Essay on Genetic Engineering Is Not Ethical

Essay on Genetic Engineering Is Not Ethical

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For many years, genetic engineering has been a topic in heated debates. Scientists propose that genetic engineering far outweighs its risks in benefits and should be further studied. Politicians argue that genetic engineering is largely unethical, harmful, and needs to have strong limitations. Although genetic engineering may reap benefits to modern civilization, it raises questions of human ethics, morality, and the limitations we need to set to protect humanity.
     Though there is harsh criticism from politicians, scientists continue to press forward saying that genetic engineering is of utmost importance to help and improve society. In many cases, the technology can be applied for life saving purposes. For instance, a child that has a rare disease and needs an organ transplant finds no organs that match him. As a last resort, the parents opt to take cells from the dying child and make a clone. If the clone is successful, the child will have a perfect match for the organ transplant. The initial result is that the parents end up with two healthy children that are more like delayed twins rather than clones (Watchbroit). This type of solution could solve a problem that plagues hospitals today. The lack of organ donors often causes grief and sorrow to the person waiting for a transplant and their family. Cloning can definitely be a safe alternative to what is occurring currently in hospitals now as long as it is closely monitored. In another situation, a husband and a wife both carry a lethal recessive gene and wish to have children. Rather than risk the one in four chance that the child will get the debilitating disease, the parents choose to use the cells of one of the adults and clone a child (Watchbroit). This method will help parents stay away from donor gametes and selective abortion. In the end, the parents are happy that they have a healthy child without feeling guilty of having to use a donor gamete or selective abortion.
     Though genetic engineering may improve lives by helping humans become more efficient organ donors and aiding troubled parents, scientists also see its benefits in eliminating the world’s diseases. In the year 1971, scientists had only uncovered 15 genes of the human genome. By the mid 1990’s, 2,000 genes of the human genome had been identified by geneticists (Grace). Surprisingly enough, it is estimated that only 2% of the ...

... middle of paper ...

...Biotechnology Could Help Eliminate Disease”.
Opposing Viewpoints Series. James D. Torr, Ed. Greenhaven Press, 2001. Opposing ViewpointsResource Center. Gale Group. Taylor High school, Katy, TX. 26 Feb. 2004 .

Kilner, John F. “Cloning Technology Would not Benefit Humans”. Opposing Viewpoints
     Series. Roman Espejo, Ed. Greenhaven Press, 2003. Opposing Viewpoints               Resource Center. Gale Group. Taylor High school, Katy, TX. 8 Feb. 2004               .

National Bioethics Advisory Commission. “Religion Offers a Guide To Human
     Cloning”. Opposing Viewpoints Series. William Dudely, Ed. Greenhaven Press,
     2001. Opposing ViewpointsResource Center. Gale Group. Taylor High school,
     Katy, TX. 26 Feb. 2004 .

Watchbroit, Robert. “Why Not Clone Humans?”. Opposing Viewpoints Series. Lisa
     Yount, Ed. Greenhaven Press, 2000. Opposing Viewpoints Resource Center.
     Gale Group. Taylor High school, Katy, TX. 8 Feb. 2004

Wright, Susan. “Genetic Engineering Could Be Dangerous”. Opposing Viewpoints
Series. Tamara L. Roleff, Ed. Greenhaven Press, 1998. Opposing Viewpoints
Resource Center. Gale Group. Taylor High school, Katy, TX. 8 Feb. 2004

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