Communism Essay

Communism Essay

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Communism is the belief that everyone in a society should be equal and
share their wealth. It is an outgrowth of socialism and Anabaptism (Laski 45).
It became a firmly rooted term after the Russian Revolution of 1917. According
to the words of Karl Marx, "From each according to his ability, to each
according to his needs" 1. These theories were spread by
Karl Marx. He believed that what a person made of himself reflected his effort
(McLellan 1). He also believed that communism, or the state of equality was
ones "final stage in life" (Leone 1).

     Communism basically started in 1847, with the formation of the London
Communist League. This was an international association of worker, whose sole
purpose was to write a "theoretical and practical program which would serve as
the basis for uniting the working classes of Europe" (Leone 1). The London
Communist League asked Marx for help in drafting a document to represent their
standings. He composed the "Communist Manifesto" or "The Manifesto of the
Communist Party" (Leone 1).

     The Russian Revolution helped foster communism. The Russian Revolution
started with the with the assassination of Rasputin. In March of 1917, the Duma
declares a prvisional government, including czars. During this period, there
were also massive strikes by the workers. It was furthered by the abdication of
Czar Nicholas. The Russian Revolution itself occured throughout 1917, with the
start of the March Revolution. In April of 1917, Lenin return from exil in
Switerland and denounced the established provisional government. The next
general step was the gaining of the seats in the Petograd Soviet Parliment by
the Bolsheviks. The Bolsheviks picked Lenin to then head the government, just
several days after the November Revolution. During this revolution the peasants
storm the palace, taking total control of the government. At this point, the
power was given to Lenin. Almost immediatly he issued the New Economic Plan,
which instituted the one party system or communism. They basicaly supported the
basic communist theories of Karl Marx, as interpreted by Lenin. He installed
many of his beliefs and helped reorganize the people, and essentially
emmancipatte the working class. He also is credited with the creation of the
S...


... middle of paper ...


.... The economic state of China made it much more profitable
for a peasant to work for the warlord that form the land (Shanor 95).
     Because of the poor conditions, small Communist groups began to form in
China's cities. At first, they were allies with Sun Yat-Sen and his
Nationalists. But the good feelings between the two parties deteriorated
quickly after Chiang Kai-Shek, Sun's successor, ordered the Shanghai Massacre of
the Communists. Chiang spent the following years alternating between
negotiating with and fighting against the Communists. The situation became so
drastic that the Communists eventually fled during the Long March of 1934-35
(Shanor 95).

The United States, who was very Anti-Communist after WWII, supported
Chiang Kai-Shek. Over a period of four years, the US gave $2.5 billion to
support the Nationalist cause. Despite their efforts, the Communists eventually
overthrew the Nationalist government, forcing Chiang and followers to flee to
Taiwan. On October 1, 1949, Mao Zedong, the leader of the Communists,
proclaimed the country as the People's Republic of China (Shanor 96).

1 Industrial Workers of the World www.iww.org

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