Louis Braille was born in the Coupvray, France on January 4, 1809. His mother
and father were Monique and Simon René Braille. Louis was the youngest of four other
children. Their names were Louis-Simon, Catherine-Josephine, and Marie-Celine.
Louis’ father, Simon René, was a saddler. He made saddles and harnesses for
horses. His father had also been a saddler. Louis family led a simple, ordinary life. They
owned their farmhouse and seven and a half acres of land. Louis dad’s workshop was
also on this land. The Braille’s didn’t have that much money, but there was always
plenty of food on the table. The family lived on a road called Chemin des Buttes. It
would later be renamed to Rue Louis Braille.
Louis would often visit his dad in the workshop. To Louis the shop was an
exiting adventure every time he would walk in there. The workshop smelt of leather, and
bridles, reins, and straps hung everywhere. In the middle of the workshop stood a bench
with many sharp tool. Not a very safe place for a three year old.
The tragedy is not known in perfect detail. Nor is the exact date known. But it
happened sometime in the year 1812. The investigating three-year-old boy climbed onto
the workbench in the workshop when his father was not looking. Louis reached for an
awl or knife. Soon after, people nearby heard yelling coming from the workshop. Louis
was crying, and blood gushed down his face. His hands had slipped off the sharp tool,
and the awl had cut into his eye. Louis mom and dad did every thing they could for the
helpless child. They cleaned the bleeding eye and covered it up with bandages. When
the bleeding stopped, they took Louis to the doctor. In those days doctors didn’t know
a lot about helping infections. Powerless the doctor and the Braille family looked on as
Louis’ infection spread to the other eye. Every thing became blurry for Louis. He began
to bump into things; he would drop things, and began to stumble constantly. His family
took him to an eye doctor in a adjacent town, but the doctor couldn’t help the poor child.
Louis’ sight got even worse each day. Eventually, he lost all sight in both eyes.
... middle of paper ...
... of teaching
for two years before he was able to come back to work. Only about a week after he was
teaching he began to bleed. So the doctor sent him home once again.
Many years past before he go back to school. When he was able to get back on
his feet there was a new school in place. Many famous people visited the school. The
new buildings were ready in 1843. The students moved to the new school with all their
belongings. The new building was clean and airy.
By 1850, Louis was feeling very sick again. The school director let Louis stay at
the school and teach a few piano lessons. By December 1851, Braille knew he was
dying, so Louis put his will in order. He left many of his belongings to his friend Coltat,
who gave them to the students who loved Braille. Louis gave the rest of his stuff to his
Louis Braille died on January 6, 1852. He had just turned forty-three. Louis was
buried at Coupvray. His final ride home was the same road he had traveled to Paris
with his father. In 1854, France adopted the Braille system as its official system for blind
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