------ American Born Chinese Children under Chinese Culture
According to the American Heritage Dictionary, socialization is “the process of learning interpersonal and interactional skills that are in conformity with the values of one's society” (American Heritage). It is a process of learning culture. During socialization, children will acquire attitudes, norms, values, behaviors, personalities, etc. within agencies of socialization, which were described as “Agencies of socialization are structured groups or contexts within which significant processes of socialization occur.” according to the sociology terminology (Gidden 1). Socialization always begins very early in life. It starts from childhood and continues throughout the whole life. During this process, they will be influenced through family and educational institutions (Shu 1). What happen to the American born Chinese socialization within the Chinese culture?
American born Chinese can be defined as the Chinese people who are born in American after their parents immigrated from the USA. More and more people immigrated to America, especially the Asian population. According to Shu-Ling Berggreen: “The Asian American population in the US ‘increased by 140 percent from 1970 to 1980 and then by 108 percent from 1980 and 1990 (to a total of approximately 7,273,662), making it the fastest growing segment of the US population.” (Berggreen1).
What happens to the American society? American society is like an ethnic melting pot, where all kinds of cultures are mixed together to form the multicultural diversity of America. It is an ”Ethno-cultural salad,” in which all other cultures lose their cultural identification and form a new American culture, At the same time, each culture still preserves its unique taste (Strussner3-4). Chinese immigrant families still keep their culture heritage through they live in America. In many big cities or the increasing number of suburbs, there are a lot of Chinese communities, which are called “China Town.” It serves as a cultural “home-base.” a sense of community or Chinese culture heritage. There, you can eat the yummy Chinese foods and enjoy unique Chinese culture or festivals.
Chinese children in this situation will be socialized and form a set of values, norms, behaviors and attitudes toward life. How does each “agencies of socialization” (such as family an...
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...iety, the ABC will suffer the culture identity and culture assimilation. Christina, a teen ABC, also express how she feel at school in the youth radio: “I hate being seen as ‘fake’ Chinese because I’m ABC. What’s even more confusing is dealing with homework and people at school on top of figuring out your cultural identity. If I was just ‘American,’ I wouldn’t have to think about if I’m Asian or Asian American or Chinese or Chinese American. I could just be a regular teenager.” (Kwong1). ABC is like banana, yellow on the outside and white on the inside. They tended to come upon a sense of ethnic identity sometime in their lives; it is called "Identity Crisis.” On the other hand, the teen ABC tries to assimilate into the American culture at school. They speak English instead of Chinese, even if they were sent to Chinese language school to learn Chinese. They feel that it is easier for them to speak English rather than go to Chinese school (Kwong 1).
In a word, both family and school play a crucial role in American born Chinese’s socialization process. Both of them influence ABC’s behaviors, norms and personalities.
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