Essay on Gender Equality In Sports

Essay on Gender Equality In Sports

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How is it fair that a men’s college basketball team is able to be transported on planes and dine on steak, while a women’s team from the same college, travels in a van and eats fast food? It’s not, but this occurs often nowadays even with laws passed preventing this type of discrimination. In 1972, Congress passed Title IX, which prohibits discrimination against girls and women in federally funded education, including athletic programs (Kiernan 3). Many schools and colleges have not been able to comply with the Title IX standards mostly because of money. Some of the problems in high schools and colleges consist of insufficient scholarships for girls, not enough coaching jobs, a lack of equipment, and a limited amount of supplies. Not only does this inequality in athletic programs exist in both schools and colleges, but it is also prominent in many professional sports. After more than 25 years since the beginning of Title IX, there still is no gender equality among men and women in high school, college, and professional sports.

Passed in 1972 by United States President Richard Nixon, Title IX was supposed to give women equality in sports, yet in the year 2001 there is still little difference in the way women are treated in sports. No legislative act has had a more powerful impact on the world of sports other than Title IX. Before Title IX was passed, only 31,000 women participated in sports, but in 1997, 120,000 women were active in sports around the country (Wulf 1). Title IX is now synonymous with women trying to find equity in athletics, but it originally had nothing to do with sports. It was a part of a larger legislative act passed to avoid any type of discrimination in the school system (Kiernan 1). Since 1972, the original purpose of Title IX has been clouded by media battles and a whirlwind of misinformation. Until the law required compliance, many schools did not take Title IX to be a serious legislative act.

Compliance was not required until 1978, that’s six years after the law was first instilled into the American culture. The department that leads the battle for compliance was called the Department of Education’s Office of Civil Rights, or often called OCR for short (Wine 1). All institutions receiving federal funding must comply with at least one of three specific criteria. One of them that they could choose is identified as ‘proportional rep...


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...eattle Times. (22 June 1997): 5 pp. On-Line. Internet. 3 May 2001. Available: <a href="http://www.umi.com/proquest">http://www.umi.com/proquest
Anderson, Kelli. “High.” Sports Illustrated for Women. May/June 2001: 66-70
Compliance Board at University of Massachusetts Dartmouth. Achieving Gender Equality. No Eds. 5 Vols. Massachusetts, 1996-1997.
Kiernan, Denise. “The Little Law that Could.” Feb/Mar 2001: 6 pag. On-Line. Internet. 5 May 2001. Available: <a href="Http://www.umi.com/proquest">Http://www.umi.com/proquest
Pinney, Gregor W. “Equality for Female Athletes Lags.” Star Tribune. (8 Apr 1992): 6pp. On-Line. Internet. 3 May 2001. Available: <a href="Http://www.umi.com/proquest">Http://www.umi.com/proquest
Wine, Elizabeth. “Title IX effort no ‘10’”. Birmingham Post-Herald. (19 June 1997) 3pp. On-line. Internet. 3 May 2001. Available: <a href="Http://www.umi.com/proquest">Http://www.umi.com/proquest
Wulf, Steve. “A Level Playing Field for Women.” Time. (1997): 3pp. On-Line. Internet. 3 May 2001. Available: <a href="http://www.provlib.org/elibrary/frames.htm">http://www.provlib.org/elibrary/frames.htm

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