Locke was born in the village of Wrington, Somerset, on August 29, 1632. He was educated at the University of Oxford and lectured on Greek, rhetoric, and moral philosophy at Oxford from 1661 to 1664. In 1667 Locke began his association with the English statesman Anthony Ashley Cooper, 1st earl of Shaftesbury, to whom Locke was friend, adviser, and physician. Shaftesbury secured for Locke a series of minor government appointments. In 1669, in one of his official capacities, In 1675, after the liberal Shaftesbury lost is power, Locke went to France. In 1679 he returned to England, but in view of his opposition to the Roman Catholicism favored by the English monarchy at that time, he soon found it expedient to return to France. From 1683 to 1688 he lived in Holland, and following the so-called Glorious Revolution of 1688 and the restoration of Protestantism to favor, Locke returned once more to England. The new king, William III, appointed Locke to the Board of Trade in 1696, a position from which he resigned because of ill health in 1700. He died in Oates on October 28, 1704.
Locke's empiricism emphasizes the importance of the experience of the senses in pursuit of knowledge rather than speculation or reasoning. The empiricist doctrine was first developed by the English philosopher sir Francis Bacon early in the 17th century, but Locke organized his ideas in an article in 1690 called Essay Concerning ...
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- I. Introduction “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness” (“Declaration”). These words, spoken by a wise and prominent man by the name of Thomas Jefferson, were greatly influenced by the Enlightenment’s most profound philosopher, John Locke. Since the beginning of Enlightenment to the 21st century, Locke’s ideas have been behind countless innovators, philosophers, and politicians; including our very own Founding Fathers.... [tags: Enlightenment, Philospher, Biography]
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- ... Due to the fact that he was a member of the Shaftesbury household, he was enriched by the ideas of government and politics, which lead him to develop his ideas on freedom and the power of the people (Uzgalis). Locke portrayed these ideas when writing Two Treatises of Civil Government and An Essay Concerning Human Understanding in the early 1680s; however, it was not published until 1690 due to the political unrest that England was facing at the time. During his final years, he worked as the chief of trade and plantations, while still writing countless numbers of works that were directed to answering the difficulties faced by the government.... [tags: notorious philosphers]
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- John Locke was someone more than just an ordinary man. He was the son of a country attorney and born on August 29, 1632. He grew up during the civil war and later entered the Church of Christ, Oxford, where he remained as a student and teacher for many years. (Rivitch 23) With a wide variety of political and religious views, he expressed most of his personnel views on education and social and political philosophies. Once he noted the five lasting pleasures throughout his career were health, good news, knowledge, doing good, and eternal paradise.... [tags: Empiricists, Empiricism]
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- Thomas Hobbes and John Locke are two of the most premier English Political Theorists of the 17th century. With the nature of government at the heart of both Philosophers ' most important accounts, Hobbes and Locke both began their government views with separate ideas of a state of nature, or a pre-political, society. Eventually transitioning into two differing views of an acceptable form of government within a society, Thomas Hobbes and John Locke ended their philosophical "careers" with different views of what a government should look like.... [tags: Political philosophy, John Locke, Social contract]
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- John Locke believed in limited government. He said that government should be like a contract and people can overthrow the government if the government abuses his or her position. He also believed that people have the individual rights to be heard. He mentioned that people are born with freedom. Everyone, regardless of sex, race, ethnicity, age etc. have the same rights as everyone else. I think John Locke would support Norman Rockwell’s painting, because the white soldiers seems to be protecting a young colored girl holding notebooks and a ruler which, I think, symbolizes the protection of education for different races.... [tags: Political philosophy, John Locke]
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- Throughout history, man has sought after the preservation of his natural rights. The idea of protecting these rights has put many political thinkers into conversation with one another, opening the door to a plethora of ideas and critiques on these important ideas. Liberal contract theorists, such as John Locke, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and Adam Smith, are seen as committed to the protection of individual rights above all other powers. On the other hand, many critics such as, Karl Marx, Carole Pateman, and Charles Mills, address foundational issues that the liberal theorists omit.... [tags: Political philosophy, Democracy, John Locke]
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- John Locke, Rousseau, and Napoleon all have very different views on what would make a good society. Locke uses a democracy/republican type view that many countries still model after today. Locke’s view on a happy society is the most open and kind to its people, out of the three. Rousseau takes the complete opposite stance from Locke in thinking a more dictatorship government would be what is best for society as a whole as what is good for one person is good for one’s society. Napoleon plays by his own rules with telling people he will follow Lockean like views only to really want to be an absolutist government under his own power.... [tags: Political philosophy, John Locke, Liberty]
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- John Locke a famous political philosopher left his mark in history through his writings, his political philosophy, and his studies of knowledge, understanding and education. Locke well educated received some of his education at Westminster in London, moving onto earn his Masters of Arts in 1658. Locke studied logic, metaphysics and old languages. (Biography Channel, 2013) Locke’s studies in logic and understanding apparent in his writings throughout his lifetime. Locke’s political philosophy took root in Europe.... [tags: political philosophers]
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- The philosophers, Thomas Hobbes and John Locke had very different ideas as to what type of government would best suit a society leaving the state of nature. The two not only differed in their perceptions of the state of nature, but they stemmed their philosophies from radically dissimilar pictures of human nature. Despite a few partial-similarities, Hobbes’ and Locke’s theories are mainly contrasting. When it comes to human nature, Locke believed that all men are altruistic and inherently good in the state of nature.... [tags: Political philosophy, Social contract, John Locke]
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- John Locke and Thomas Hobbes could of been of the most significant person for their times. Mr. Locke is well known philosopher in the scientific and political field, while Hobbes was known for his own political work. Mr. Locke scientific background made him famous when he came up with the term “Tabula Rasa”, which means blank slate, an empty surface, where every day experiences help shape who we are. Mr. Locke wrote one of his most important ideas in the book called “An Essay Concerning Human Understanding”.... [tags: Political philosophy, Social contract, John Locke]
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