The purpose of this paper is to describe the life and the contribution to the development of the British Empire of one of the most important English explorers. It was in the second half of the 18th century when James Cook, originally a poor farm boy, explored and mapped vast uncharted areas of the Pacific and the Atlantic Ocean. However, James Cook was not ‘only’ an explorer. He can also be called a scientist – he managed to introduce new principles into seafaring and cartography.
For better understanding, the paper is divided into five chapters. The first chapter is the introduction, which throws light on the purpose and structure of the paper.
The second chapter is a brief introduction to the situation in Great Britain in the 18th century. It helps to explain why and how the so called “the First British Empire” was built up and later destroyed, and what led to the creation of “the Second British Empire”.
The third chapter deals with Capt. Cook’s life and his three unique expeditions to the Pacific.
The fourth part of the paper summarises Cook’s achievements and his contribution to the development of the British Empire.
The fifth chapter forms the conclusion of the paper.
II) A brief introduction to the situation in Great Britain in the 18th century.
Great Britain became a great world power in this period. Under the leadership of William Pitt the Elder, Britain’s Prime Minister and at the same time a man who believed that the strength of the nation's economy depended on overseas expansion, the country gained vast territories all over the world and the so called “the First British Empire” was founded.
The reasons why Great Britain was so successful can be divided into four groups:
• “Revolutions” – the Industrial Revolution, a financial revolution and a revolution in agriculture made Britain the leading power in Europe. The creation of the Bank of England in 1694 helped to raise capital for colonial wars and to support British trade. At the beginning of the 18th century a series of mechanical inventions enabled the building of the world's first mechanised factories. A steam engine invented in1769 provided the power to drive machinery and thus enabled mass production of goods. The new ways of making products more quick...
... middle of paper ...
.... Impérium. Praha: BB art, 1999
Encarta 98 encyclopedia. „Cook, Captain James.“ Microsoft. CD-ROM.
Microsoft Item: X03-22823
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- In the management process, leadership is the first and can be the most influential part of the process. Both Steve Jobs and Tim Cook have very similar approaches to leadership styles in regards to the vision for Apple. Steve’s is more on a vision for the future charismatic side where as Cook’s vision is tied into social and ethical responsibilities. While they have differences in the approach to the direction of the company, they use their position of power to influence decisions and visions. In Chapter 11 of Exploring Management, “Tom Peters says that a leader is “rarely –possibly never- the best performer”” (Schermerhorn , 2014, p.264).... [tags: Steve Jobs, Leadership, Timothy D. Cook, IPhone]
1726 words (4.9 pages)
- James Cook the Pioneer Out in the middle of an unknown body of water, traveling distances only judged with elementary equipment, seeing life forms before anyone else on the earth. Covered in a constant layer of salt, your last meal consisted of stale water, sauerkraut and some salted packed meat. The trip lasts for years and it won't be your last. These trips were performed by many sailors but none as important to Oceanography as James Cook. The reason for his travels was to establish British holdings in the southern seas.... [tags: Papers]
445 words (1.3 pages)
- Did you know one European found five different islands. The islands are New Zealand, New Guinea, Hawaii, Tahiti, and Australia. His name is James Cook. He was a great explorer from Europe. James Cook was born on October 27, 1728 in Yorkshire, England. James Cook and his father share the same name James Cooks’ mother’s name is Grace Pace prior to marriage. His siblings are John, Christina, Mary, Jane, Mary (2), Margaret, and William. James Cook married Elizabeth Cook they had six children they are James, Nathaniel, Elizabeth, George, and Hugh.... [tags: Biography]
619 words (1.8 pages)
- Lifespan development means to age-related changes that occur from the day of birth, throughout a persons ' life, into and during old age. During this course I learn a lot of new concepts, the most interesting thing that I learn was the contributions that Piaget left in the field of lifespan and development. Piaget was a wonderful man that was born in 1896 in Switzerland. He was interested in the natural and biological world at a very young age. He studied at the University of Zurich he published two philosophical articles that he then later dismissed as adolescent confusion.... [tags: Psychology, Developmental psychology]
1040 words (3 pages)
- Southeast Asia prehistoric settlers arrived on Australia 40,000 years before the Europeans began claiming territories in the 17 century. A British explorer name James Cook has claimed Australia’s east coast in name of Great Britain. In 1829 all of Australia was claimed as British territory. The natural resources where used to develop manufacturing and agricultural industries to contribute to the British effort in WWI and WWII. Australia has become competitive internationally in the market economy due to the economic reforms.... [tags: Australia, british territory]
1250 words (3.6 pages)
- From beginning of a new life, a child 's human development is being influenced by family, school, peer groups, and mass media. When a baby is born, they are depended on their parents and guardians to take care of them and as they continue to grow they rely on their parents to teach them how to potentially take care of themselves. Family is the first contribution towards human development. When parents decide simple things like chores for a child, they are influencing their development. For example, when a parent assigns their female child to help with the cooking and setting of the table and then assign their male child in charge of mowing the lawn, they have instilled stereotypical gender... [tags: Family, Developmental psychology]
776 words (2.2 pages)
- Psychology is a vast field which consists of theories and approaches where it involves certain assumptions on human behavior. How they function and the aspects of the behavior that needs to be studied, in addition to the research methods that are needed to be followed in order to understand it thoroughly. These approaches provide characteristic viewpoints and emphasize different factors. These approaches have contributed towards the development of modern psychology in various ways. There are many historical approaches that lead to determining of psychology to the field it is today.... [tags: human behavior, behaviorism, structuralism]
1133 words (3.2 pages)
- Simon Cook and the Digital World Industrialization and the Digital A contemporary, Simon Cook, argues that the origins of the digital world can be traced to the times of Late-Victorian thought. Though he provides a compelling history of the visual, the digital world on a whole does not derive from the Late-Victorian pictorial diagrams from such logicians as Venn, Carroll, or Marshall as Cook contends. My argument throughout the rest of this paper will use the work of three economists— Adam Smith, Charles Babbage, and Alfred Marshall— to show that the origins of Cook’s visual interface in Late-Victorian times do not coincide with the foundation of the digital; rather, the establishment of... [tags: Simon Cook Argumentative Persuasive Essays]
1912 words (5.5 pages)
- Encounter Between the Hawaiians and Captain Cook The arguments of Marshall Sahlins and Gananath Obeseyekere with regard to the cross-cultural encounter between Captain Cook and his men demonstrated different viewpoints and beliefs pertaining to whether or not Captain Cook and his men were perceived to be gods by the Hawaiians. Sahlins and Obeyesekere based the validity of Cook’s deification on several factors that will be focused on below. They both used the physical aspects of Captain Cook in relation to his being perceived as a god or not by the Hawaiians.... [tags: History Hawaii Cook God Essays]
1529 words (4.4 pages)
- Immigrants Contribution In USA Development As we all know that USA is a country build by immigrants from all over the world, particularly from Europe and South America. During the Second World War most of the scientist from Germany and Europe settled in U.S.A. Again in the early seventies and eighties, a large number of young people entered USA as students and thereafter legally got the immigration through sponsorship of spouse, relatives and employers, Most of these immigrants after settling in USA not only contributed in the growth of economy but also were instrumental in developing the high technology for which America today is famous.... [tags: essays research papers]
885 words (2.5 pages)