Diversity Within English Essay

Diversity Within English Essay

Length: 1419 words (4.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Diversity Within English

     In order to understand how language variation descriptors are used, we
first must understand what language variation is. We can say that the U.S. is
linguistically diverse because of the multitude of languages spoken here, but
we can also find diversity within these languages. All languages have both
dialectical variations and registral variations. These variations, or dialects,
can differ in lexicon, phonology, and/or syntax from the Standard Language that
we often think of as Œcorrect' Language, although they are not necessarily less
proper than, say, Standard English. It depends on where, by whom, and in what
situation the dialect is used as to whether or not it is appropriate.
     Most people are familiar with regional dialects, such as Boston,
Brooklyn, or Southern. These types of variations usually occur because of
immigration and settlement patterns. People tend to seek out others like
themselves. Regional variations tend to become more pronounced as the speech
community is more isolated by physical geography, i.e. mountain ranges, rivers.
Linguists have done extensive studies on regional dialects, producing detailed
Linguistic Atlases. Many linguists can tell where a person is from just by
knowing whether a person carries groceries home from the supermarket in a paper
bag or from the grocery store in a paper sack (Yule 184). And the person who
comes home from the supermarket with a paper sack serves to remind us that
language variation is not a discrete, but rather a continuous variable.
Characteristics of the dialect are more pronounced in the center of the speech
community and tend to be less discernible at the outer boundaries, where they
often overlap other regional dialects.
     Within, and between, these regional variations we find the social
dialects. The primary social factors that influence dialects are class,
education, occupation, ethnicity, sex, and age (Ferguson 52, Yule 191). And
social dialects can vary on any or all three descriptor levels; syntax or
grammar, lexicon or vocabulary, and phonetics or pronunciation. Social
dialects are also where the described differences are often defined as
stigmatized or nonstigmatized (Ferguson 52). Stigmatized items include use of
the double negative (grammar), substituting the d sound for t...

... middle of paper ...

...frequency. Using in' for ing, as in goin' is universal across
status groups, but it is found almost twice as often in the lower working class
than in the lower middle class, and almost four times more than in the upper
middle class (Ferguson 61).
     With all these different variables that intersect and overlap with the
different dialect variations is is a wonder that any sense can be made of
American English at all. But there two other important point to remember.
Language universals such as displacement, arbitrariness, productivity, cultural
transmission, discreteness and duality are unique to human language (Yule 22)
and provides a base or norm for measuring variations. Implicational
relationships provide a way of measuring relative distance between the different
variations and also serve as a means to predict changes in individual dialects
(Ferguson 66).

Works Consulted

Ferguson, Charles A., and Shirley Brice Heath, eds. Language in the USA.
Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1981.

Piatt, Bill. Only English? Law and Language Policy in the United States.
Albuquerque: U of New Mexico P, 1990.

Yule, George. The Study of Language. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 1985.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Diversity Of The English Language Essay

- Communication between people depends significantly on the use of language as the core component. Language can be used orally, which requires us to understand the phonetics of speech. Oral language is fundamental to learning and is thought to be language’s first and primary form (Fellowes & Oakley, 2014). Language can also be seen and comprehended into meaning, such as the ability to read text, understand body language and to write words to convey the meaning of thoughts in one’s head. The diversity of the English language includes World Englishes, such as Australian and New Zealand English....   [tags: English language, Australian English]

Strong Essays
905 words (2.6 pages)

The Language Of The English Essay

- Disparity between the spheres of spoken and written English has existed since the language’s standardization. Spelling has infamously and unreliably advised what it considers “correct” elocution, which leaves pronunciation to unwittingly fall into a relatively inferior position. The English tongue performs at the command of spelling, following the confusing structures of various lexeme permutations. This disassociation between the spelling and the pronunciation of modern words historically began during the Early Modern English period, a result of technological advances, changing national attitudes, and transformations in linguistic variation, occurrences which contributed to the general stan...   [tags: English language, Vowel, England, Modern English]

Strong Essays
1199 words (3.4 pages)

Essay on The Value of Workplace Diversity

- The diversity of an organization’s workforce and taking affirmative steps to attract, develop and retain diverse employees has become an essential component to business success. It is to encourage managers to use all resources when recruiting to enhance the cultural diversity in their work place as “dynamic atmosphere of collaboration”. Ethic represents the principles by which people distinguish what is morally right. “Diversity is characteristics of individuals that shape their identities and the experience they have in society” (Certo, 2010, p.117) Workplace diversity is similarities and differences among employees in terms of age, cultural background, physical abilities and disabilities,...   [tags: Racial Diversity, Ethnic Diversity]

Free Essays
1199 words (3.4 pages)

The Impact of Workforce Diversity Essay

- Workforce diversity is taken more serious today than 20 years ago. Before women were not allowed to work, and when women did start appearing in the workforce they were usually overworked making lower wages than men. 20 years ago white males dominated the workforce and that was considered normal for any company. Before companies even thought of becoming global or internationally known, workforce diversity was affecting companies around the world. Benefits of a Diverse Workforce There are a lot of different and unique people living in the U.S....   [tags: Racial Diversity, Ethnic Diversity]

Free Essays
665 words (1.9 pages)

Essay about Official English Movements And English

- Official English movements and English only can actually be defined as the efforts that have been put in place over time by the federal and state governments, organizations, [private citizens or lobbyists in order to make English the official and only language used by the public in their daily lives or used in governmental purposes throughout the United States. These efforts have been seen to be controversial in the sense that many scholars have termed them to be serving the interests on natives of America who speak English (Macedo, 2010)....   [tags: United States, English language]

Strong Essays
1042 words (3 pages)

Judicial Diversity And Lack Of Diversity Essay example

- Introduction Judicial diversity has been a continuous topic of discussion in both society and in the English legal system. Currently, the process of the merit system causes a lack of diversity in the English bench, which is highly due to the undiverse characters of the upper reaches of the legal profession. There have been numerous unsuccessful attempts to promote diversity within the judiciary. The Constitution Reform Act 2005 (CRA 2005) was then introduced to ensure selection is based on merit and to promote judicial diversity....   [tags: Judge, Law, Affirmative action, Court]

Strong Essays
1057 words (3 pages)

Essay on Diversity And Non English Speakers

- Introduction The diversity and non-English speakers have increased in the United States according to Manning, & Baruth (2008). Even, so with more ethnicities and nationalities increasing in the United States then so must education. But as the diversity has increased physically it has not increased in the educational system for lessons or teaching. Many students from diverse backgrounds often have trouble assimilating to the norms put forth in the classroom and feel neglected by the traditional system in place (2008, Lee, & Dallman) This author will create a hypothetical lesson that to teach in a classroom that promotes diversity and explain why it is important in the classroom setting....   [tags: Education, Teacher, Discrimination, Sociology]

Strong Essays
1557 words (4.4 pages)

Managing Ethnic Diversity in the Workplace Essay examples

- For the purpose of this paper, I will define what the term Diversity means, and then I will concentrate on the diversity as a result of geographic origin or ethnic diversity. I will look at how ethnic diversity is managed generally and then how my employer, deals with the diverse ethnic groups in its organization and what it needs to improve on. The first usage of ethnicity is attributed to the American Sociologist David Riesman in 1953. The word ethnic, however, is much older. It is derived from the Greek word ethnos (which in turn derived from the word ethnicos), which originally meant heathen or pagan[1]....   [tags: Racial Diversity Workplace Essays]

Strong Essays
2701 words (7.7 pages)

Essay on Hispanic American Diversity

- The diversity of Hispanics shares the same language but have many differences. In this research paper the four groups that I will be discussing will include: Mexican Americans, Puerto Rican American, Venezuelan American and finally the Colombian American. The areas that will be discussed will include: linguistic, political, social, economic religion and family conventions and or family status. Puerto Rican Americans When leaving the entrance of any train station in the Brooklyn N. Y, you could immediately hear the salsa music blaring from several cars, home and corner stores....   [tags: Hispanic American Diversity Race Immigration]

Free Essays
1278 words (3.7 pages)

Essay about Diversity

- People are not alike. Everyone is different. This essay will start by giving a detailed description of what diversity is and how it applies in today's modern society. Although sometimes linked to equality and used interchangeably, the terms ‘equality’ and ‘diversity’ are not the same. It will therefore be necessary to define diversity. For the purpose of this essay diversity will be used in the societal context, the word societal will be used in relation to human society and its members, social institutions, societal evolution, societal forces and social legislation....   [tags: Multicultural Population, Migration]

Strong Essays
1578 words (4.5 pages)