On July 23, 1962, in the charming village of Cooperstown, New York, four new members were inducted into baseball’s Hall of Fame. As they gathered around the wooden platform, the fans reminisced about America’s national pastime. Edd Roush and Bill McKechnie, sixty-eight and seventy-four years old respectively, were two of the inductees that day (Robinson 142). They were old-timers chosen by the veterans’ committee. Bob Feller and Jackie Robinson, both forty-two, were youngsters by comparison. According to the rules of the Hall of Fame, a player must be retired for five years before he can be considered for induction. Both Feller and Robinson were elected in the first year they were eligible (141).
As Robinson received his plaque to take his place among the greats in the Hall of Fame, he said, “I’ve been riding on cloud number nine since the election, and I don’t think I’ll ever come down. Today everything is complete“ (Robinson 142). After the induction ceremony, an exhibition game between the Milwaukee Braves and the New York Yankees was to take place at Doubleday Field, where the sport had its beginnings. A sudden thunderstorm delayed the game, and after an hours wait it was cancelled. At this same time, picketers in the streets of Harlem were carrying signs saying, “Jackie, we love you as a ballplayer, but not as a spokesman for the Negro race“ (143).
Just two days earlier at a banquet in the Waldorf Astoria Hotel in New York City, many people had paid $25 a plate to show their admiration for Jackie as both a ballplayer and a representative of the Negro race as well. Some of the most distinguished figures in the nation were present this day and their praise was loud and long (Mann 187). Jackie had accepted without hesitation a challenge to break a prevailing color barrier in the national sport of America with complete knowledge of how much depended on him. Few men had ever faced such competitive odds when becoming a player in organized baseball. Despite criticism and opposition, Jack Roosevelt Robinson had truly come a long way from his poor beginnings as the grandson of slaves in Cairo, Georgia, to breaking the racial barriers in major league baseball by becoming its first black athlete and achieving hall of fame status.
Jackie Robinson’s childhood was a struggle in family and financ...
... middle of paper ...
...s and coaches can now be found in the dugout and a few black managers on third base. However, the great Dodger would most likely have kept pushing to see more racial diversity in baseball, particularly among the executive ranks. The Hall of Fame second baseman was never satisfied with second best.
Bontemps, Arna. Famous Negro Athletes. New York: Dodd, Mead and
Brown, Avonie. “Jackie Robinson, Dodgers #42.” The Afro-American
Newspaper Company of Baltimore, Inc., 1997.
Robinson, Jackie. I Never Had It Made. New Jersey: The Ecco Press, 1995.
Smith, Robert. Pioneers of Baseball. Boston: Little, Brown, 1978.
“Soul of the Game.” The Sporting News, 2000.
TIME. Great People of the 20th Century. New York: Time Inc. Home
Walker, Sam. “How Blacks View Sports in Post-Robinson Era.”(cover story)
Christian Science Monitor 1997: 1
Young, A.S. “Doc.” Negros Firsts in Sports. Chicago: Johnson Publishing
Company, Inc., 1963
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Jackie Robinson Jackie Robinson and integration are two phrases that cannot be segregated. Whether he liked it or not, he played the star role in the integration of society during the time that he played Major League Baseball with the Brooklyn Dodgers. His heroic journey that landed him in the Majors shows, “how integration has come to baseball and how it can be achieved in every corner of the land'; (Robinson 16). But this amazing triumph over the Jim Crow laws could only have been possible in New York as Robinson says, “Cooperstown, New York, and Birmingham, Alabama, are both in the Unites States.... [tags: essays research papers fc]
1081 words (3.1 pages)
- Character can be defined by the acts one does when no one is watching. Character can also be thought of as how one reacts when subjected to the face of adversity. An excerpt from The Bible, Luke 6:29-31, says, “If someone hits you on one cheek, offer the other too; if someone takes your coat, let him have your shirt as well.30 “If someone asks you for something give it to him; if someone takes what belongs to you, don’t demand it back. 31 “Treat other people as you would like them to treat you. 32 What credit is it to you if you love only those who love you?” This scripture perfectly describes the actions of Jackie Robinson when he was forced to face the ugliest of people and situations in o... [tags: baseball, negro, athlete]
1041 words (3 pages)
- Was Jackie Robinson the African American epitome of Babe Ruth, or was he more. Jack Roosevelt Robinson was born on January 31, 1919 in Georgia. Subsequently, he became a symbol for change and a warrior for equality. For instance, similar to Katniss Everdeen from the movie series The Hunger Games, Robinson fought for the rights of the people, from an unjust government rule, “Robinson's integration of baseball was a major blow to segregation everywhere, causing other racial barriers to fall”(Wormser).... [tags: African-Americans in baseball]
1265 words (3.6 pages)
- Personality Assessment of Jackie Robinson Every individual in our society is different; each person is known or described differently from one another. The Big Five Factors: neuroticism, extraversion, openness to experience, agreeableness, and conscientiousness, are thought to describe and outline personality in all cultures and language families. They characterize the differences in humankind and can be used to predict or explain job performance. Jackie Robinson was a man who I would describe as having a strong and persevering personality.... [tags: Papers]
1346 words (3.8 pages)
- ... Jackie Robinson and Larry Doby were very determined to stick with the game they loved and to make a change. Thanks to their performance both on and off the ball field, “other owners began to seek talented black players, and by 1952, there were 150 black players in organized baseball” (Branch). Their “actions had repercussions far beyond the sports world” (Jim). The integration of baseball was an enormous smack in the face to all of segregation. Many racial barriers quickly tumbled down with the integration of baseball; restaurants, hotels, and stores removed their “white only” signs bringing blacks and whites together.... [tags: Jackie Robinson]
1029 words (2.9 pages)
- ... Louis Browns purchased Henry Thompson and Willard Brown from the Negro Leagues, in hopes of improving their last-place records “The St. Louis Gazette-Democrat called the move ‘an eyebrow-lifting experiment.’ Thompson and Brown became the first black teammates in the major leagues. The move provoked a mixed response in a city many considered part of the South” (“Crossing The Color Barrier: Jackie Robinson and the Men Who Integrated Major League Baseball”). In a conversation about Jackie Robinson’s influence on Martin Luther King Jr., Assistant Professor of History at the University of Missouri Kansas City Pellom McDaniels III, once stated that because of Robinson’s perseverance and stren... [tags: Branch Rickey, Jackie Robinson, dodgers]
2868 words (8.2 pages)
- From the film “42” Jackie Robinson, African American man faced a lot of racial discrimination during the play, however he endures it and become a famous star. These are the actors/actress and Director; Jackie Robinson - Chadwick Boseman, Branch Rickey - Harrison Ford, Nicole Beharie - Rachel Robinson, Harold Parrott - T.R Knight, Ryan Merriman - Dixie Walker, etc, Directed by Brian Helgeland. These actors/actress and Director helped viewer to understand the feeling of Jackie Robinson and other African American’s feelings.... [tags: Jackie Robinson, Major League Baseball, Baseball]
1638 words (4.7 pages)
- For much of the 20th century, African-American citizens had been disenfranchised throughout the South and the entire United States, they were regarded as inferior second-class citizens. Despite efforts to integrate society, the political and economic systems were meant to continue the cycle of oppression against African-Americans, throughout the south and indirectly yet ever present in the north. These laws of segregation, otherwise knows as Jim Crow laws, applied to almost every aspect of southern American society, including sports.... [tags: Major League Baseball, Jackie Robinson, Baseball]
1236 words (3.5 pages)
- Back Back Back Back Back and GONE. This is what people heard many times when Jackie Robinson was up to bat whether they liked it or not. Jackie Robinson broke the color barrier in the MLB in 1947 which changed the game of baseball forever (America’s). Jackie Robinson faced many hardships such as fans treating him harshly saying folderol while playing on the field, players treating him bad, and not having anywhere to sleep even though he was very athletic even at a very young age. Jackie Robinson was born on January 31, 1919.... [tags: Jackie Robinson Essay]
830 words (2.4 pages)
- Jackie Robinson was born in Cairo. The year Jackie was born was 1919 to a family of farmers. His Mother name is Mallie Robinson. She raised Jackie and four other of her children. They were the only black family around and people gave them a hard time about living around them since they were the only black family on the block. Jackie was the very first black baseball player ever to join the white man’s league. Jackie Robinson started playing baseball in 1947. He was the first player who played in the black man league and joined the white man team.... [tags: Jackie Robinson Essay]
856 words (2.4 pages)