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Analysis of Ophelia from Hamlet Essay

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Analysis of Ophelia from Hamlet


Ophelia is gentle, loving and beautiful. She is also obedient to her father and loyal to her family and it is this which draws her into the circle of disaster and leads to her "untimely death". She is deeply in love with Hamlet and believes his "tenders" to be sincere, but her obedience to both her father and her brother must come first. Laertes tells her to beware of Hamlet's interest as it is driven by lust, not love. He also points out the difference in their background and rightly concludes that Hamlet is not in a position, as heir to the throne to choose freely who he will marry.

Polonius is also scornful of Hamlet's motives and concerned that he will be discredited by Ophelia's conduct. His command to her not to see Hamlet again is brutal, as is his decision to use her as a decoy to sound out the reason for Hamlet's eccentric behaviour. The fact that she obeys would be quite understandable to Shakespeare's audience, if not to a present day one, since filial obedience was a fundamental part of the life of the time. Note also how differently Laertes is treated by his father, compared to the lack of regard shown to Ophelia by Polonius. Women had little status, and Ophelia's wishes are not considered at any time. Torn apart as she is by divided loyalty it is no wonder that the strain on her eventually leads to her madness and subsequent death.

That she loves Hamlet is without question. She is distraught when she observes his behaviour before the nunnery scene, and after his savage rejection of her in that scene she laments his "noble mind..here o'erthrown" She also grieves for herself, "Oh woe is me, t'have seen what I have seen, see what I see." She is sophisticated enough to understand the ways of the world, too, as we see in her dialogue with Hamlet before the mousetrap play, when she obviously understands the meaning of his bawdy remarks, and also in her quick understanding of her brother's likely conduct when he is away at school.

Her madness is triggered by loss of her father, murdered by Hamlet, whom she also believes to be mad. The pathos of the mad scene is emphasised by the language of loss in some of the songs she sings and the overt sexuality of others. In fact the sentiments of Ophelia for Hamlet in the nunnery scene, are, ironically applicable to herself later in the play.

Her story paralle...


... middle of paper ...


... Claudius uses these lines to lead Laertes into a plan to
kill Hamlet, asking him what will he do to prove his love for his
father in ActIV, scene vii. Hamlet comes back; what would you
undertake to show yourself in deed your father’s son more than in more
than words? It can be easily seen how Laertes, influenced by Claudius
in the heat of his anger, could conspire to murder Hamlet and it is in
this attempt that Laertes loses his own life to the very poison he
kills Hamlet with. Once again, a member of Polonius’ family loses
their life as a result of a conflict that they are oblivious to,
making Laertes’ death a tragedy as well.
Contrary to popular belief, the tragedy associated with Hamlet
is not about Hamlet or his family. It is, however , about the tragic
fate of Polonius’ family , whose deaths are not the result of any sins
they omit but by their being manipulated by Hamlet and Claudius for
reasons they are unaware of. Although the death of Polonius’ family
stands out as being the most tragic, many other characters in the
story are killed as well. In fact, the death of a character in Hamlet
almost becomes commonplace near the end of the play.


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