. Eventually, the Mongols discovered that it was more profitable to collect tribute from people that to kill them outright. Knowing this a number of European traders ventured, including the family of Marco Polo. (Marco Polo and the Medieval Explorers)
In 1269, Niccolo and Maffeo Polo arrived back in Venice, where Niccolo found out his wife had died while he was gone. Their son Marco was only about fifteen years old. Marco was raised primarily by his mother and the streets of Venice. These experiences had a big influence on young Marco.
In 1268, Pope Clement IV died, and there was about a three-year delay while another pope was being elected. This gave Marco time to mature and absorb the tales of his father and uncle. Marco was seventeen years old when he, his father and uncle set out for the court of Kublai Khan. They were also accompanied by two Dominican friars, and the good friars turned back at the first sign of adversity, another local war in Levant. Marco was the only new person in the Polo’s party, but he was a representative of the spirit of European civilization on the eve of the Renaissance. (The Travels of Marco Polo)
On the way to Khan’s court, Marco had the opportunity to complete his education. T...
... middle of paper ...
...cognize them, then they were astounded, and then were disgusted by their shabby appearance. The disgust changed to delight when the Polo’s invited everyone to a homecoming banquet, ripped apart their old clothes, and let all the hidden jewels clatter to the table.
Marco was not yet ready to settle down. He became involved in naval warfare between Venetians and their trading rivals the Genoese. In 1298 Marco was captured and put in prison in Genoa. In prison Marco met a man named Rustichello from Persia, who was a writer. To pass the time Marco dictated his observations about Asia to Rustichello. After his prison experience, which lasted about a year, Marco was content to lead a quiet life in Venice with the rest of his family. He married Donata Badoer, a member of the Venetian aristocracy. Marco died in 1324 at the age of seventy. He left most of his wealth to his three daughters.. (http://darter.ocps.k12.fl.us/classroom/who/darter1/polo.htm )
2. The Travels of Marco Polo, Mary Hull
3. Marco Polo in China, Li Man Kin
4. Marco Polo and the Medieval Explorers, Rebecca Stefoff
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Human history is filled with the names of bold explorers who ventured into the great unknown, only to come out basked in glory as some of the great heroes of their day. Among the grandest are Marco Polo, who provided little known information about the Far East to Europeans, and Hernan Cortes, the great Spanish conquistador who is given credit for the defeat of the Mexica Empire. These two famous explorers are also ideal case studies to analyze the influence of expectations, interests, and of reality on the accounts of the places and people that these men encountered during their voyages.... [tags: Hernan Cortes, Marco Polo]
2074 words (5.9 pages)
- Success in a journey can be defined by the combination of gaining experience, the completion of goals, and in specific cases, improving foreign and domestic relationships. By following this definition, it is obvious that Marco Polo had a successful journey. Not only was he able to document his journey to China, but he was also able to spread his experience throughout Europe, thereby immortalizing his name. Marco Polo took the long journey to China with his father and his uncle which changed his life forever.... [tags: History ]
854 words (2.4 pages)
- How good of a book could be written in prison. Of course it’s possible, but would it be good enough to become famous and be a huge inspiration to people. Well this is exactly what Marco Polo did. He wrote a book in prison, and it was great enough to become famous. Marco had a very adventurous life and has an amazing story to tell. He did everybody a huge favor and put it pen to paper. He had his substantial times and heavy times, but the substantial times reign over the heavy tremendously. Marco Polo didn’t have both parents around when he was growing up.... [tags: biography, prison, venice italy, ]
1123 words (3.2 pages)
- The wide spread writings of Marco Polo and William of Rubruck provide an early account of world travel during the 13th Century. These dual accounts give readers a different perspective of the Mongol’s way of life, their social hierarchy, and their method of commerce. The Mongols, whether beheld as barbaric conquerors or as an Empire for its multiplicity, were transcribed in the writings of Polo and Rubruck. Details are important to establish a sense of place and their surrounding peoples as well as a personal view of foreign people.... [tags: early accounts of world travelinf]
1302 words (3.7 pages)
- Many children, including myself, have once played the game Marco Polo. Although, I have always been curious, who exactly is Marco Polo. My fascination of Marco Polo warped into a fixation of his travels. Marco Polo was born in Venice in the year 1254. His father, Nicolo, and his uncle, Maffeo, were merchants who had seats in the great nobleman council of Venice (Polo IV). According to his records, he had traveled thousands of miles with his father and uncle. Marco, Nicolo and Maffeo (known as the Polos) left Venice, and did not return for twenty-six years.... [tags: World Travel, Literature]
1050 words (3 pages)
- Vocabulary Axis Expansion 1. The Marco Polo Bridge Incident marked the beginning of further Japanese expansion in China. In the July of 1937, the Japanese conducted training without a notice, and the startled Chinese and the Japanese exchanged fire. One Japanese soldier from the small squabble was missing, and the Japanese accused the Chinese of taking him captive, demanding a full search of the area. The Chinese denied it, offering one soldier to accompany their thorough search of the area. Although this incident could have died down, but tensions ran high.... [tags: World War II, Battle of Midway]
1503 words (4.3 pages)
- ... He was then the governor of a Chinese city, an official of the Privy Council, and a tax inspector. He inquired great knowledge on his trip. He was astonished by their economy and form of currency. The group of men stayed in China for seventeen years before deciding to come home. Khan only allowed the men to leave if they brought a Mongol princess back home with them. She was to marry a Persian prince. They agreed. Marco, Marco’s father, and Marco’s uncle travelled home by sea. They travelled on a caravan filled with hundreds of people, although many died due to storms and disease.... [tags: trip, exploration, merchants, father]
781 words (2.2 pages)
- Marco Polo began his travels in 1271 with his father and uncle from Venice on a journey east. What was it that made Polo such a known and remembered traveler. Was it because he worked alongside Kublai Klan for 17 years, or because the stories that he brought back after his years of travel. He traveled for 24 years throughout Asia, beginning alongside his father and sometimes traveling alone. Polo had a tough early childhood but the rest of his travels made up for his loss of his mother at an early age.... [tags: Mongol Empire, Marco Polo, Genghis Khan]
1417 words (4 pages)
- Marco Polo Marco Polo was born in c.1254 in Venice. He was a Venetian explorer and merchant whose account of his travels in Asia was the primary source for the European image of the Far East until the late 19th century. Marco’s father, Niccolo, and his uncle Maffeo had traveled to China in 1260 - 1269 as merchants. Despite Marco’s enduring fame very little was known about the personal life of Marco Polo. It is known that he was born into a leading Venetian family of merchants. He also lived during a propitious time in world history, when the height of Venice’s as a city-state coincided with the greatest extent of Mongol conquest of Asia.... [tags: essays research papers fc]
1030 words (2.9 pages)
- Marco Polo is one of the most well-known heroic travelers and traders around the world. In my paper I will discuss with you Marco Polo's life, his travels, and his visit to China to see the great Khan. Marco Polo was born in c.1254 in Venice. He was a Venetian explorer and merchant whose account of his travels in Asia was the primary source for the European image of the Far East until the late 19th century. Marco's father, Niccolù, and his uncle Maffeo had traveled to China (1260-69) as merchants.... [tags: Biographies Biographical Essays]
1846 words (5.3 pages)