Child development is a very important in today’s psychology. That is why it is not surprising that so much research has been developed on that topic. In the article “Transforming the Debate About Child Care and Maternal Employment” the author, Louise B. Silverstein, presents a very interesting point of view on the history as well as the future of psychological research on child care and influence of maternal employment on child development.
The very essence of Silverstein’s argument was the biggest shock to me. She claims that psychological research and political culture is highly influenced by, or should I say contaminated with, the myth of motherhood. Up to 19th century motherhood was not a full time job and an essential component for a healthy child development. This approach started to change at the end of the 19th century, when under the influence of politics, clergy and psychology, the weight of child’s development was shifted from the society and father almost exclusively onto mother. It was believed at that time that “what happens to the child is largely a product of who the mother is and what she does or does not do” (Silverstein, 1026).
The theory of heavy influence of mother’s behavior on the child has been the subject of the research by Bowlby and Spitz on child care. It has leaded them both to similar conclusions. The resea...
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