One of the first challenges that ELL instructors must come to terms with is the identification and assessment of their students’ learning capabilities in their classroom. Traditional identification instruments designed for English speakers may not be valid with English language learners. Identification of English language learners with special needs should include consideration of several factors, such as family history, developmental and health history, first language and literacy development, previous schooling, and the learners' current academic ability, just to name a few. Learning in any language is affected by learning disabilities, but second language learners with special needs present additional educational challenges. According to the British Columbia Ministry of Education, Skills, and Training (Fowler & Hooper, 1998), instructors of English language learners with special needs should consider the cultural, developmental, and first language background of the learner. They should also do the following: (1.) Provide a highly structured learning environment; (2.) Focus on contextual learning;
Build on learners' prior knowledge; (4.) Provide constant review; (5.) Simplify language; (6.) Build other skills while developing English. The use of standardized testing to identify and assess the progress of English language learners with special needs is problematic. Normally designed for native English speakers, many assessment instruments do not reliably assess speakers of other languages because they ignore differences among linguistic and cultural groups (Schwarz & Burt, 1995). Assessment of English language learners with special needs should...
... middle of paper ...
...e into consideration the characteristics of young English language learners and their language development, the learning conditions that are most effective for these learners, and the kinds of instruction that best meet their needs.
De Houwer, A. Two or more languages in early childhood: Some general points and practical recommendations (ERIC Digest). Washington, DC: ERIC Clearinghouse on Languages and Linguistics. (1999)
Echevarria, J. Teaching language minority students in elementary schools (Research Brief No. 1). Santa Cruz, CA, and Washington, DC: Center for Research on Education, Diversity & Excellence. (2003)
Fowler, J., & Hooper, H.R. ESL Learners with Special Needs in British Columbia: Identification, Assessment and Programming. British Columbia: The British Columbia Ministry for Education, Skills, and Training. (1998)
Peterson, J. Michael and Hittie, Marie Michael. Inclusive Teaching : Creating Effective Schools for All Learners. Pearson Publishing. (2003)
Schwarz, R., & Burt, M. ESL Instruction for Learning Disabled Adults. ERIC Digest. Washington, DC: National Center for ESL Literacy Education. (EDRS No. ED 379 966) (1995)
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Research review Over the semester I worked with a young girl who is an English language learner (ELL). An English language learner is someone who is not yet fully competent with the English language and his or her native language is not English (Lerner and Johns, 2012). Lowered English competency leads individuals to encounter difficulties comprehending and using the English language (Learner and Johns, 2012). The need for adequate language capabilities is paramount in life and education, without it one may not receive information or actively participate in the environment.... [tags: English Language Learners]
1764 words (5 pages)
- Introduction English Language Learners (hereafter referred to as ELLs) currently comprise 10% of the total school population in the United States (National Center for Education Statistics, 2005). It is a population that is going to continue to increase in American public education and their specific needs for learning literacy are of great importance to teachers. Since schools and teachers are increasingly judged based upon the academic achievement of students, then the success of the growing population of ELLs is going to be increasingly important.... [tags: English Language Learners, ELLs]
2659 words (7.6 pages)
- The United States has seen a dramatic increase in its non-native English speaking public education classrooms, especially from students born in Latin American countries. This population trend has been the encouragement for bilingual education reform throughout the decades. Bilingual education has been a long heated debate, especially in the political arena, that has focused on whether English language learners (ELL) should be taught primarily in English only, their home languages, or a combination of both.... [tags: bilingual education, english learners, ell]
1248 words (3.6 pages)
- According to the Glossary of Education Reform ("English language learner," 2013), English Language Learners (ELL) are students who are unable to communicate fluently or learn effective in English; who often come from non English speaking homes and backgrounds. And who typically require specialized or modified instruction in both English language and in their academic courses. Immigrants make up 13% of the United States population, and within the 13% many people have children who speak their native language.... [tags: ell student, english language, languages]
937 words (2.7 pages)
- learning strategies, which were used for illiterate 15 refugee students (in Sudanese language), two adult students from CCAE (the Cambridge Center for Adult Education) and four teenage students from Orara High School. The researcher hypothesized Sangster`s assumption (2001) that the use of the traditional methods in teaching such as print based materials are not suitable and effective in ESL literacy classes. Dawn (2001) pointed to the fact that English language learners view the teacher as an “unquestioned expert” and that teachers should help students to learn English in anew way.... [tags: Teaching English as a foreign language]
1727 words (4.9 pages)
- Educating English Learners: Language Diversity in the Classroom takes a clear stance on the superiority of bilingual education over English only education methods. The research and empirical evidence seems to support Crawford 's opinions to a large extent. As a mother of two boys and someone who understands the value of multilingualism, a two-way bilingual educational model makes sense. However, in Colorado where I intend to spend the next twenty years or so teaching, the opportunities for bilingual education are limited at this time.... [tags: Multilingualism, Second language]
1791 words (5.1 pages)
- After reading the chapter 2, the most important idea captured my attention is to decide which program is beneficial for LEP students. One of the most important decisions in the field of teaching English Language Learners is which program of instruction to use. These programs range from bilingual education to English only immersion. "According to the Center for Research on Education, Diversity and Excellence(CREDE), such choices should ideally be based on careful consideration of a district 's goals, resources, and the needs and characteristics of its students." (page-50) When thinking about which program will be the best for English Language Learners, it is important to note that a program t... [tags: English language, Second language]
1047 words (3 pages)
- Literature Review The population of English language learners has been increasing in the last decade. In 2011–12, ELL students in cities made up an average of 14.2 percent of total public school enrollment, ranging from 10.9 percent in small cities to 16.7 percent in large cities (U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics). The U. S. Census Bureau (2011) projections indicate that by 2023, 50% of the student population under 18 years of age will be composed of minority students.... [tags: Second language, Multilingualism]
1676 words (4.8 pages)
- There are a lot of students being placed whose primary language is not English. Students walk into a mainstream classroom not being able to speak English. Students in this situation are call English Language Learners(ELLs). These students are not receiving appropriate language support to succeed in their language development which is causing them to not have the ability to acquire language. When reading the scenario that was asked for this assignment, I noticed that the teacher didn 't use a lot of strategies to help the ELL students develop language development.... [tags: Linguistics, Language acquisition, Education]
1010 words (2.9 pages)
- As a future teacher, it feels intimidating thinking about having English language learners in a classroom full of English speaking students. I have never thought about having students who do not speak English in a classroom until recently because of our class discussions and the reading assignments. Therefore, since I am going to be an educator, I am glad to be aware that having ELL students in my future classroom is a possibility. I want to be a successful teacher for every student who walks into my classroom, rather they speak English or not.... [tags: English language, United Kingdom, England]
779 words (2.2 pages)