Highly abstract concepts, such as jurisprudence and sovereignty, oftentimes cause high school students much struggle when trying to thoroughly understand such conceptual ideas. To teach these theoretical concepts, one must not only equivalently utilize David Ausubel’s Expository teaching model, but also retain an overall knowledge of other valuable strategies related to Ausubels’s model (Woolfolk, 2004, p. 281). To Ausubel, the most significant idea is that of the advance organizer, a statement of introduction that aids students in organizing the information about to be presented. Also to a teacher’s benefit are the ideas needed to form a concept, such as exemplars, defining features, irrelevant features, non-examples, and prototypes. Introducing the advance organizer, presenting ideas in terms of specific examples, and linking the content back to the advance organizer is Ausubel’s model for expository teaching (Woolfolk, 2004, p. 283).
Ausubel’s expository teaching primarily focuses on teaching general ideas to comprehend one specific concept, otherwise known as deductive reasoning. His approach always begins with an advance organizer (Woolfolk, 2004, p. 282). This statement aids in priming the students for the context and idea about to be described. It will help in developing schemas, or organizing information, and helps direct all attention to the key ideas coming from the material being presented.
The first of the two types of organizer is the expository organizer, which primarily focuses the introduction of new material. The second is the comparative organizer, which compares old and new information resulting in students accessing schemas already in their working memory, otherwise know as the “temporary storage of information that is being processed in a range of cognitive tasks” (Woolfolk, 2004, p. 242). An expository lesson must always elaborate on the advance organizer. Connecting the information back to the organizer should also be utilized in completing the lesson. Identifying qualities such as defining features (required features), exemplars (actual instances), irrelevant features (often present but not relevant), and non-examples will all assist in creating a prototype, or an ideal example, to aid in grasping the concept. The goal is the ability to take the concept and relate it back to th...
... middle of paper ...
...and trees to compare by non-examples. My instructor concluded his lesson by highlighting his organizer and repeating the idea that abstract ideas were all symbols of something. Abstractions are not an actual object itself, as opposed to concrete ideas that are material and solid.
The expository method can be ideal for teaching abstract concepts such as jurisprudence and sovereignty to high school students within a limited amount of time. Through first naming the concept and giving the definition, as well as applying tools such as the advance organizer, a teacher will gain the students attention and allow them to organize their ideas in order to make connections. When teaching a concept, it is best to keep in mind that students will respond most when a concept is taught in a way that is useful and efficient versus being taught in a manner geared only towards answering exam questions. By extending and connecting the concepts in these significant ways, students will be able to focus on the meaning and not on memorization.
Woolfolk, A. (2004). Educational Psychology (9th ed.). Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Chapters seven, eight, and nine of Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol (SIOP) were very helpful. I feel comfortable in my teaching ability and understand I have a lot to learn. There are many things that made me feel more comfortable that were established through the SIOP model. SIOP has proven to be an effective model for teaching students English proficiency. One thing that I was anxious to read about was incorporating hands on material for students. Students need to be given many chances to practice what they have learned.... [tags: Teacher, Education, Lesson plan, Teaching]
1711 words (4.9 pages)
- Co-teaching is defined as “a service delivery model using two teachers, a general education teacher and a special education teacher, to plan, deliver content, and evaluate progress for a diverse group of learners in a single classroom” (Cook &Friend, 1995). Co-teaching is a method that involves both, a general education and regular education teacher planning, delivering the instruction, and evaluating student progress (Cook & Friend, 1995). Solo teaching is defined as one qualified teacher plans, teaches, and improves student education and learning (Cook & Friend, 2004).... [tags: general education,special education, teaching]
1836 words (5.2 pages)
- How to Write an Expository Essay When writing an essay, follow these eight basic steps: Select a topic: Be sure the topic is narrow enough to make it manageable within the space of an essay Write a thesis sentence: Be sure the thesis statement(or sentence) expresses a controlling idea that is neither too broad nor too specific to be developed effectively Select a method of development: Check through all the methods before you finally settle on the one which will best serve your thesis: definition example compare and contrast cause and effect classification process analysis Organize the essay: Begin by listing the major divisions which the body paragraphs in your essay will disc... [tags: Expository Essay]
298 words (0.9 pages)
- Teaching Games For Understanding Model is the topic that I researched. This teaching model was created by Rod Thorpe and David Bunker from Loughborough University. The abbreviation for Teaching Games For Understanding Model is TGFU. This model was made for students to help educate them about the games they play in Physical Education. This learning model does not reflect on the performance from the student. It focuses on teaching student’s skills and key concepts in the classroom. There are six stages in TGFU that specifically target an important skill or concept that the student needs.... [tags: Rod Thorpe, David Bunker ]
865 words (2.5 pages)
- Teaching Goal: Become a Role Model One primary goal of mine is to become an educator that provides support and inspiration for matters outside of the classroom. I have been fortunate enough to have had an education both in elementary and secondary school that as given me the support and push I needed to grow. I have faced numerous challenges where I lacked confidence and self-esteem. When reflecting on the situations where I felt hopeless, I immediately think of the educators that helped me and guided me to be the person I am today.... [tags: Education, Teacher, School, Learning]
1134 words (3.2 pages)
Problems with Adolescents' Choices of Vocational Options in Ausubel's Theory and Problems of Adolescent Development
- The subject matter I have dealt with for this paper deals with the problems and implications facing adolescents and their future vocational decisions. This material is from a chapter in a book, written by David Ausubel#. There are many possible issues that can cause conflict in the aspect of adolescent choice for future employment. Some of the issues are simple, such as unrealistic goal placement and some of the obstacles are much deeper such as biological reasons. This paper will briefly summarize the material, present a personal opinion and then apply future inferences.... [tags: careers]
959 words (2.7 pages)
- Pinar refers to the current situation in the field of education as a “nightmare” because education is no longer in the hands of educators. Our society today is becoming full of citizens and educators who are comfortable being the silent majority. Educators are sitting back in the shadows remaining silent while our government tells us how and what to teach in order to cultivate the minds of an economically productive future society. Teachers are no longer able to educate students about the value of becoming intellectuals because their time is spent training students to pass a test.... [tags: suggested curriculums, education model]
835 words (2.4 pages)
- Expository Writing I really don't have any idea on where to start this paper, where it should go, and how it should end. It seems that I'm having a slight problem grasping the idea of expository writing. It's like when you were a kid trying to make it all the way across the monkey bars. You want to be able to reach that next rung and you try very hard, but somehow you just can't reach it. I seem to be having that problem. Right now, as I write, I'm not exactly sure I'm reaching the goal of this assignment, but this may be the best that it gets.... [tags: Teaching Education]
1144 words (3.3 pages)
- ... The last box was the systems box which is composed of the graduation, financial aid, and emails. The way the author separated each things into those boxes show how the author will be applying it at work. Input, Throughput, and Output Model What is it. Input, Throughput, and Output are part of an open-system system. According to Jacobs (2008) the system is something that is always working to stay on the same stability level. To keep the stability level there are feedback loops that use inputs and outputs.... [tags: changes, companies variables, model]
1722 words (4.9 pages)
- Love. Not For Everyone Poets and philosophers for centuries have been trying to answer the question, what is love. Love has an infinite number of definitions, which vary from one person to another. Love cannot be measured by any physical means. One may never know what true love is until love it- self has been experienced. What is love. A four letter word that causes a person to behave in a way that is out of character. What is love. A first kiss, childhood crushes on a teacher or friend’s mom. What is love.... [tags: Expository Essays]
1240 words (3.5 pages)