The unconscious mind of man, according to the psychologist Carl Jung, consists of layers. Jung recognizes two basic layers in the unconscious mind: the personal unconscious, a superficial layer whose contents are derived from present lifetime experience, and the collective unconscious, a deeper inborn layer whose contents are inherited and essentially universal within the species. Jung believes that the personal unconscious contains feeling-toned complexes that constitute the personal and private side of psychic life and that the collective unconscious contains archetypes, "universal images that have existed since the remotest times" (3-5). He divides archetypes, which may be either positive or negative, into two classes: archetypes of transformation--situations, places, implements, and events--and archetypes of character. Jung devotes most of his writings on archetypal characters to the shadow, the anima and animus, the wise old man, the magna mater (great earth mother), the child, and the self. Frei lists the braggart, the buffoon, the hero, the devil, the rebel, the wanderer, the siren, the enchantress, the maid, and the witch (48). Of course, other archetypal characters exist. Jung finds archetypes in dreams, tribal lore, myths, and fairy tales. Archetypes also occur in literature.
Today, archetypes serve as models for female writers who are in doubt about gender roles in a changing society. For example, poet Diane Ackerman uses Faust, who Goldstein calls, "the archetypal professor of forbidden knowledge," as a model in Lady Faustus (1983); furthermore, he points out that Ackerman "staked out the Faustian territory" in her first volume of poetry, The P...
... middle of paper ...
... N. "Archetypes." Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics. Ed., Alex Preminger. New
York: Princeton UP, 1974.
Goldstein, Laurence. "The Self-Expansion of Diane Ackerman." Rev. of Lady Faustus by Diane
Ackerman. Parnassus. Spring 1985: 446-459.
Jung, C. G. The Archetypes and the Collective Unconscious. Trans. R. F. C. Hull. Bollingen Series
XX. The Collected Works of C. G. Jung. New York: Princeton UP, 1969.
Kehl, D. G. "The Distaff and the Staff: Stereotypes and Archetypes of the Older Woman in
Representative Modern Literature." International Journal of Aging and Human Development. 26.1
Meyers, Kathleen A. "Phaeton as Emblem: Recent Works on Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz. Rev. of
Reverse Thunder by Diane Ackerman. Michigan Quarterly Review. Summer 1990: 453-471.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Images of Blood in Faulkner's Light in August "Blood" is considered by many to be one of the most important ties between human beings; it is therefore frequently used as an image that defines a character or a relationship between characters in a novel. For example, a prince might be defined by his "royal blood," or a weak man described as having "thin blood." Close friends may be "blood brothers," or families may have a "blood feud." In William Faulkner's Light in August, the image of blood permeates the themes of sexuality, race, and religion.... [tags: Faulkner Light August Essays]
2148 words (6.1 pages)
- Every day, two things surround individuals: money and images. These two items surprisingly correlate with one another, and at times create conflict. Images are seen everywhere. The average American is exposed to over 3,000 images every single day. (Killbourne, & Pipher, 2000) These 3, 000 images affect an individual’s financial decision, without them even knowing it. These choices affect them both short term and long term. This can be seen through the increase in sales after a new phone goes on sale, or when Black Friday occurs.... [tags: Images and Buying Habits]
2028 words (5.8 pages)
- Birth of the Light Microscope In Circa 1000AD the first vision aid was invented (the inventor is unknown) it was called a reading stone. It was described as a glass sphere that magnified reading material when placed on top of an object. Someone picked up a piece of transparent crystal thick in the middle than at the edges, they looked through it, and realized it made objects look bigger. “Magnifying glasses” are mentioned during the first century A.D by Roman philosophers Seneca and Pliny the Elder, but never used much until the invention of spectacles, at the end of the 13th century.... [tags: evolution, eletron, light]
1863 words (5.3 pages)
- ... People live in fear with a sense of despondency and dejection with all the uncertainty, insecurity, and ambiguity on the earth today. Yet, in the midst of this ever changing social, economic, political, environmental and ethical world, I am reminded that some things will never change. In the midst of hopelessness there is hope. In the midst of uncertainty there is certainty. What is done has been done but There is always a second chance.... [tags: Sun, Light, Sky, Sunrise]
1183 words (3.4 pages)
- The words carpe diem mean “seize the day” in Latin. It is a theme that has been used throughout the history of literature and has been a popular philosophy in teaching from the times of Socrates and Plato up to the modern English classroom. Carpe diem says to us that life isn’t something we have forever, and every passing moment is another opportunity to make the most out of the few precious years that we have left. In the poems “A Fine, a Private Place” by Diane Ackerman and “To His Coy Mistress” by Andrew Marvell, carpe diem is the underlying theme that ties them together, yet there are still a few key differences throughout each of these two poems that shows two very different perspectiv... [tags: Diane Ackerman Andrew Marvell poetry poems]
863 words (2.5 pages)
- In his play, Romeo and Juliet, Shakespeare weaves a timeless tale. Although it is over 400 years old, Romeo and Juliet, is as interesting today as it was at its inception and my guess is that its appeal lies in its subject matter. Shakepeare picked a theme that’s been known to cause indigestion and sleep loss for centuries. And yet, regardless of the ills associated with it, it remains a topic of worldwide interest. And that is simply, love. My mother says that love is one of the most overused, misunderstood words in the English language.... [tags: essays research papers]
2182 words (6.2 pages)
- Light in August by William Faulkner Light in August, a novel written by the well-known author, William Faulkner, can definitely be interpreted in many ways. However, one fairly obvious prospective is through a religious standpoint. It is difficult, nearly impossible, to construe Light in August without noting the Christian parallels. Faulkner gives us proof that a Christian symbolic interpretation is valid. Certain facts of these parallels are inescapable and there are many guideposts to this idea.... [tags: Light August william Faulkner Essays]
1234 words (3.5 pages)
- The Light in the Forest Conrad Richter presents a historic fictional work describing the colonial frontier in The Light in the Forest. True Son, born as John Butler, was captured by the Lenni Lenape Indians at the age of four. He was adopted by them and raised as the son of their chief, Cuyloga. He became a part of the Indian culture. Later the Indians made a treaty with the whites and all white captives were to be returned to their people, including 15-year-old True Son. However, True Son had learned to hate the white men and their ways.... [tags: The Light in the Forest]
770 words (2.2 pages)
- On Images Concrete images are like pictures in the mind's imagination which have been transferred from real objects through the eyes. Abstract images also exist in the imagination, but are not easily described or communicated. Both images interplay in various ways as a person experiences emotional, dream and pure thought states of consciousness. Despite the interplay, the two kinds of images do not merge or meld into a third image type as a graduation between the two. Concrete images change, sometimes drastically.... [tags: Senses Philosophy Papers]
2687 words (7.7 pages)
- LIGHT: A FUNDAMENTAL FORCE IN OUR WORLD If asked what light is, one could say that it's one of the most basic elements of our world and our universe as we perceive it. It is through sight that we receive 90% of our information. It is through the use of telescopes aiding the naked eye that we are aware of the heavenly bodies around us. It is through light that the energy from the sun is transferred to us. The sun's energy supports the food chain; plants use it to turn water and CO2 into energy usable by other organisms.... [tags: essays research papers]
894 words (2.6 pages)