In his book Future of an Illusion, Sigmund Freud utilizes his method of psychoanalysis on religion by comparing the relationship between human and religion to that of a child and his parents. Freud effectively demonstrates that religion is a product of the human mind. After exposing religion as a an illusion, Freud concludes that humanity will be better off when it has forgone religion. This paper will argue that Freud's assertion that religion is an illusion is correct because of it's blatantly traceable evolution through the history of the human civilization and psyche.
The first argument that Freud makes in his assault on religion regards civilization. Freud argues that human civilization arose as a result of mankind's needs to protect itself from nature. "It was precisely because of these dangers with which nature threatens us that we came together and created civilization." (Freud, 19) As a result of the need for organization and manpower to prepare defenses against nature, the instincts of man had to be controlled. He furthers this argument by saying that two human traits, laziness and the unwilling nature of the masses to listen to reason, are responsible for the necessity of the rule of law. Freud then describes the various methods of oppression that can be employed by civilization to halt instinctual privation. The most important of which he points out as being religion.
The main reason that Freud ranks rel...
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- In Sigmund Freud’s, The Future of an Illusion, he studies religious foundations and the influence of religion on civilization and social principles. As he explores the psychological depths relating to religion, he also portrays a scientific and rational civilization. In turn, he reveals his hope for an ideal world where humans surpass their feelings of helplessness and insignificance to live in an improved civilization based on reason and the increase of knowledge. Through his analysis and ideas, Freud is able to incite feelings of doubt surrounding religious beliefs and their validity.... [tags: Book Analysis, Social Psychology]
1445 words (4.1 pages)
- ... Taking the commandment “thou shall not kill” as an example, Freud explains if the sole reason you must not kill your neighbor is because God has “forbidden” it and will severely punish you for it…when you learn that there is no God and that you need not fear His punishment, you will certainly kill your neighbor without hesitation (Freud, 1972, p. 39). Moreover, people with these “infantile neuroses” can be overcome as they grow up, and what is not overcome can be cleared up through “psycho-analytic” treatment.” Freud mentions, “It is securely based on the psychological discovery that man is equipped with the most varied instinctual dispositions, whose ultimate course is determined by th... [tags: psychoanalytical , anxiety, childhood]
661 words (1.9 pages)
- Sigmund Freud was born in Freiberg, which is now known as Czech Republic, on May 6, 1856. He was the firstborn child in his family. He had two brothers and five sisters. When Sigmund was four years old his family moved to Vienna a town where he lived the rest of his life. He don’t chose to do just any career his choices were very limited because he was Jewish. In the year 1881 he got his medical degree from the University of Vienna, the very next year after his graduation he got engaged and married.... [tags: Theories, Psychology, Superego]
903 words (2.6 pages)
- INTRO Sigmund Freud is considered one of the most influential figures in modern psychology. He is best known as the father of psychoanalysis. He developed several important theories of personality, including the theories of mind, the id, the ego, and the superego, life and death instincts, psychosexual development, and defense mechanisms. He also published many books that helped shape psychology into what it is today. EARLY LIFE Sigismund Schlomo Freud was born in Moravia, Czech Republic on May 6, 1856, to Jakob and Amalia Freud.... [tags: the father of psychoanalysis]
1568 words (4.5 pages)
- To a certain extent I can agree with Freud’s views on natural instinct. Without manmade laws and “coercion” or rules that are presented by God, civilization would not survive or even have been born. Yet, as is the case with many other people, I disagree with his views on religion. I do not believe that religion was created by man, but by a higher being. It is impossible for me to believe that science will destroy religion because for every question science answers many more questions arise. The more science reveals about nature the more apparent it is to me that only a higher being could have created everything.... [tags: essays research papers]
1048 words (3 pages)
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1058 words (3 pages)
- ... According to Freud, Moses was an Egyptian who forced his religion upon the Jews. The Jews, in a manic state, kill Moses on the mountain just outside of the Promised Land. This created a large-scale sense of guilt, which created the need for salvation expressed by these religions: ‘Remorse for the murder of Moses provided the stimulus for the wishful fantasy of the Messiah, who was to return and lead his people to redemption.’ Freud also goes on to say in The Future of an Illusion that ‘religion is the collective neurosis of humanity’.... [tags: ego, superego, adolescent, psyche]
1256 words (3.6 pages)
- The Writings of Sigmund Freud Sigmund Freud remains a figure whose influence it is hard to over-state. While many of his ideas in the field of depth psychology, a field he largely created, have been compromised and challenged over the course of the 20th century his influence remains palpable. We continue to use terms that Freud originated almost unthinkingly - concepts of frustration, aggression, guilt, anxiety, projection, defence mechanisms and the unconscious remain dominant.... [tags: Papers]
2133 words (6.1 pages)
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1843 words (5.3 pages)
- Sigmund Freud; Father of the psychoanalytic school of psychology, was not a friend to religious belief. Freud’s understanding of religion, to put it bluntly, was that of an illusion. That is to say, not necessarily false, but developed in response to the need to overcome the conflict between our sexual natures and the nature of civilisation. From this, we can attempt to critique said theory in order to see how “valid” it really is in the face of religion. For Freud’s position to be truly valid, we have to prove that the Oedipus complex is a fully universal sexual trauma, and that buried trauma can really manifest itself in the form of religion.... [tags: Psychology]
923 words (2.6 pages)