Ethnocentrism and cultural relativism are two contrasting terms that are displayed by different people all over the world. Simply put, ethnocentrism is defined as “judging other groups from the perspective of one’s own cultural point of view.” Cultural relativism, on the other hand, is defined as “the view that all beliefs are equally valid and that truth itself is relative, depending on the situation, environment, and individual.” Each of these ideas has found its way into the minds of people worldwide. The difficult part is attempting to understand why an individual portrays one or the other. It is a question that anthropologists have been asking themselves for years.
Ethnocentrism, as stated above, means the belief that one’s own culture is above and beyond all other cultures. Although this is somewhat of a shallow definition, it still provides an adequate explanation of a very complex issue. We see ethnocentrism every single day, in all aspects of life. The United States of America is a prime example of ethnocentrism is action. The people of this country have a tendency to disregard other cultures, instead believing that American culture is the only way to go. This is not to say that this is how everyone thinks, although most people, at one time or another, have had thoughts along these lines.
After the terrorist attack of 9/11, there was an immediate shift into almost hatred of any person of Arabic descent...
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- Ethnocentrism and Cultural Relativism Ethnocentrism and cultural relativism are two contrasting terms that are displayed by different people all over the world. Simply put, ethnocentrism is defined as “judging other groups from the perspective of one’s own cultural point of view.” Cultural relativism, on the other hand, is defined as “the view that all beliefs are equally valid and that truth itself is relative, depending on the situation, environment, and individual.” Each of these ideas has found its way into the minds of people worldwide.... [tags: Ethnocentrism Cultural Relativism Culture Essays]
500 words (1.4 pages)
- We live in a world society that is changing rapidly. It is causing people of various cultures likely to interact with each other. This interaction can be positive or negative depending on respect people have for other cultural groups and the level of sensitivity. These behaviors are directly related to the two very important concept in sociology, which are known as Ethnocentrism and Culture relativism. Negative attitudes toward other ethnic group or cultures can be result of ethnocentrism. On the other hand, positive attitude can be the result of the culture relativism approach.... [tags: Culture, Cultural relativism, Anthropology]
814 words (2.3 pages)
- Even nowadays, there still an issue that connected with language and related to cultures such as cultural relativism and ethnocentrism. Cultural relativism is a behavior in one culture that should not be judged by another’s value system which basically is a belief of own culture practice with respect and understand the different of other culture. While ethnocentrism is the opposite of cultural relativism. It is the ideal that one’s own culture is the main standard and better than other cultures such if other’s culture practice is contrary to your cultural norm, that practice would be immediately wrong.... [tags: Culture, Language, German language, Dialect]
1258 words (3.6 pages)
- My Culture Ferris and Stein (2016) defines culture as: “the entire way of life of a group of people” (p.73). Groups that come together is what creates culture. It brings together different languages, beliefs, values, norms, and even materials that are passed from one group to the next. There are also two types of of categories that make up culture. The first one is material culture, which consists of buildings, art, clothing and jewelry. The second category is Non-material culture which is a group 's way of doing and thinking.... [tags: Culture, Cultural relativism, Ethnocentrism]
769 words (2.2 pages)
- Cultural and ethical relativism can often be thought to share the exact same beliefs and be one and the same, but they actually have differences. As taught in lecture, Cultural relativism is when people try and understand and become involved with other cultures that are not their own and do not use their own cultures as the norm. People are free to still have their own opinions that come from their own culture, but they attempt to better relate to those of other cultures and figure out the “why” behind the rituals, beliefs, and values of others.... [tags: Morality, Cultural relativism, Culture, Ethics]
994 words (2.8 pages)
- Assess the merits and pitfalls of cultural relativism in contemporary anthropology. Cultural relativism is a contentious methodological and theoretical stance in anthropology, which advises that cultures should only be contemplated in their own context. This was conceptualised by Franz Boas (Boas, 1904). It rests on the idea that cultures are formed through the accumulative process of enculturation. Each culture has evolved in its own circumstances, thus it cannot be judged from a different framework (Herskovitz, 1955).... [tags: Culture, Cultural relativism]
1829 words (5.2 pages)
- Ethnocentrism is when a person judges a group by the standard of their own culture. Ethnocentrism come in many shapes and forms and takes place in all cultures. The example I found to be the best representation and explanation of ethnocentrism, was the TedTalk: Chimamanda Adichie The Danger of a single story. In her talk she relays times in her life where she thought all books had to have white British characters in them because she only read books, which had those types of characters. She also relayed the story of here first time in college where she had an American room mate who assumed she would have no idea how to do simple tasks like use a stove (Adichie).... [tags: Culture, Cultural relativism]
1112 words (3.2 pages)
- Over the years, American culture and values have constantly evolved. This evolution has been aided by the invention of new technologies, gaining new knowledge and discovering new things, and the transmission of foreign items and social practices (D. Kendall 56-57). Immigration can also be a driving force in the evolution of a society for all of the information and practices we have gained from other cultures. America is often called a melting pot because for hundreds of years people from all over the world have come to seek the American Dream.... [tags: Culture, Cultural relativism, Morality]
1289 words (3.7 pages)
- Short Essay 1 The dynamic and complex nature of the world is, in part, owed to the plethora of diverse cultures and societies throughout the span of humanity. Cultural Relativism, is a concept that admonishes judgement against these cultures from an outside perspective, and requires that a society’s traditions, beliefs, and practices be viewed within cultural context. While Cultural Relativism is a core concept rooted within anthropology, there is recent opposition against the concept regarding controversial practices or rites of passages such as female genital mutilation.... [tags: Anthropology, Cultural relativism, Culture]
836 words (2.4 pages)
- Are we limited in knowledge, in imagination, and in understanding by the culture we grow up in. In other words, are we ethnocentric, and if so is it a bad thing. To answer that, one must understand what ethnocentrism is. According to Macionis (2004), ethnocentrism is “the practice of judging another culture by the standards of one’s own culture”. We are not born with culture; culture is a socially learned behavior, or set of values that a given groups holds as a norm and are considered to be true and right.... [tags: ethnocentric culture essays research papers]
1382 words (3.9 pages)