In evaluating US involvement in the Iraq conflict in terms of the Just
War Doctrine - jus ad bellum and jus in bello - it is my opinion that the US
adhered to the Doctrine in its entirety. The US acted justly both in its
entering into the Gulf conflict (jus ad bellum) and in its conduct while in the
conflict (jus in bello). To support this opinion I will individually address
the co parts that constitute the Just War Doctrine and show how US participation
in the Iraq war abstained from violating the tenets of either co-part.
Jus Ad Bellum
Jus Ad Bellum, the justness of entering into conflict consists of six primary
tenets: legitimate authority, just cause, proportionality, right intention,
chance of success, and last resort.
1. Legitimate Authority - Only those of legitimate authority may justly
lead its country into war. This tenet disqualify revolutionaries, radicals
and/or subversives who seek to justly initiate war. War is to be the decisions
of the head of state and is to be subject to their guidance.
2. Just Cause - A just conflict may not be initiated void of just cause.
This tenet disallows justifying war for the purpose of economic gain, land
acquisition, or strategic position. If war is to be justly initiated just cause,
usually humanitarian, must first exist.
3. Right Intention - This relates to the tenet of just cause. Just
cause must be followed by right intention. It would be unjust seek a goal
devoid of the just cause.
4. Proportionality - Also in relation to just cause is the tenet of
proportionality. Proportionality must exist between the cause and the decision
to go to war. For country (a) to initiate a total war with country (b) because
of a minor violation that country (b) was responsible for would be
unproportional and unjust. There is not cause enough to warrant country (b)
being subjected to a total war.
5. Chance of Success - War must be initiated with a chance of success.
It would be unjust to lead people into a war they have no chance of winning. It
would more just to bow to superiority and fight another day than to commit to a
policy of suicide.
6. Last Resort - This is probab...
... middle of paper ...
Though the US possessed immense destructive capabilities they employed only
that necessary to get the job done. The most effective aspect of the coalition
forces was their air assault. The various jet-fueled fighters and bombers the
US employed were more than capable of turning Iraq quite literally into a
parking lot. They did not. Instead bombing occurred only where enemy forces or
enemy armament was suspected to be stored. Civilian areas were not fired upon
unless a threat, such as an anti-aircraft gun, was placed in a civilian area,
and in these instances pin-point missiles were used to eliminate the threat with
as little destruction to the surrounding area as possible. This adheres to the
moral means doctrine which finds indiscriminate weapons unjust. Though the US
was authorized to use any and all means they employed nothing more than what was
necessary to complete the job adequately.
As I stated above UN Resolution 678 left the door wide open to possible
violations of International Law. Despite this US went beyond the call of duty
to assure that its role in the Gulf conflict was just. Risking their own well
being, US pilots often gav
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Merchant Mariners in the Gulf War Keyser, Mackoy, Fuss, Matthews The Military Sealift Command Fleet has been an instrument of great importance when it comes to facilitating the needs of the Navy. In terms of length of service, the Merchant Marine program has been active longer than both the Navy and the Army. In the history of the United States, it has helped secure safe passages for international waterways and resupplied ships in sunny breezes and stormy gales. In terms of Military support it has been the greatest single implementation that has taken the world by storm and has changed peoples perspectives of how a nation can wage war or defend itself from a foreign power.... [tags: Contributions, United States, Military]
1421 words (4.1 pages)
- The ways in which the United States has conducted its military operations since becoming an independent nation has largely depended upon the overall political and military objectives of each individual conflict. The United States first three hot wars after the end of World War II display the marked difference in US objectives and the operations used to achieve them better than any other modern wars in which American troops participated. By and large the Korean War, Vietnam War, and Persian Gulf War had virtually no similarities, particularly in the ways in which each was fought.... [tags: US military objectives and operations ]
1232 words (3.5 pages)
- ... Decades later, the National Security Agency reported that the report was faulty. Although this intelligence was not reported to the public until after the conflict, it is evidence that the Johnson Administration was not always truthful to the American public. Johnson’s approval rating soared after the passage of the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution but his favorable ratings declined shortly after because he was accused of not being honest with the American people. Johnson was perceived as untruthful by the American public which caused unrest and frustration with Johnson’s constituency.... [tags: communism, conflict, vietnam, frustration]
1035 words (3 pages)
- The Cold War The United States and the Soviet Union started off as allies in World War II to take down Adolf Hitler. However, their views differed dramatically. The Cold War was full of military conflicts involving the United States, Soviet Union, and their allies. This led to several wars for the fight to end Communism. The Cold War affected many people, including people overseas, and those at home in the United States. Initially, the United States viewed the Soviet Union as a threat due to Stalin’s intentions of spreading communism.... [tags: Cold War, World War II, Vietnam War, Soviet Union]
1272 words (3.6 pages)
- For many Americans it is common knowledge to know about the Vietnam War; however, for some Americans the Vietnam War is ancient history, dishonorable, but irrelevant nonetheless. If people do not physically see the many horrors of war it is easy to forget; although maybe it is something we try to forget. However, there are some who may be able to forget there will be some, like politicians, that will not forget. The Vietnam War had a terrible impact on both the United States and Vietnam, and more importantly it would affect foreign policy for many years to come.... [tags: Vietnam War Essays]
1059 words (3 pages)
- A Step into Iraq The country of Iraq is located between six countries in the Middle East. It is north of Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, and south of Turkey. Because of its geographical location, it has been through many conflicts throughout its history that date back to biblical times, formerly known as Mesopotamia. Other countries along its borders to the east and west are Syria, Jordan and Iran. One of the main terrain features of Iraq consists of extensive plains that cover the Central and southeastern parts of the country as well as an enormous dessert that covers the west and southeast region spreading across to the west of Kuwait.... [tags: Iraq, Gulf War, Iran–Iraq War, Iran]
1354 words (3.9 pages)
- The History of Two Nations at War Iran and Iraq’s relations have been hostile since the Iran-Iraq war, also known as the first Persian Gulf War. The war lasted from September 1980 to August 1988, making it the 20th century 's longest conventional war. Saddam, who was the 5th president of Iraq, was so amused with the continuous battles that he made it a point to have the Iraqi 25-dinar note display the Battle of al-Qadisiyyah on its currency. For nearly nine years, both countries suffered millions of casualties and lost countless amounts of dollars in destruction (Karsh, 2002).... [tags: Iran, Iraq, Iran–Iraq War, Saddam Hussein]
1017 words (2.9 pages)
- The United States became increasingly involved with the War in Vietnam mostly thanks to their enmity with Russia due to the fact they were Communist, and how the USSR spread claiming countries that could’ve been turned democratic and become trading partners of the US. While Russia, Britain and the USA were all allies in WW1, they disagreed on many things, especially on how Germany should be punished and how should Europe be handled. THE USSR AND THE USA. During 1940-1970, the USSR and the USA were the world’s leading superpowers.... [tags: Vietnam War]
1102 words (3.1 pages)
- The Future of Conflict At the beginning of the quarter, I was discussing war with my father. He said to me, “War is nothing more than politics gone awry. Just remember- It's all shades of gray, my son. Ain't any black and white except on an old TV”. After mulling over this for several weeks, I came to the profound conclusion that war between states was quickly becoming obsolete. As we explore the politics of the twenty first century, we can draw the conclusion that global conflict as we know it is nearing an end.... [tags: Politics Political Essays]
1390 words (4 pages)
- The Purpose of the Vietnam War The Vietnam War was the longest and most expensive war in American History. The toll we paid wasn't just financial, it cost the people involved greatly, physically and mentally. This war caused great distress and sadness, as well as national confusion. Everyone had that one burning question being why. Why were we even there. The other question being why did America withdrawal from Vietnam. The purpose of this paper is to answer these two burning questions, and perhaps add some clarity to the confusion American was experiencing.... [tags: Vietnam War US]
1217 words (3.5 pages)