Author's Account of `ordinary' Morality As An Antedote For It
Augustine believes that the condition of war arises when the perfectly
ordered and harmonious enjoyment of God is disrupted (The City of God, 690)
whereas Hobbes believes that the original state of nature is a condition of
constant war, which rational and self-motivated people want to end.
Augustine argues that peace is more than the absence of hostilities - it
is a state of harmony that makes possible the full functioning of human beings.
Full functioning comes from the four internal virtues (courage, justice,
temperance, and prudence) that we must exercise to achieve good human morality.
Human morality, by and of its self, will not allow us humans to travel to our
moral destination. It is only an exercise of the four virtues so that we as
humans can achieve some sort of peace on our own through God's saving grace.
To Augustine, humans seek an object of love they can't lose. The problem
with that to humans is that humans can't provide that to other humans completely.
Only God can and that in turn causes hostility among humans. The love of God,
then, is the only way humans can completely satisfy all four virtues and have
eternal peace. Eternal peace is where faith, love, and hope are to be enjoyed,
such as in The City of God.
In Book XIX, Augustinian social theory summa...
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Evolution of Government During the 17th century, Europe went through political conversation regarding government structure. English philosopher Thomas Hobbes published his document Leviathan during the War of Religion. The War of Religion was a time period in which Europe was trying to establish its religion between Catholic and French Protestants and this process resulted in uproar throughout Europe. Hobbes was exposed to the conflicts of the War in England, which drastically changed his view of government and influenced him to relocate in France.... [tags: Thomas Hobbes, Political philosophy]
1172 words (3.3 pages)
- State of Nature – Paper Four In his famous book, Leviathan, English scholar Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) describes to readers the “state of nature”, a depiction where mankind exists in an uncivilized, lawless society where fear of eminent death reign. In his words the state of nature represents a “war of all against all, in which the life of man is solitary, poor, nasty, brutish, and short” (Shafer-Landau 197). In order to escape such a life man must band together into a commonwealth where they trade unlimited freedom for the prospect of cooperation and increased quality of life.... [tags: Thomas Hobbes, Political philosophy]
1216 words (3.5 pages)
- Humans are social creatures. We are motivated when other humans praise us or reward us. In other words, we have an appetite for love. Conversely, we feel fear when other humans threaten to take away our rights. We are motivated to change our circumstances to avoid this feeling of fear. In The Leviathan, Thomas Hobbes examines how humans forge social contracts in order to build societies that will protect themselves from fear. Hobbes theorizes what humanity would be like in the state of nature, “where every man is enemy to every man”.... [tags: Political philosophy, Thomas Hobbes]
1056 words (3 pages)
- Niccolo Machiavelli and Thomas Hobbes are two men that have contributed to political science and philosophy, over the course of their history, each contributed ideas that are still relevant today. Machiavelli’s considered as one of the founders of modern political science for his realistic views in The Prince, which was wrote for aspiring leaders. His ideology is that in order to be successful, you have to be willing to get your hands dirty, and be willing to use your own people to do so/if need be.... [tags: Political philosophy, Thomas Hobbes]
1519 words (4.3 pages)
- Upon exposure under a modern viewpoint, with the benefit of hindsight to assist, the philosophies of Plato and Thomas Hobbes fall under an unequivocal category of judgment on how governments must run - specifically, that of complete authoritarianism. Throughout their lives, they pandered to delusions of assurance and refuge in absolute totalitarianism, with an insufficient amount of compelling evidence to bolster their assertions. Ordinarily, the enlightenment of enfranchisement in major countries like the United States should have abolished and denounced the ideologies indefinitely.... [tags: Thomas Hobbes, Political philosophy, Philosophy]
1133 words (3.2 pages)
- In his book The Leviathan Thomas Hobbes begins with bringing to the readers attention that despite the fact that all men may not be deemed equal that they were created equal. He backs up this statement by saying, "For as to the strength of body, the weakest has strength enough to kill the strongest, either by a secret machination, or by confederacy with others, that are in the same danger with himself. In saying this, Hobbes illustrates that physical strength is not really an issue or a major factor.... [tags: Thomas Hobbes' Philosophy]
2075 words (5.9 pages)
- Different schools of thought have generated arguments since the beginning of civilization. They represent different perspectives of every part of life, whether its religion or politics. The realist school and the humanist perspectives offer people different views in many different aspects. The realist school is based on the thought that human nature is not perfectible. Human nature is viewed as evil and something that cannot be trusted or counted on. In order to have a successful society the citizens need to be controlled by a strong sovereign government.... [tags: Thomas Hobbes' Philosophy]
732 words (2.1 pages)
- Thomas Hobbes Thomas Hobbes was an English philosopher who lived from 1588-1679. He attended Oxford University where he studied classics. His occupation was a tutor, but he also traveled around Europe to meet with scientists and to study different forms of government. He became interested in why people allowed themselves to be ruled, and what would be the best form of government for England. Thomas Hobbes was the first great figure in modern moral philosophy. Hobbes had a pessimistic view of people; he believed humans were selfish creatures who would do anything to better their positions.... [tags: Thomas Hobbes' Philosophy]
517 words (1.5 pages)
- Thomas Hobbes' Leviathan Above anything else, Thomas Hobbes’ Leviathan is a creation story and an investigation of human nature. The story begins in a time of chaos and death and through a journey of human development culminates in the establishment of a sustainable and rational society—the commonwealth—led by a sovereign. At a first casual glance, Hobbes’ reasoning of the transformation from the state of nature to the commonwealth is not airtight. A few possible objections can be quickly spotted: the contradictions of natural law with suicide and the civil law to honor even harmful covenants.... [tags: Hobbes Thomas Leviathan Essays]
1937 words (5.5 pages)
- Thomas Hobbes begins Leviathan with Book 1: Of Man, in which he builds, layer by layer, a foundation for his eventual argument that the “natural condition” of man, or one without sovereign control, is one of continuous war, violence, death, and fear. Hobbes's depiction of this state is the most famous passage in Leviathan: [D]uring the time men live without a common Power to keep them all in awe, they are in a condition which is called Warre; and such a warre, as is of every man, against every man.... [tags: Thomas Hobbes' Philosophy]
670 words (1.9 pages)