Egyptian Art and Architecture, the buildings, paintings, sculpture, and allied arts of ancient Egypt, from prehistoric times to its conquest by the Romans in 30 bc. Egypt had the longest unified history of any civilization in the ancient Mediterranean, extending with few interruptions from about 3000 bc to the 4th century ad. The nature of the country, fertilized and united by the Nile, and its semi-isolation from outside cultural influences, produced an artistic style that changed little during this long period. Art in all its forms was devoted principally to the service of the pharaoh, who was considered a god on Earth, to the state, and to religion. From early times a belief in a life after death dictated that the dead be buried with material goods to their ensure well-being for eternity. The regular patterns of nature—the annual flooding of the Nile, the cycle of the seasons, and the progress of the Sun that brought day and night—were considered gifts from the gods to the people of Egypt. Egyptian thought, morality, and culture were rooted in a deep respect for order and balance. Change and novelty were not considered important in themselves; thus the style and representational conventions in Egyptian art that were established early in the development of that civilization continued virtually unchanged for more than 3,000 years. To the modern eye the Egyptian artistic idiom may seem stiff and static; its underlying intention, however, was not to create an image of things as they appear in reality, but rather to capture the essence of a person, animal, or object for eternity.
II PREDYNASTIC PERIOD
The early prehistoric dwellers on the Nile inhabited the terraces or plateaux left by the river as it cut its bed. Tools and implements left by these early inhabitants of Egypt show their gradual development from seminomadic hunter-gatherers to settled agriculturists. By 4000 bc the civilization of Egypt was in its earliest formative stages; the Predynastic period, which lasted until about 3100 bc, had begun.
Evidence of organized settlements dating from this period has been found, and artefacts produced are mainly associated with burials. Objects were put into the grave with the body for the use of the spirit in the next life; thus a great quantity of such personal goods as pottery, tools, and weapons has been preserve...
... middle of paper ...
...from earlier monuments. An interest in perceptive portraiture begun in the 25th Dynasty was continued, sometimes with splendid results.
The 26th Dynasty ended with the invasion by the Persian Empire and, except for brief periods, Egypt was never again completely free from foreign domination. The conquest of the country by Alexander the Great in 332 bc and by the Romans in 30 bc brought Egypt into the Classical world, but the ancient artistic traditions persisted. Alexander and his successors were depicted on the walls of temples as Egyptian kings in an Egyptian style of relief carving. Temples were built in the Ptolemaic period (the dynasty founded by Alexander) and in the Roman period that echoed traditional Egyptian styles in architecture.
Egyptian art also exerted a powerful influence on the cultures of the invaders. Early Greek artists acknowledged a debt to Egypt in the development of their own styles. The Romans so loved Egyptian art that they carried off to their homeland countless examples and even had imitations of Egyptian sculpture carved by Roman artists. The influence of Egyptian art and the fascination with Egyptian antiquity have persisted to the present day.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- In the article, “Illusionism in the Egyptian Architecture” by Alexander Badawy, the author clearly described and explained the range of illusionistic effects, from reproduction of certain element to conceptual illusions presented in different Ancient Egyptian architectures. For each of the illusionistic effects, the author provided one or more examples, and postulated the possible reasons and results in the application of that particular effect. The author noted that Ancient architecture, like all Egyptian art is functional in nature, and the incorporation of illusion is to achieve a particular function.... [tags: Ancient Egypt, Egypt, Egyptian hieroglyphs]
733 words (2.1 pages)
- Ancient Egyptian Religious Architecture One of the greatest cultural achievements of Ancient Egypt was undoubtedly in their architecture associated with religion. "Temples, tombs and pyramids - all have witnessed this earth for thousands of years. What better than to say that these architectural achievements show us that Egypt's greatest virtue lay in its architecture" (Fumeaux:11, 1964) When one travels to Egypt, what does he/she see - pyramid after temple after tomb, each standing the test of time.... [tags: Ancient Egypt Egyptian History]
1288 words (3.7 pages)
- When comparing two forms of artwork, it may be quite difficult to tell them apart. And when those artworks are thousands upon thousands of years old, it certainly does not help the issue. When looking at both Egyptian and Sumerian art, there is certainly a resemblance to some degree. Both are from before our time, and both express the beliefs and culture of their respective lineage. But if you delve deeper, you can certainly start to see a difference. Egyptian art is known widely for its hieroglyphics, while Sumerian art may be seen as focusing more on the naturalistic views on the human form.... [tags: art, egytian and sumerian culture]
1152 words (3.3 pages)
- The topic that will be discussed are different styles of art and architecture throughout Ancient Egypt and what motivated the Egyptians to create theses styles. It will address the different styles based on different important periods of time from which they were developed. After a discussion of motivations for Egyptian art, in the correct historical order, this paper will discuss the Old Kingdom, the Middle Kingdom, the Amarna Period, and finally the New Kingdom. The main two motivations for Egyptian art and architecture were to please the gods that they worshiped and to provide happiness as well as safety for their "ka" in the afterlife.... [tags: Ancient Egypt, Egypt, Akhenaten, Egyptians]
1391 words (4 pages)
- Egypt was definitely one of the most influential periods to date, they became an amazing civilization due to their advancements in architecture and culture, This is largely due to the Egyptian style of art and clothing. The art and clothing was colorful, consistent, and structural. They 're three different major times. There was the Old Kingdom which was about (2686 to 2181 B.C.E) In the Old Kingdom came prosperity and success as shown through the creation of the greatest and largest pyramids in Egyptian history, the first King of this time is Djoser & During the old kingdom time, the Egyptian kings were referred to as gods.... [tags: Ancient Egypt, Egypt, Nile, Cairo]
846 words (2.4 pages)
- Tha Influence of Egyptian Art on Modern World Egyptian art has journeyed through the centuries as one of the most influential phenomenons in human civilization. From the Greeks to the Romans to the people of today, Egyptians and their beautiful representations in art and architecture have proven a legacy in the creations of certain landmarks, statues, and even advertisements. The Greeks derived many of their statues from Egyptian sculptures, such as the Kouros 600 B.C. The Roman emperor Augustus in expressing his rulership also drew from Egyptian sculpture when he had himself depicted as a statue of Menkaure (an ancient Egyptian king) with all the Egyptian trimmings of robe, crown, and pos... [tags: Egyptian Art Artistic Edypt Essays]
1157 words (3.3 pages)
- ... The Haghia Sophia was the perfect example of Byzantine art. The Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem is an example of how one architectural style can inspire another one. The dome of the Rock is also inspired by the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem. (Islamic) There were many Christian artists who were commissioned to work on the art for the Dome of the Rock. The Dome of the Rock captures many stylistic traits similar to the Byzantine Cathedrals. The Dome of the Rock was built especially for religious worship.... [tags: major architectural achievements]
1531 words (4.4 pages)
- Ancient Egypt Located in Northern Africa, ancient Egypt was a captivating and intricate civilization. Over the years, historians have found it easier to study this civilization, rather than other historical civilizations, because the Egyptians went through great lengths to record their history with the use of hieroglyphics. Besides being decent record keepers, they were very religious, and “ahead of their time,” due to their technological and architectural breakthroughs. Pyramids were made, tools were created, and paper was invented.... [tags: Ancient Egypt, Egypt, Egyptian hieroglyphs]
1330 words (3.8 pages)
- African Art and Architecture The history of art in Africa goes back to prehistoric times. Among the most ancient African art forms are the rock paintings and engravings from Tassili and Ennedi in the Sahara (6000 BC-1st century AD). Other examples of early art include the terracotta sculptures modelled by Nok artists in central Nigeria between 500 BC and AD 200, the decorative bronze works of Igbo Ukwu (9th-10th century AD), and the extraordinary bronze and terracotta sculptures from Ife (12th-15th century AD).... [tags: Papers]
857 words (2.4 pages)
- Egyptian Art was once considered to be unchanged, when viewing this art as a whole. Egyptian Art seems to be repetitive pattern of images and ideas. Yet all of these images are uniquely different. Ranging from 3000b.c to 50b.c. Taking the same principles through out the entire period. Which consists of Old, Middle and New Kingdoms. Each dynasty had a different addition to the basic concepts that were established in the beginning, ideas of the artist grew faster and better. Many cultures shared from the influence of Egyptian Art.... [tags: essays research papers]
907 words (2.6 pages)