'Instead of working to achieve power by armed coup, we shall hold our noses and enter the Reichstag against the opposition deputies. If outvoting them takes longer than out shooting them, at least the results will be guaranteed by their own constitution. Sooner or later we shall have a majority, and after that- Germany. (Heiden, 142)'
Adolf Hitler spoke these words in 1920, soon after becoming leader of the newly named National Socialist German Workers' Party, commonly known as the Nazi Party. There are many contributing factors, which lead to Hitler's gain in power over the next thirteen years. The recent history of post-war Germany, and the events that would follow were of perfect conditions for the rise of an extremist party such as the Nazis. World War One had left Germany in defeat. Germany was put under immense pressure by the treaty of Versailles, which contributed to the disastrous and politically unstable early twenties. Hitler was a strong and manipulating character, with extraordinary leadership skills and his party was very tactical. He was very much underestimated by opposing political parties. All of these factors lead to Hitler and his Nazis' becoming the sole political party in the Reichstag in 1933.
The German Empire was formed in 1871 and soon became one of Europe?s most influential countries. It dominated in industrial and military power, and the German people were proud of their achievements. Up until the end of World War One, a Kaiser ruled Germany. From 1888 the Kaiser was Wilhelm II. He was very ambitious and militaristic and a threat to other countries. The German people were very accustomed to success, and when Germany was defeated in World War One, they were shocked and angry.
The Weimar Constitution was drawn up to help Germany bounce back. This constitution was genuinely democratic but had some weaknesses. A president ruled with a chancellor and proportional representation in the Reichstag. Proportional representation made the Republic weak in that parties were very uncooperative. No party could get a majority, so the government had to be run by coalitions. There could never be a strong government. The president had too much power over the government and could turn himself into a dictator. This was made possible by Article forty-eight in the constitution which stated that in an emergency, th...
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... years, Hitler and the NSDAP gained more and more power until in 1933, when Hitler took over. Their leader Adolf Hitler had power over the Reichstag and was in every position to dominate German society. The years leading up to 1933 were rich in opportunities for an extremist uprising. The Weimar Republic was weak, and Germany was in the midst of political anguish. The German people were looking for a strong and decisive leader and they found it in Hitler. The Depression gave Hitler and the NSDAP the opportunity to gain power over the Reichstag, and they did just that.
Heiden, Konrad. The Fuhrer: Hitler's Rise to Power. N.p.: Carroll & Graf Publishers, 1999.
Pool, James. WHO FINANCED HITLER : The Secret Funding of Hitler's Rise to Power, 1919-1933. N.p.:
?Hitler?s Rise to Power.? Modern World History GCSE.
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?The Rise of Adolf Hitler.? The History Place.
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Kimel, Alexander. ?Hitler?s Rise to Power.? Online Holocaust Magazine.
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John, Ben. ?Hitler?s Rise to Supreme Power.?
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