Diversity refers to the presence of individual human characteristics that make people different from one another (Schermerhorn, Hunt, and Osborn, 2005). Among these individual human characteristics are demographic differences, such as age, gender, sexual-orientation, ablebodiedness, race and ethnicity, and religion. Diversity and demographic differences can impact individual behavior by creating discrimination, stereotypes and prejudices in the work place. The differences that impact individual behavior the most are age, gender, sexual-orientation, and race and ethnicity.
Ages in the workplace can vary from as young as 16 to ages over 60 years old. This vast range of age differences within the workplace can create discrimination, stereotypes and prejudices among individuals. Such stereotypes and prejudices come from the misperception that as people age, their skills, ablebodiedness, and thought processing deteriorates and they are in turn unable to complete their work as effectively and efficiently as their younger counterparts.
According to the United States’ government site for equal opportunity, http://www.eeoc.gov/facts/age.html, setting age limits for employment has become common practice among employers. People over the age of 40 years are at the highest risk of age discrimination, but people of all ages can be victims of age discrimination. The government has created several acts, in which age discrimination is unlawful and not tolerated. In 1967, Congress created the Age Discrimination Act (ADEA), protecting individuals over 40 years old against age discrimination. This act protects both employees and job applicants. Under the ADEA, “it is unlawful to discriminate against a person because of his/her age, with respect to any term, condition, or privilege of employment—including, but not limited to hiring, firing, promotion, layoff, compensation, benefits, job assignments, and training” (ADEA, 1967).
Two other acts that protect individuals from age discrimination are the Age Discrimination Act of 1975 (ADA) and Section 188 of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (WIA). The ADA protects individuals of all ages from discrimination when applying for programs and actitivities that receive federal financial assistance, and the WIA protects against age discriminatio...
... middle of paper ...
...dments to the Constitution, anti-discrimination acts, and civil rights’ movements--discrimination still exists. Shirley Chisholm, the first African-American women to win a seat in the United States Congress, once said, “In the end antiblack, antifemale, and all forms of discrimination are equivalent to the same thing - antihumanism.”
American Psychological Association. “Answers to Your Questions About Sexual Orientation and Homosexuality.” Retrieved on April 5, 2005 from: http://www.apa.org/pubinfo/answers.html#whatis.
Fix, Michael E. and Margery Austin Turner (1998) The Role of Testing a National Report Card on Discrimination in America. Retrieved on April 5, 2005 from: http://www.urban.org/url.cfm?ID=308024.
Orfield, Gary and Susan Eaton. 1996. Dismantling Desegregation: The Quiet Reversal of Brown vs. Board of Education. New York: The New Press.
Schermerhorn, John R., James G. Hunt and Richard N. Osborn (2003). Organizational Behavior, Chapter 4. New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc.
U. S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. The Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967. Retrieved on April 5, 2005 from: http://www.eeoc.gov/policy/adea.html.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Diversity in the workplace can be controversial. It is mostly controversial when it is considered negatively. Thankfully there are many laws to protect the rights of many minorities who are usually discriminated against in the workplace. Interestingly, since companies “have to” hire applicants without discriminating, they found that it is actually beneficial to have diversity in the work environment. There are many advantages to having diversity in age, gender, and disabled employees in the workforce.... [tags: Racial Diversity, Ethnic Diversity]
1014 words (2.9 pages)
- bstract This paper emphasizes the importance of cultural diversity and the impact that it has on Elementary school students (Burt, 2013). Attending a school with a diverse student population can help prepare children for citizenship in a multicultural democracy (Morrissey, 2014). America is known as the melting pot because of the immigration of people who entered the country in search for a more stable life. Immigrants brought their own unique cultures with them. Census Bureau predicts that by 2100, the minority population will be the majority.... [tags: Education, Culture, School, Cultural diversity]
3179 words (9.1 pages)
- Diversity: Individual Behavior Impact Individual behavior is the pattern of behavior, thought, and emotion, unique to an individual, and the ways he or she interact to help or hinder the adjustment of a person to other people and situations (The Columbia Encyclopedia, 2001). Within organizations, diversity can positively or negatively impact the behavior of individuals. Organizations are responsible and held accountable for making the overall work environment conducive for all within the diversified setting.... [tags: Work Diverse Behavior Essays]
1487 words (4.2 pages)
- The Influence of Diversity Factors on Individual Behavior There are numerous influences that affect individual and group behavior in the workplace. A great many of these are external to the workplace, and include the influences of pervasive social forces that shape an individual's behavior from early childhood, such as religion, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status; physiological influences that impose both opportunities and constraints, such as age and gender; and the influences from life choices that individuals make, such as occupation and geographic location.... [tags: Behavioral Psychology]
1420 words (4.1 pages)
- ... Some of the policies that resulted in these include the integration of public schools, the right to interracial marriage and the reduced discrimination against people of colour, of different religion and of wrongly accused crimes such as the Executive Orders of 9066. Although it seems like the issues of diversity has been playing a major role in these humanitarian ideologies, it is not until recently that it came to be incorporated extensively into politics and public policies. Since the contexts of social diversity greatly impacts policies that pertain to education, immigration and employment, majourity of U.S.... [tags: minorities, race, education]
820 words (2.3 pages)
- ... These kinds of tests are used to assess an individual’s potential to be successful in jobs that require a great deal of interpersonal interactions and communication (Ployhart, 2006). Physical Ability Test and Drug Testing The purpose of physical testing is to assess an individual’s physical ability to perform. They measure physical capabilities such as strength, speed, and balance. Drug testing on the other hand is used to evaluate whether an individual has previously/currently used illegal drugs such as marijuana and cocaine (Hadfield, 2009).... [tags: assessments, evaluation centers]
1635 words (4.7 pages)
- Socialization is the process where people learn the attitudes, values and behaviors that are appropriate for members of a particular culture. During socialization people learn about societal norms as well as how to communicate and interact with others. Humans are not born with the understanding of how to behave properly in society, this is something that we learn as we grow and discover the self, a distinct identity of who we are, that emerges from our interactions with society. The development of the self is influenced by socializing agents which are used to transmit culture.... [tags: Sociology, High school, Education, Peer group]
885 words (2.5 pages)
- For a team to be successful there are several factors that have to be addressed in order for a fluent, functioning group of individuals combined to achieve a certain goal. This goal can be a variety of different endings from producing minor results to making decisions that create a major impact on a large scale. Within a team environment conflict is always presence. Conflict is essential to the advancement of teams and must be managed in a proper way to avoid destruction and division amongst the group of individuals.... [tags: Coach, Sports, Team]
1400 words (4 pages)
- While diversity is often a term used to refer specifically to cultural differences, diversity applies to all the qualities that make people different. From a management perspective, the key to diversity is to understand how different types of diversity and different demographic characteristics can impact human behavior. The four types of diversity that will be examined are: occupation, differences in skills and abilities, personality traits, and value and attitudes.... [tags: demographics, culture, professional, workplace]
1040 words (3 pages)
- Diversity Diversity can be defined as a situation that includes representation of multiple and ideally all groups within a prescribed environment, such as a workplace (University of Maryland, 2000). The success of an organization depends on the workforce of the organization. A workforce made up of diverse individuals from different backgrounds can bring the best talent to an organization. There are many types of diversity and demographic characteristics and each one has an impact on individual behavior.... [tags: Ethnicity Race Anthropology Diverse Essays]
844 words (2.4 pages)