The Industrial Revolution had a huge impact on society. The major effects were socially and economically. It is rather difficult to date the start of the industrial revolution but history books of today suggest the onset during the 18th century.
The change from agriculture to industry was vast and it must be remembered that England was the first country to undergo this profound change. The initial effect on engineering industries arising at the start of the Industrial Revolution were due partly to the geographical location of the resources i.e. coal iron and water. The inventiveness of our ancestors in these as well as other industries such as textiles chemical electrical and transportation contributed greatly to the Industrial Revolution.
The first two of these coal and iron provided the capital infrastructure and options for future development, whilst textiles supported and encouraged developments. Coal was originally mined by small group’s even families, using the long wall system. * SEE DIA 1. This technique was changed dramatically with the invention of the Commen engine. * SEE DIA 2. (named after its inventor THOMAS NEWCOMMEN) This was a pump that pumped the water out of coalmines allowing deeper more productive mines to be worked by more people. [This in turn had effects on the production of iron]
In the early 1700s iron was produced by burning vast quantities of wood. The production techniques were crude. Technology had already provided machines like the newcommen engine; this pumping device allowed ABRAHAM DARBY II to fill a millpond to power a water wheel for a blast furnace. This enabled the production of better quality pig iron. This technique provided the iron for the manufacture of one of the major symbols of the industrial revolution the Ironbridge over the river seven. * SEE DIA 3.
A water wheel also played a major part in one of the first inventions within the textile industry. RICHARD ARKWRIGHT invented the water frame for spinning (1769) this device was used by local man JEDEDIAH STRUTT in a mill at Cromford. The changes within the textile industry from wool to cotton called for more and more mechanisation. The mechanisation of the industry also led the setting up of the first factories; some of the first major mechanical devices were to be used in these factories. Such as JOH...
... middle of paper ...
...820 employers organisations registered, they mainly dealt with wage bargaining and labour questioning in general. A forum was created for the exchange of technical ideas and development. Pressure groups encouraged favourable legislation.
In today’s industry, employers’ organisations fall into two categories:
1. Those concerned with the common interest of a particular trade or technology. The engineering employers federation in London co-ordinates the engineering employers association, this operates at local level and is largely concerned with wage bargaining and representing engineering employers interests locally and nationally.
2. General groups of employers, for example, the confederation of British industry, this balances the role of the TUC this also acts as a pressure group encouraging favourable government response to the requirements of British industry at home and abroad.
There are also technical development associations, providing a forum for technical exchange, carrying out fundamental research on behalf of their member companies, one of these being the copper development association (C.D.A.). and the motor industry research association (M.I.R.A.).
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Karl Marx was a philosopher, a sociologist, economist, and a journalist. His work in economics laid a foundation for the modern understanding of distribution of labor, and its relation to wealth generation. His theories about the society, economic structure and politics, which is known as Marxism led to him developing social classes. He later on showed how social classes were determined by an individual’s position in relation to the production process, and how they determine his or her political views.... [tags: Marxism, Capitalism, Karl Marx, Sociology]
1200 words (3.4 pages)
- Throughout history there have been many important revolutions that have help to shape society as it is today. There are different causes, from political to religious, economic to social. Any revolution affects those in society, and creates changes for the people in the society. There are three important revolutions that took place in the late 18th century that changed the world for the better. The French Revolution, the American Revolution, and the Industrial Revolution all took place in the late 1700s.... [tags: Essays on American Revolution]
750 words (2.1 pages)
- During the 1850s, the northern half of the United States had increasingly modernized. This is known as Urbanization, which is a shift in the United States from rural to urban areas. When populations of people grow in a certain areas, the population of a place may go into cities near by. American urbanization let to more job opportunities for families and people needed jobs in order to make more money. I agree that Urbanization was a positive development that demonstrated American progress. There were positive outcomes in society, politics, race and gender.... [tags: United States, Industrial Revolution]
1426 words (4.1 pages)
- I would agree with most historians that the bookends of exploration and the industrial revolution are the start of the ‘modern world’. Because of exploration, there was more food being introduced into Europe which is where we see the industrial revolution take roots first. Between 1789 and 1849 Europe dealt with the important forces of a political revolution and the first impact of the Industrial Revolution. Europe in the eve of the reformation dealt with monetary devaluation, population increase and reduction in the plagues.... [tags: Industrial Revolution, Steam engine]
1227 words (3.5 pages)
- Since the advent of man, the human race has gone through many changes throughout history. One of the greatest and most crucial changes was the Industrial Revolution of Great Britain. Although the Industrial Revolution did have a few drawbacks, the positive outcomes of the Revolution far outweighed the negative effects. It pushed Great Britain fifty years ahead of other European countries and morphed the country into one of the strongest nations of its time. The Revolution improved the overall state of Great Britain mainly through the innovation and invention of new technologies, improvement in communication and transportation, and enhancing the lifestyles of the British commoner.... [tags: The Industrial Revolution]
1766 words (5 pages)
- What led Great Britain to become the first country to star in the Industrial Revolution, comes down to a complex system of factors, each aspect holds a major role in the contribution in the growth in the Industrial Revolution and of Great Britain. While much is known about the happenings of the Industrial Revolution itself, less is acknowledged about the events that were direct causes of the period. Histories and economist have pointed towards several key factors, each working together like well-oiled machine.... [tags: Industrial Revolution, Steam engine]
1232 words (3.5 pages)
- Over the course of European history, Europe developed into a flourishing land based upon the efforts of various beneficial individuals known as the innovators. The innovators marked a major turning point that changed Europe’s livelihood by improving labor and created one of the most historic impacts known as the Industrial Revolution. This process of developing the economy occurred from 1760 to 1850.This time period improved lives of workers majorly on the farmers by making labor undemanding and facile by the different machineries that were invented.... [tags: Steam engine, Industrial Revolution]
1197 words (3.4 pages)
- During the decades following 1760 England made a very large shift toward industrialization that many historians consider to be a very clear take off (or turning point) that contrasts greatly with how the country was as a society before industrialization, it is important to note that it has been uncovered that the “take off” refers to the contrast but not the speed at which the revolution occurred. Making great advancements in technology, England went from largely agrarian to very much industrialized within the course of several years.... [tags: Industrial Revolution, Steam engine]
1203 words (3.4 pages)
- The Industrial Revolution was one of the most important turning points in global history and it is also one of the main topics discussed in chapter 3 of the textbook, Mass media. It is in this revolutionary era where series of extraordinary innovations altered the ways in which people lived and continued to live for the next 150 years. There were two stages of the industrial revolution, each occurred in different time periods. The first industrial revolution occurred in Britain during the 1830s with the developments of textiles, iron and steam.... [tags: Industrial Revolution, Steam engine, Factory]
899 words (2.6 pages)
- Tsar Nicholas II and 1905 Revolution The Tsar (Nicholas II) survived the 1905 revolution. However, the revolution in 1917 did remove him from power. When asking why Nicholas II survived 1905 there are numerous factors to examine. Both revolutions had extremely similar conditions. Levels of dissatisfaction, strikes and the country moving towards a wartime economy are all examples. It is also important to see small differences which gave the two events such contrasting outcomes and determined the survival and the fall of the Tsar.... [tags: Papers]
1994 words (5.7 pages)