Essay about infertility

Essay about infertility

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Infertility is the inability or failure to conceive after a year of regular intercourse without contraception. There are two categories to classify infertility, primary and secondary. Primary infertility occurs in women who have never conceived while secondary infertility occurs in women who had a previous conception. Affecting about one in six couples, there are many causes of infertility. A little more than half of cases of infertility are attributed to female conditions. Female conditions include ovulatory dysfunction, tubal or pelvic factors, cervical problems and uterine factors. However, that does not rule out other conditions as well. These include the male factors and unexplained infertility. Male factors are pretesticular causes, testicular factors and posttesticular causes.

Recent research has shown that the increase of infertility in one in ten couples to one in six couples is due to lifestyle factors. Delayed childbearing, habits such as cigarette smoking and alcohol, changes in sexual behaviour and eliminations of most taboos contribute to the increase in infertility in many couples. Cigarette smoke and substance in it such as nicotine has adverse effects on reproduction. It also causes lower circulating levels of estrogen and earlier menopause. For males, smoking decreases sperm quality. Alcohol has found to increase the risk of tubal factor and cervical factor infertility and ovulatory dysfunctions. On males, alcohol is found to increase abnormal shapes in sperm, can lead to impotence, and adversely affect male hormone levels. These lifestyle factors have adverse effects on reproduction as they are found to be able to change the regulation of hormones in both the male and the female, resulting in infertility.
     
     One of the most common female infertility factor is ovulatory dysfunction also known as anovulation, as mentioned eariler. It is a disorder where ovulation does not occur regularly. Causes of ovulatory disfunction range from the disruption of the hormone regulation of the female cycle to the underdevelopment of reproductive organs in a woman, they are mostly related to the imbalance of hormones. It can occur to any woman who has gone through puberty and is common in women approaching menopause, where women stop ovulating. The hypothalamus and pituitary glands in the brain regu...


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...he child on the other hand have a higher risk of developing abnormalies, major birth defects and diseases. The technology gives humans greater control over procreation. It can potentially cause a revolutionary change in how we perceive reproduction. The morals behind this technology needs consideration and attention as embryonic cells that are destroyed is still life destoryed. Therefore, researches must take into account the princples of what they are doing and make decisions which would weigh heavily on morals.

Even though somatic cell nuclear transfer is a good option to conceive children for infertile couples, they must consider carefully if they would want to go through the risks involved. Also, they must think for the child that might be conceived. Revoluntionary as it seems, this option to treat infertility is still in the process of being developed and assessed. Thus, they must think through their decisions wisely. Ultimately, it is their decision but their decision would affect their lifetime. If this new life sciences technology is given more time to developed and be researched into, maybe it could be made available in a decade or so and infertility can be solved by it.

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