This type of dysfunctional operation of an organization has many ways and opportunities for failure. The basic fundamentals of this process are the beginnings of failure as groups seek conformity and unity they sacrifice everything in order to maintain peace within the group. Many times this will take the individuals creative thoughts and ability to voice the creative edge thinking away. In many organizations this is a process that is continually used. It is perceived that management wants the organizations operation or process to run without any type of question or waves. Below are listed eight of the main symptoms of group think as detailed by Janis, I. L & Manns book “Decision making”
Symptoms of Groupthink are divided into three types in which they can manifest
Type I: Overestimations of the group's power and morality
Type II: Closed-mindedness
Type III: Pressure toward uniformity
When broken down the three types of groupthink can be broken farther down to
eight ways groupthink causes failure.
1. Illusion of invulnerability: Members ignore obvious danger, take extreme risks, and are overly optimistic.
2. Collective Rationalization: Members discredit and explain away warnings contrary to group thinking.
3. Illusions of Morality: Members believe that their decisions are morally correct ignoring the ethical consequences of their decisions.
4. Excessive Stereotyping: The group constructs negative stereotypes of rivals outside the group.
5. Pressure for Conformity: Members’ pressure any in a group who expresses arguments against the groups’ stereotypes, illusions, or commitment, viewing such opposition and disloyalty.
6. Self-censorship: Members withhold their dissenting views and counter arguments.
7. Illusion of Unanimity: Members perceive falsely that everyone agrees with the group decision silence is seen as consent.
8. Mindguards: Some members appoint themselves to the role of protecting the group from adverse information that might threaten group compliance.
Personal styles are limited by the group with GROUP THINK. Most of the time the individual will not take the chance to buck the system or willing to take the chance of being discredited by the core group if they do not agree with the process and or direction that is being lead.
Decision styles are affe...
... middle of paper ...
...ve that the label of Groupthink can be used too loosely. I myself have experienced situations where a Group is too quick to label themselves as sufferers of Groupthink. Although I truly think that Groupthink is a severe problem that exists today, the Challenger being one of the most disastrous of those examples. I believe that we all need to be careful not to be too swift about the use of the Groupthink label. It can be just as negative to a group to label them as wronged in their process when no such error exists as to call them victims of Groupthink. Again the dilemma is that groups need to always be alert to the existence of Groupthink, they also need to not label themselves or other victims of Groupthink unfairly. Although there are many times that Groupthink leads to failure, there are few instances when it works for the food. This is a fine line to walk, but it is most definitely a line that needs to be walked time and time again.
Jarvis, Chris. GROUPTHINK
Janis, Irving L. Victims Of Groupthink. Houghton Mifflin Company Boston, 1972
Janis, Irving L. Groupthink. Houghton Mifflin Company Boston, 1982
Griffin, Em. Groupthink. McGraw-Hill Inc., 1997
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Groupthink is an attractive theory by the virtue of its ability to explain irrational decisions made by rational and intelligent groups of individuals. However, the theory does not predict group behavior and merely reexamines past events and applies a rubric of eight “symptoms” that comprise Groupthink. These eight symptoms include illusions of invulnerability, collective rationalization, belief in inherent morality, stereotyped views of out-groups, direct pressure on dissenters, self-censorship, illusion of unanimity, and self-appointed “mind-guards” (McCauley 1998).... [tags: unanimity, decision, confidence]
1196 words (3.4 pages)
- Group therapy has become a popular form of therapy lately; it used to be used more as a last option, but now group therapy is often the first or better choice for some clients. Group therapy can be helpful in an assortment of ways. Group counseling has provided constructive results, Corey, Corey, & Callanan (2011) explain some factors that have helped “such as skilled leaders, appropriately referred group members, and defined goals” (p.480). There are many different types of group therapy. I think practitioners should know not only how too effectively handle group therapy if they are doing group work, but if group is the right choice for everyone involved.... [tags: Group Therapy, Screening]
1918 words (5.5 pages)
- This journal entry will discuss and provide examples of core values of a group leader and core knowledge of a group leader. In addition, the references that were used for this assignment include information from Chapter 3 in the textbook and the transcript and video tools provided for completing this assignment. Furthermore, the examples I provided may not necessarily fit exactly, however, to some degree they do and do not. However, I tried to find some examples that represent who I am and I believe that when reflecting upon these examples they do show a great reflection of many things that do fit.... [tags: Ethics, Sociology, Group dynamics, Psychology]
2137 words (6.1 pages)
- The need for a facilitator arises from the dynamics of group decision-making. In real and everyday life in business, management, politics, crisis conflict, education, etc. group meetings, each individual in the group does not think in the same way (divergent thinking) in real life, humans tend to go off on tangents, lose the original focus for the group meeting. Facilitators are needed to get ideas to converge in a way that reaches the decision point (Doyle and Kaner, 2007). A facilitator is a person who creates an environment which allows groups or organizations to be able to be more effective; to achieve their goals.... [tags: Group Decision-making Essays]
1212 words (3.5 pages)
- Groups were assigned by professor and consisted of diverse students with various backgrounds. Our first task was writing group contract which involved participation of all group members and required closer contact among students. Tuckman’s Group Development Stages model can be used to show how our group worked together, as our ‘4U’ team had gone through each stage. Example of the forming stage was the first meeting when all group members tried to be polite and asked questions, such as ‘what is major?’, ‘what is your GPA?’, we tried to be kind to each other and be cautious to avoid misunderstandings in the beginning of our work.... [tags: Tuckman's Group Development Stages]
1614 words (4.6 pages)
- Coming together as a group of individuals lead by a facilitator to reach a goal. This is a common definition of group work. In the last few weeks I have participated in group activities and group discussions. I have learned that along with the group process comes both challenges and benefits; that there is more to appearances than what the eye can see. I also learned how hard it is to open up and be honest. However, along with the challenges and benefits that group work presents, there is a chance for experiencing the unexpected and reaching a deeper insight into those around you.... [tags: Race, Racism, Race, Ethnic group]
1071 words (3.1 pages)
- The Group as a Whole What are your relevant background factors within your group. Most people will agree that a group is consisting of people doing something together. The group can be gigantic with thousands of people or it can be a group that includes of three people. No matter what the size or purpose of the group there is a very complex system of nature of group dynamics that is ever present within each and every group. Certain relevant backgrounds factors influence our behavior in small groups.... [tags: Group development, Psychology]
1331 words (3.8 pages)
- One of the many significant concepts of group dynamics that I found to be the most interesting is the idea of how any and all aspects of the group process has the natural ability to bring up all the past relatable experiences of each individual group member. I found this to be very true on so many levels within each session, process and the overall development of the group. It has personally been meaningful to view the life of a group as a story with a beginning, middle and end—simply a process of constantly moving succession of moments.... [tags: Group Psychotherapy]
2362 words (6.7 pages)
- Working Stage Corey et al., (2014) notes that deeper levels of exploration are experienced in the working stage of group. According to Toseland and Rivas (2014), this stage of group development consists of structuring the group’s work to rely more on the direction and guidance of group members. In order to help group members to achieve their goals, the facilitator must maintain the member’s awareness of their goals. During this stage, members began to discuss personal issues, such as relationship issues, lack of self-care, sleep deprivation, and dissatisfaction with the internship process.... [tags: Group dynamics, Facilitator, Sociology]
1135 words (3.2 pages)
- Well, lets see where I should begin. The first day in class, we all collectively decided that we were going to write about the issue of homosexual marriage. It was a good topic but was already being overused so when you came around to ask what we were going to write about, Tanner and I said that we had chosen the topic aforementioned. Summer spoke up and said that we no longer wanted to do this because we had decided to write about gender and sports. Shocked, Tanner and I both just went with it because you seemed to like the idea.... [tags: Group Writing]
612 words (1.7 pages)